1945年英國大選

1945年英國大選舉辦於1945年7月5日,但部分選區投票日期延遲[1]。工黨在這次選舉中出乎意料的獲得大勝[2]。而保守黨則自1906年之後首次失去得票數最多政黨的地位,直到1955年才贏回。這次選舉使得工黨首次得以組建一個多數政府。

1945年英國大選

← 1935 1945年7月5日 1950 →
投票率72.8%(1.7%)
  多數黨 少數黨
  Person attlee2.jpg Sir Winston Churchill - 19086236948 (cropped2).jpg
领袖 克莱门特·艾德礼 溫斯頓·丘吉爾
政党 工黨 保守黨
上任时间 1935年10月25日 1940年10月9日
代表选区 Limehouse Woodford
上届结果 154席,38.0% 386席,47.8%
赢得席次 393 197
席次差额 239 189
民選得票 11,967,746 8,716,211
得票率 47.7% 36.2%
得票变动 9.7% 11.6%

  第三大黨 第四大黨
  The Air Ministry, 1939-1945. CH10270 – Edit 1.jpg BrownErnest.jpg
领袖 Archibald Sinclair Ernest Brown
政党 自由黨 National Liberal Party (UK, 1931)
上任时间 1935年11月26日 1940年
代表选区 Caithness and Sutherland(落敗) Leith(落敗)
上届结果 21席,6.7% 33席,3.7%
赢得席次 12 11
席次差额 9 22
民選得票 2,177,938 686,652
得票率 9.0% 2.9%
得票变动 2.3% 0.8%

UK General Election, 1945.png
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.
(Insert shows results in the Parliamentary County of London. Map excludes Northern Ireland)

选前首相

溫斯頓·丘吉爾
保守黨

指名首相

克莱门特·艾德礼
工黨

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ General Election (Polling Date): 31 May 1945: House of Commons debates. They Work For You. [2018-02-01]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-14). 
  2. ^ Chris Rowe. Britain 1929–1998. 2004: 37. 
  • Addison, Paul. The road to 1945: British politics and the Second World War (London: Cape, 1975)
  • Baines, Malcolm. "The liberal party and 1945 general election." Contemporary Record (1995) 9(1) pp: 48–61.
  • Brooke, Stephen. Labour's war: the Labour party during the Second World War (Oxford University Press, 1992)
  • Burgess, Simon. "1945 Observed – A History of the Histories," Contemporary Record (1991) 5(1) pp 155–170; historiography
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987
  • Fielding, Steven. "What did 'the people' want?: the meaning of the 1945 general election." Historical Journal (1992) 35(3) pp: 623–639. JSTOR: 2639633页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  • Fry, Geoffrey K. "A Reconsideration of the British General Election of 1935 and the Electoral Revolution of 1945," History (1991) 76#246 pp 43–55.
  • Gilbert, Bentley B. "Third Parties and Voters' Decisions: The Liberals and the General Election of 1945." Journal of British Studies (1972) 11(2) pp: 131–141.
  • Kandiah, Michael David. "The conservative party and the 1945 general election." (1995): 22–47.
  • Lynch, Michael. 1. The Labour Party in Power 1945–51. Britain 1945–2007. Access to History. Hodder Headline. 2008. ISBN 0-340-96595-9. .
  • McCallum, R.B. and Alison Readman. The British general election of 1945 (1947) the standard scholarly study
  • McCulloch, Gary. "Labour, the Left, and the British General Election of 1945." Journal of British Studies (1985) 24(4) pp: 465–489. JSTOR: 175476页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  • Nicholas, H. The British general election of 1950. London: Macmillan. 1951. ISBN 0-333-77865-0. 
  • Pelling, Henry. "The 1945 general election reconsidered." Historical Journal (1980) 23(2) pp: 399-414. JSTOR: 2638675页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  • Toye, Richard. "Winston Churchill's "Crazy Broadcast": Party, Nation, and the 1945 Gestapo Speech," Journal of British Studies (2010) 49(3) pp. 655–680 JSTOR: 23265382页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆); online页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆

外部連結编辑