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2017年女性大游行

2017年女性大游行(英語:2017 Women's March)是自2017年1月21-22日在世界各地进行的一系列女权游行示威活动,旨在捍卫女权,同时为移民改革、科学精神、健保改革、环境保护、LGBT权益、种族公义、世俗化运动、堕胎权益发声。这些游行示威活动直指新任美国总统唐纳德·特朗普的一系列言论和立场:一些人认为其涉及性別歧視、種族歧視、排外及反伊斯蘭等言論,加上不認同其是合法總統,以其他方式值得谴责。[a][9][10]

2017年女性大游行
女权运动反川普抗议活动的一部分
Women's March Washington, DC USA 33.jpg
华盛顿哥伦比亚特区反川普大游行的示威者
日期 2017年1月21日至22日
地點 全球性,以美国华盛顿哥伦比亚特区之游行最为著名
起因
目標

“为保护我们的权益、安全、健康与家庭,以及向公众宣告我们充满生机而多元化的社会才是立国之本”[3]

指揮人物
主持
人數

约500,000(华盛顿哥伦比亚特区游行)[7]

全球范围内约2,600,000(1月22日估计)[8]
官方网站:www.womensmarch.com

其间首次抗议发生于美国华盛顿哥伦比亚特区,并被称作华盛顿女性大游行Women's March on Washington)。[11][12]此次游行示威作为草根运动在唐纳德·川普于同年1月20日就任的第二天开始,旨在“向执政当局上台的第一天发出直接信息、告诉世界女权即人权”、对川普的被指侵犯女性的言论与行为进行抗議。[13]参与华盛顿游行的人数至少为现场参与前一天就职典礼的人数三倍。[14]YouTube[15]FacebookTwitter等社交网站上均有直播位於華盛頓的遊行。[16]

游行示威在全世界各地均有发生,仅美国境内便有民众计划了408次示威活动,美国以外也有168次。[17]活动的组织者之后表示,全球范围内共有673场游行,其中墨西哥有20场,加拿大有29场。[9]在首都华盛顿哥伦比亚特区就至少有50万民众参与,初步估计全球参与人数超过2百万。[9][18][19]此次游行为美国自1964年的反越南战争游行英语Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War以来境内发生过最大规模的示威活动。[20]

游行在华盛顿特区、芝加哥、洛杉矶(组织者聲称有750,000人参与)[21]、纽约、西雅图大约共有两百万人参与,但无人被捕。[22]

背景编辑

组织者编辑

2016年11月9日,在川普被確定獲選為美國總統後[23],來自夏威夷的Teresa Shook在臉書上創建了一個活動,並邀請其朋友去華盛頓遊行抗議,作為對川普當選為美國總統和對其政治觀點的反應[b][25]。之後Evvie Harmon、Fontaine Pearson、Bob Bland、Breanne Butler也創建了類似的臉書活動,並迅速獲得上千名女性的簽名參與[26][27][28][29]。Harmon、Pearson和Butler決定整合他們的活動,並開始創建了華盛頓女性大遊行的官網[26]。為了確保運動具有不同種族和背景人士的廣泛代表性,運動的聯合發起人和行動負責人Vanessa Wruble邀請Tamika D. Mallory、Carmen Perez、Linda Sarsour和Bob Bland一同加入[26][30];前任美國新澤西小姐Janaye Ingram作為統籌策劃負責人[31]。組織者表示這次活動並非針對川普,「更多是關於婦女權利的主動行動」。Sarsour表示這是「對社會公義和包含種族、族裔、性別、宗教、移民和醫保在內的人權議題的態度」[4][32]

儘管如此,因為活動有大部分是反川普的人士參與[33],有時候也直接將其稱為反川普遊行[34]

国家主持编辑

政策平台编辑

参与编辑

华盛顿特区编辑

美国各地编辑

全美各地一共有408場有計劃的抗議活動[35]

美国之外编辑

世界各地81[35]国共举行168次游行。[17]舉辦方稱世界各地共有673次遊行,其中墨西哥20次、加拿大29次。[9]

加拿大编辑

在加拿大很多城市,有眾多市民走上街頭,響應美國華盛頓的反川普大遊行[36][37]

多倫多,上千名示威者聚集在省議會前的皇后公園,高舉著包括「女性權利」、「我與她站在一起」等的標語牌,沿著多倫多市區一條主要大街緩慢遊行。遊行隊伍途徑美國駐多倫多大使館,並最終聚集在市政廳前的彌敦菲臘廣場。警方估計這次遊行至少有6,000人參與。

渥太華,有6,000至8,000名左右的示威人士,從市政廳外的人權紀念碑出發,遊行至布朗森中心,以此響應華盛頓的反川普遊行[38][39]

而在溫哥華,警方估計有高達一萬人參加了在市中心舉行的集會遊行。示威者並經過了即將落成的特朗普大廈,並在圍欄上留下示威標語,甚至有人向大廈擲雞蛋。

據統計,加拿大全國當天有超過30場遊行,包括在滿地可哈利法克斯等地[40][41]

地点编辑

从2017年1月21日开始,2017年女性大游行在美國以及世界各地的城市均有示威活动,旨在推动婦女權利、堕胎权利、世俗化运动、科学精神、移民改革、健保改革,反对伊斯兰恐惧症强奸文化英语rape cultureLGBT虐待,并就种族不公(如 Black Lives Matter)、工人问题、环境问题等发声。[42]

参见编辑

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Cauterucci, Christina. Getting the Women's March on Washington on the Road. Slate. 2016-11-23 [2016-12-30]. 
  2. ^ Guiding Vision and Definition of Principles (PDF). Women's March on Washington. [2017-01-23]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-01-20). 
  3. ^ Meridith McGraw; Adam Kelsey. Everything You Need to Know About the Women's March. ABC News. 2017-01-20 [2017-01-22]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Jamieson, Amber. Women's March on Washington: a guide to the post-inaugural social justice event. The Guardian. 2016-12-27 [2016-12-28]. ISSN 0261-3077 (英国英语). 
  5. ^ Stein, Perry; Somashekhar, Sandhya. It started with a retiree. Now the Women's March could be the biggest inauguration demonstration. Washington Post. 2017-01-03 [2017-01-04]. Video of Bob Bland speaking about the rally. 
  6. ^ Przybyla, Heidi. Women's march an 'entry point' for a new activist wave. USA Today. 2017-01-06 [2017-01-07]. Women's march an 'entry point' for a new activist wave.
  7. ^ Stein, Perry; Hendrix, Steve; Hauslohner, Abigail. Women's marches: More than one million protesters vow to resist President Trump. 华盛顿邮报. [2017-01-22]. 
  8. ^ Przybyla, Heidi M.; Schouten, Fredreka. At 2.6 million strong, Women's Marches crush expectations. 今日美國 online. 2017-01-22 [2017-01-22].  14:00 UTC based on "Updated 14 hours ago" as of 2017-01-22 22:14 UTC (Note: Website plays irrelevant audio/video.)
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Weaver, Courtney; Rennison, Joe; Whipp, Lindsay; Bullock, Nicole. Hundreds of thousands gather in US cities for Women's March. Financial Times. 2017-01-22 [2017-01-22]. 
  10. ^ In challenge to Trump, women protesters swarm streets across U.S.. Reuters. 2017-01-22 [2017-01-22]. 
  11. ^ Tolentino, Jia. The Somehow Controversial Women's March on Washington. The New Yorker. 2017-01-18 [2017-01-20]. 
  12. ^ Bosman, Julie. In a Rust Belt Town, the Women's March Draws Shrugs and Cheers From Afar. 纽约时报. 2017-01-21 [2017-01-22]. 
  13. ^ Tatum, Sophie. Women's March on Washington: What you need to know. CNN. 2017-01-16 [2017-01-20]. 
  14. ^ Wallace, Tim; Parlapiano, Alicia. Crowd Scientists Say Women's March in Washington Had 3 Times as Many People as Trump's Inauguration. The New York Times. 2017-01-22 [2017-01-22]. 
  15. ^ Women's March on Washington. Live stream of Women's March on Washington
  16. ^ Women's March on Washington. Women's March. [2017-01-21]. You can view the program live on a number of Jumbotrons on Independence Ave. and through all of our social media platforms, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. 
  17. ^ 17.0 17.1 Schmidt, Kierstein; Almukhtar, Sarah, Where Women's Marches Are, New York Times, 2017-01-20 [2017-01-21] 
  18. ^ Alcindor, Anemona Hartocollis, Yamiche; Chokshi, Niraj. 'We're Not Going Away': Huge Crowds for Women's Marches Against Trump. New York Times. 2017-01-21 [2017-01-21]. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  19. ^ At 2.5 million strong, Women's Marches crush expectations. USA Today. 2017-01-21 [2017-01-22]. 
  20. ^ Swaine, Jon. Trump presidency begins with defense of false 'alternative facts'. 2017-01-22 –通过The Guardian. 
  21. ^ Shaded pink, women's protest fills the streets of downtown L.A.. Los Angeles Times. 
  22. ^ Capps, Kriston. Millions of Marchers, Zero Arrests. Citylab. January 22, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  23. ^ Novick, Ilana. March on Washington and beyond: How women are resisting Donald Trump. Salon. January 2, 2017 [January 4, 2017]. 
  24. ^ Cobb, Jelani. The Return of Civil Disobedience. The New Yorker. January 9, 2017 [January 3, 2017]. ; and "bragged about sexual assault," see, e.g., Donald Trump and Billy Bush recording.
  25. ^ Cusumano, Katherine. The Women of the Women's March: Meet the Activists Who Are Planning One of the Largest Demonstrations in American History. W Magazine. January 19, 2017 [January 21, 2017]. 
  26. ^ 26.0 26.1 26.2 Explaining the Women's March on Washington. McClatchyDC. November 23, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  27. ^ Kearney, Laila. Hawaii grandma's plea launches women's march in Washington. Reuters. December 5, 2016 [December 29, 2016]. 
  28. ^ Wulfhorst, Ellen. Trump Inauguration To Be Met By Mass 'Women's March on Washington'. The Huffington Post. November 11, 2016 [December 30, 2016]. 
  29. ^ Cauterucci, Christina. Getting the Women's March on Washington on the Road. Slate. November 23, 2016 [December 30, 2016]. 
  30. ^ National Committee. Women's March on Washington. [January 1, 2017]. 
  31. ^ Women's March Organizer: 'We Are Committed' To Fighting For Change. NPR. January 23, 2017. 
  32. ^ Heyboer, Kelly. Women's March on Washington 2017: Who's going and when, how to get there and why it's happening. The Star-Ledger. January 4, 2017 [January 4, 2017]. 
  33. ^ Chira, Susan; Alcindor, Yamiche. Defiant Voices Flood U.S. Cities as Women Rally for Rights. The New York Times. January 21, 2017 [January 22, 2017]. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  34. ^ Editorial Board. The Guardian View on the anti-Trump marches: Nasty Women of the world unite. The Guardian. January 22, 2017 [January 22, 2017]. ISSN 0261-3077. 
  35. ^ 35.0 35.1 Sister Marches. Women's March on Washington. [January 23, 2017]. (原始内容存档于2017-01-23). 
  36. ^ Canadians Take To The Streets To Support Women's Rights In Shadow Of Trump. Huffington Post. January 21, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  37. ^ Thousands of Canadians join Women’s Marches across country. CTV News. January 21, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  38. ^ 多市6000人示威反特朗普聲援華盛頓婦女大遊行. 明報. 2017年1月21日, 2016 [2017年1月3日]. 
  39. ^ Moments from the March: Ottawa women cheer from hair salon, 94-year-old says 'get on with it'. CBC News. Jan 21, 2017 [Jan 29, 2017]. 
  40. ^ Solidarity sisters! Why Canadians are joining the Women's March on Washington. CBC. January 21, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  41. ^ ‘You are part of history right now,’ Toronto women’s march told. The Star. January 21, 2017 [January 23, 2017]. 
  42. ^ Cauterucci, Christina. The Women's March on Washington Has Released an Unapologetically Progressive Platform. Slate. January 12, 2017 [January 12, 2017]. 
  43. ^ Women's March on Washington. C-SPAN. January 21, 2017 [January 21, 2017]. 

备注编辑

  1. ^ 此前川普在2005年曾夸口言其能在未经允许的情况下抓女性阴部,称“只要你是名人,她們就讓你做,想做什么都行,比如抓她们的下体”。英文原文为“When you're a star they let you do it, you can do anything, grab 'em by the pussy
  2. ^ "Born of one woman's invitation to forty friends, the event is meant as a rejoinder to the fact that a candidate with a troubling history regarding women's rights—one who actually bragged about committing sexual assault—has made it to the White House."[24]

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