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2018年加沙邊境抗議事件

(重定向自2018年加沙邊境示威

2018年加沙邊境抗議事件於2018年3月30日開始,在加沙地带靠近以色列邊境處進行。[6][3]進行示威的巴勒斯坦人要求原居於以色列的巴勒斯坦人及其後代可以享有返回故鄉定居的權利。[7][8]他們也抗議以色列對加沙的長期封鎖以及美國把美國駐以色列大使館搬遷到耶路撒冷[9]示威造成自2014年加沙戰爭以來最嚴重的以巴衝突傷亡。[10][11]

2018年加沙邊境抗議事件
加沙-以色列衝突英语Gaza–Israel conflict的一部分
日期 2018年3月30日至今
(8个月1周又5天)
地點 加沙地带靠近以色列邊境處
目標
  • 解除封鎖[1]
  • 讓原居於以色列的巴勒斯坦人及其後代享有返回故鄉定居的權利[2]
衝突方
人數
數以萬計(大部分人無武器)[3]
傷亡
111人喪生,超過12,000人受傷[4](截至2018年5月15日)
1人輕傷[5]

示威由獨立的活躍分子發起,並得到哈马斯的認可和支持。[12]

在2018年3月30日至5月15日期間,至少110名巴勒斯坦人在示威中喪生。[13][11]其中一些人是不同的巴勒斯坦武裝組織的成員;其中40人在示威過程中被殺。[14][15][16][17][18]以色列士兵發射催淚彈和實彈。[19]截至2018年5月15日,以軍有一名士兵受輕傷。[5]

在美國駐以色列大使館遷往耶路撒冷之日,即2018年5月14日星期一,巴人示威進一步升溫。以軍估計在加沙的12個地點共有35,000人參與示威,另有數千人朝着邊境圍欄前進。[20]在加沙邊境,以色列人的開火造成448名巴人受傷,41名示威者被殺,其中3人正帶着爆炸物前往圍欄。[21]

加沙地帶地圖

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Palestinians carry on rallies in Gaza on third consecutive Friday – Xinhua – English.news.cn. Xinhua News Agency. 
  2. ^ al-Mughrabi, Nidal. Israeli forces kill three Gaza border protesters, wound 600: medics. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Halbfinger, David. 300 Meters in Gaza: Snipers, Burning Tires and a Contested Fence. The New York Times. 2018-04-13 [2018-04-17]. 
  4. ^ Gaza protests: All the latest updates. Al Jazeera. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Israel faces outcry over Gaza killings during Jerusalem embassy protests, Guardian, 15 May 2018, "Until this week, no Israeli had been harmed since protests began on 30 March. An IDF spokesman, Lt Col Jonathan Conricus, said one soldier had been “slightly wounded by shrapnel” on Monday but he did not have details on the source of the injury."
  6. ^ Alouf, Abu. 15 Palestinians reported killed by Israeli fire as Gaza border protest builds. Los Angeles Times. 2018-03-30. 
  7. ^ David M. Halbfinger, Iyad Abuheweila, One Dead Amid Violence in 3rd Week of Protests at Gaza-Israel Fence, The New York Times 13 April 2018. ‘They are objecting to Israel's 11-year-old blockade of Gaza and seeking to revive international interest in Palestinian claims of a right of return to the lands they were displaced from in 1948.’
  8. ^ Khaled Abu Toameh, Hamas vows Gaza protests last until Palestinians return to all of Palestine, The Times of Israel 9 April 2018. ‘The protests are an uprising for "Jerusalem, Palestine, and the right of return," he said, referring to the demand that Palestinian refugees and their descendants be allowed to return to their former homes in Israel.’
  9. ^ Khoury, Jack; Kubovich, Yaniv; Zikri, Almog Ben. Mass Gaza Border Clashes: 58 Palestinians Killed by Israeli Gunfire, 1,113 Wounded. Haaretz. 2018-05-15 [2018-05-14]. 
  10. ^ Clarke, Hilary. Diplomats: US blocks UN statement for independent inquiry into Gaza violence. 2018-04-01 [2018-04-06]. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Morris, Loveday; Balousha, Hazem. Israelis kill more than 50 Palestinians in Gaza protests, health officials say. The Washington Post. 2018-05-14 [2018-05-14]. ISSN 0190-8286. 
  12. ^ Halbfinger, David M. Hamas Sees Gaza Protests as Peaceful – and as a ‘Deadly Weapon’. The New York Times. 2018-04-15 [2018-04-20]. ISSN 0362-4331. after a grass-roots idea for a peaceful, long-lasting protest along the Gaza fence started gaining widespread support, Hamas brought a halt to what had been a fairly steady tempo of rocket launches into Israel and threw its considerable organizational might behind the demonstrations. 
  13. ^ Sanchez, Raf; Oliphant, Roland. Gaza braces for protests and funerals a day after at least 58 Palestinians killed by Israeli troops. The Daily Telegraph. 2018-05-14. 
  14. ^ Fares Akram and Karin Laub, AP. Gaza toll rises to 18, Israel rejects excessive force claims. The Washington Post. 2018-04-02 [2018-04-06]. 
  15. ^ Israeli army kills 17 Palestinians in Gaza protests. Al Jazeera. [2018-04-03]. 
  16. ^ al-Mughrabi, Nidal. Israeli troops kill seven Palestinians on day of heightened Gaza border protests: medics. Reuters. 2018-04-06 [2018-04-09]. 
  17. ^ Khoury, Jack; Kubovich, Yaniv. Gaza Protests: 'Three Killed, 349 Wounded' as Palestinians March on Border for Fifth Week. Haaretz. 2018-04-27 [2018-04-27]. 
  18. ^ OCHA Flash Update: No Palestinian fatalities but hundreds reported injured in Gaza during continuing demonstrations along the fence with Israel. ReliefWeb. 2018-05-05 [2018-05-05]. 
  19. ^ IDF uses tear gas, live fire as thousands protest at Gaza border. The Times of Israel. 2018-04-06 [2018-04-06]. 
  20. ^ 18 said killed, including terror operatives, as 35,000 rally at Gaza border. The Times of Israel. 2018-05-14 [2018-05-14]. 
  21. ^ Khoury, Jack; Landau, Noa; Haaretz. Jerusalem Embassy and Gaza Protests: 18 Palestinians Reported Killed by Israeli Gunfire at Border. Haaretz. 2018-05-14 [2018-05-14].