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2019年斯里蘭卡連環爆炸

斯里蘭卡於2019年4月21日復活節星期日,在多個城市發生的一系列爆炸事件

2019年斯里蘭卡連環爆炸[9](又稱2019年斯里蘭卡恐怖襲擊[10][11]斯里蘭卡復活節大屠殺[12][13])發生在2019年4月21日復活主日斯里蘭卡可倫坡內貢博巴提卡洛阿代希瓦勒英语Dehiwala德瑪塔戈達英语Dematagoda發生一連串爆炸,其中首六宗爆炸幾乎同一時間發生[14],當日下午亦發生另外兩場爆炸。當局一度表示有359人死亡、500人受傷[15],其後修正死亡人數為約253人[16]。遇難者還包括印度、日本、美国、英国以及中國公民在内的多国外籍人员[17][18]

2019年斯里蘭卡連環爆炸
斯里蘭卡恐怖主義英语Terrorism in Sri Lanka與伊斯蘭國相關的恐怖襲擊英语List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL的一部分
三個遇襲的目標,從左上片起,順時針依次為:聖安多尼神殿英语St. Anthony's Shrine, Kochchikade金斯伯里酒店英语The Kingsbury Hotel香格里拉酒店英语Shangri-La_Hotel, Colombo
各個遇襲地點在斯里蘭卡的位置
位置  斯里蘭卡
可倫坡內貢博巴提卡洛阿代希瓦勒英语Dehiwala德瑪塔戈達英语Dematagoda
日期 2019年4月21日 (2019-04-21)
  • 08:00-08:45:首六場爆炸
  • 14:10:熱帶酒店爆炸
  • 14:40 & 15:20:住宅區爆炸[1]
SLST英语Sri Lanka Standard TimeUTC+05:30
目標 基督徒、外國遊客
類型 自殺式炸彈襲擊[2]
武器 黑索金三過氧化三丙酮、,破片殺傷
死亡 253[3]
受害 500+[4]
主謀 國家一神教團(政府報告)
 伊斯兰国(組織宣稱)
疑犯 150人被拘留(根據預防恐怖主義法英语Prevention_of_Terrorism_Act_(Sri_Lanka)[5][6]
查詢 總統西里塞納援引緊急法,給予警方英语Sri_Lanka_Police更大權力,但僅可處理恐怖主義威脅,並不會妨礙言論自由[7]
刑罰 2019年5月6日,九人在科倫坡裁判法院英语Magistrate's Courts of Sri Lanka被控提供用具以協助與恐怖主義有關的行為[8]

接下來數日,斯里蘭卡國內發生多宗爆炸和炸彈恐嚇,令國內出現恐慌[19]。當局指爆炸事件由國家一神教團策劃,是對先前發生的基督城清真寺槍擊案的報復[20]。另外,伊斯兰国声称对斯里兰卡连环爆炸案负责[21]

本事件也是自2009年斯里兰卡内战结束以来该国首次遭受重大恐怖袭击[22]

目录

襲擊编辑

八場爆炸编辑

首六場爆炸编辑

爆炸前,出事的三間酒店都收到炸彈恐嚇[23]。三間酒店均位於可倫坡的中心區,分別是[24][14][25]

遇袭的教堂發生爆炸時,教堂內正舉行復活節彌撒。爆炸威力之大以致鄰近多棟建築物的民眾都感受到震動。三間遇襲教堂(其中两座天主教堂,一座福音派教堂)分別位於三座城市,分別是:

後兩場爆炸编辑

其他爆炸编辑

其他事件编辑

主谋编辑

國籍[51] 死亡人數
  斯里蘭卡 198
  印度[52] 11
  中國[53] 6
  英國[54] 6
  丹麥[55] 3
  荷蘭[56] 3[a]
  澳大利亚[57] 2
  沙烏地阿拉伯[58][59] 2
  西班牙[60] 2
  土耳其[61] 2
  英國/  美國[62] 2
  美國[63] 2
  孟加拉国[64] 1
  日本[65] 1
  葡萄牙[66] 1
  瑞士[49] 1
不明 10
總計 253[b]

斯里兰卡的新闻机构《每日鏡報英语The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka)》的初步报道称,袭击事件是伊斯兰激进组织活动的一部分[67]

斯里蘭卡政府表示連環爆炸中7名自殺式襲擊者都是斯里蘭卡公民,斯里蘭卡國防部表示該爆炸事件是極端伊斯蘭武裝組織國家一神教團所為,是對先前發生的基督城清真寺槍擊案的報復[20]。該組織一直灌輸極端的原教旨主義和對佛教徒發動攻擊。同时斯里兰卡当局透露该组织可能得到了另一当地武装组织易卜拉欣真信会(Jammiyathul Millathu Ibrahim)的援助。不过國家一神教團拒绝为爆炸负责,并谴责此次袭击[68]伊斯兰国则声称对斯里兰卡连环爆炸案负责[21]

斯里兰卡警方确认的嫌犯:

  • 札哈蘭·哈希姆(Zahran Hashim):本次爆炸案主谋,原名穆罕默德·扎哈兰,國家一神教團领导人,多次前往斯里兰卡国外和ISIS联系[68],在香格里拉酒店英语Shangri-La_Hotel,_Colombo爆炸中身亡[69]
  • 阿卜杜勒·拉蒂夫·賈邁爾·穆罕默德(Abdul Lathief Jameel Mohamed):2006至2007学年就读于伦敦金士頓大學,主修航空航天工程,并在澳大利亚墨尔本攻读研究生课程。穆罕默德在澳大利亚留学期间受到宗教极端人士影响,并一度遭到澳大利亚方面调查。后来穆罕默德前往叙利亚加入伊斯兰国,最终返回斯里兰卡[70]。穆罕默德在代希瓦勒英语Dehiwala熱帶酒店英语Tropical Inn引爆炸弹身亡[68]
  • 英沙夫·阿哈邁德·易卜拉欣(Inshaf Ahmed Ibrahim):馬哈茂德·尤素夫·易卜拉欣(Mohamed Yusuf Ibrahim)之子。易卜拉欣家族擁有斯里兰卡香料出口商伊沙纳出口公司 (Ishana Export)。其父親和斯里蘭卡政界人士關係密切。英沙夫本人担任伊沙纳出口公司出口总监,同時经营一家铜厂。英沙夫在肉桂大酒店英语Cinnamon Grand Hotel引爆炸彈[68]
  • 伊勒姆·阿哈邁德·易卜拉欣(Ilham Ahmed Ibrahim) :英沙夫之弟。他在香格里拉酒店英语Shangri-La_Hotel,_Colombo引爆炸彈[68]
  • 伊勒姆·阿哈邁德·易卜拉欣妻子:警方突襲伊勒姆在笛馬狄哥達英语Dematagoda馬哈維拉·鄔迪亞那路的住宅時伊勒姆妻子引爆炸彈自盡,同時3名警察以及她的3個孩子也在爆炸中身亡[68]

後續编辑

  斯里蘭卡國內编辑

可倫坡主教编辑

  • 可倫坡主教府宣布當日下午所有復活節彌撒都已取消[71]

政府编辑

 
總統頒令緊急法律

其他编辑

國際政府编辑

 
位於赫爾辛基芬蘭地亞大廈點亮斯里蘭卡國旗三色以示哀悼

事發後,中國駐斯里蘭卡大使館啟動應急機制,呼籲中國公民注意人身安全[93],並提醒公民暫勿前往,否則要自負風險[94]臺灣在21日將斯里蘭卡的旅遊警示提高至橙色警戒[95]香港在4月22日對斯里蘭卡發出紅色外遊警示[96][97]澳門也發出外遊警示[98]

多國領袖表達哀悼,包括澳洲[99]孟加拉[100]巴西[101]汶萊[102]保加利亞[103]柬埔寨[104]加拿大[105]丹麥[106]芬蘭[107]匈牙利[108]印度[23]印尼[109]伊朗[110]以色列[111]意大利[112]日本[113]寮國[114]黎巴嫩[115][116]馬來西亞[117]摩洛哥[118]荷蘭[119]新西蘭[120]巴基斯坦[121]巴勒斯坦[122]菲律賓[123]波蘭[124]葡萄牙[125]羅馬尼亞[126]俄羅斯[127]沙特阿拉伯[128]塞爾維亞[129]新加坡[130]斯洛文尼亞[131]韓國[132]瑞典[133]土耳其[134]阿聯酋[135]英國[136]美國[137]委內瑞拉[138][139]越南[140]。另外,以色列向斯里蘭卡提供人道援助[111]

爆炸發生後,多國的著名地標均點亮斯里蘭卡國旗的顏色以示哀悼,包括赫爾辛基芬蘭地亞大廈[141]悉尼歌劇院[142]桑德蘭彭肖紀念碑英语Penshaw Monument[143]阿布扎比首都門酋長國宮殿英语Emirates Palace[144]特拉維夫市政廳[145]

宗教界编辑

全球多個主要宗教領袖和代表都禱告記念死傷者。

参见编辑

備註编辑

  1. ^ 其中一位是瑞士-荷蘭公民,另一位是荷蘭-斯里蘭卡公民
  2. ^ 雙重國籍之死者不會重複計算

參考文獻编辑

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  90. ^ 【不斷更新●復活節襲擊】斯里蘭卡6酒店教堂連環爆炸 至少100死逾400人傷. Apple Daily 蘋果日報. [2019-04-21]. 
  91. ^ PTI. Sri Lanka Easter bombings: police chief resigns as Sirisena points to security establishment’s failure. The Hindu. 2019-04-26 [2019-04-27]. ISSN 0971-751X (en-IN). 
  92. ^ Sri Lanka police chief refusing to quit despite president's request -sources. www.msn.com. [2019-04-27]. 
  93. ^ 【斯里蘭卡爆炸案】本港2旅行團共22人全部安全. 頭條日報 Headline Daily. [2019-04-21] (中文(香港)‎). 
  94. ^ 提醒中国公民近期暂勿前往斯里兰卡. 中国驻斯里兰卡使馆. [2019-04-26] (中文(中国大陆)‎). 
  95. ^ 斯里蘭卡連環爆炸 1台人遭玻璃割傷. tw.news.yahoo.com. [2019-04-25] (zh-Hant-TW). 
  96. ^ 鄭秋玲; 李慧妍. 【斯里蘭卡連環爆炸】港府發紅色外遊警示 旅保三大細節要注意. 香港01. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-25] (中文(香港)‎). 
  97. ^ 【復活節襲擊】港府發紅色外遊警示 下月4團赴斯里蘭卡或取消. Apple Daily 蘋果日報. [2019-04-25]. 
  98. ^ 斯里兰卡连发爆炸案,香港、澳门均已发出旅游警示_情况. www.sohu.com. [2019-04-25] (英语). 
  99. ^ Morrison, Scott. I condemn the devastating & horrific Easter terrorist attacks on innocents in churches & hotels in Sri Lanka. I’ve been taking briefings this afternoon on the situation from DFAT. Call 1300 555 135 if you’re seeking information on friends or relatives travelling in Sri Lanka.. @ScottMorrisonMP. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  100. ^ PM, President condemn Sri Lanka attack, express condolences. The Daily Star. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-21) (英语). 
  101. ^ Bolsonaro condena atentado no Sri Lanka. O antagonista. 
  102. ^ Message of condolence to the Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist of Sri Lanka on the recent bomb attacks (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brunei. 2019-04-23 [2019-04-26]. 
  103. ^ Prime Minister Boyko Borisov expressed condolences to Sri Lanka Prime Minister. Focus. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  104. ^ Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation on the horrible attacks on churches and hotels in Sri Lanka on 21 April 2019 (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Cambodia. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-26]. 
  105. ^ Canadians in Sri Lanka warned more attacks possible after deadly bombings. Global News. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  106. ^ Norup, M.L. Udenrigsministeriet: Forlydender om dræbte og sårede danskere i Sri Lanka [Foreign Ministry: Information about Danish citizens killed and wounded in Sri Lanka]. DR News. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (丹麦语). 
  107. ^ Juha Sipilä tuomitsee Sri Lankassa pääsiäissunnuntaina tehdyt iskut. Talouselämä. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  108. ^ A külügyminisztérium elítéli a támadásokat [The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Condemns the Attacks]. Magyar Nemzet. [2019-04-21]. 
  109. ^ antaranews.com. Indonesia kecam keras pengeboman di Sri Lanka. Antara News. 
  110. ^ Sri Lanka’s bloody day: Hundreds of casualties in attacks on churches, hotels. Press TV. [2019-04-21]. 
  111. ^ 111.0 111.1 Israel offers aid to Sri Lanka in call after devastating bombings. The Times of Israel. 2019-04-21. 
  112. ^ Sri Lanka, Mattarella: "Condanna vile gesto violenza". Conte: "Addolorato da nuova deriva d'odio". RaiNews. [2019-04-21] (意大利语). 
  113. ^ Message of condolences from Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to Hon. Ranil Wickremesinghe, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka following the terrorist attacks in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan. 2019-04-22 [22 April 2019-04-22]. 
  114. ^ Condolence Message about the string of bombings in the Catholic Churches and Hotels in Sri Lanka on 21 April 2019 (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Laos. 2019-04-23 [2019-04-26]. 
  115. ^ Hezbollah Denounces Sri Lanka Blasts, Hopes Imminent Apparition of Imam Mahdi (P) to Restore World’s Security & Peace – Al-Manar TV Lebanon. english.almanar.com.lb. 
  116. ^ admin. Hezbollah condemns "savage" attack in Sri Lanka. 2019-04-22. 
  117. ^ Explosions in Colombo, Sri Lanka (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-24]. 
  118. ^ King Mohammed VI Sends Condolences to Sri Lankan President. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-22] –通过Morocco World News. 
  119. ^ Blok, Stef. Horrified by the terrible attacks on this Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka. Our thoughts are with the victims, including one Dutch national at this moment. The Netherlands has passed its heartfelt condolences to the Sri Lankan people. We stand with you.. @ministerBlok. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  120. ^ Sri Lanka explosions: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern labels attacks 'devastating' and sends NZ's condolences to grieving country. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] –通过www.nzherald.co.nz. 
  121. ^ Khan, Imran. Strongly condemn the horrific terrorist attack in Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday resulting in precious lives lost & hundreds injured. My profound condolences go to our Sri Lankan brethren. Pakistan stands in complete solidarity with Sri Lanka in their hour of grief.. @ImranKhanPTI. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  122. ^ President Abbas condemns Sri Lanka terror attacks. Wafa. [2019-04-21]. 
  123. ^ Parrocha, Azer. Palace sympathizes with families of Sri Lanka blast victims. Philippine News Agency. Philippine Government. [2019-04-21]. 
  124. ^ Sri Lanka. MSZ wydało oświadczenie ws. zamachów. Wirtualna Polska. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (波兰语). 
  125. ^ António Costa expressa "grande pesar" pela morte de português no Sri Lanka. SAPO. [2019-04-23]. 
  126. ^ Iohannis, Klaus. SI strongly condemn the horrific attacks against innocent people in #SriLanka on Easter Sunday. My condolences to all those affected. We must stand up for freedom of religion and belief.. @KlausIohannis. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  127. ^ Майтрипале Сирисене, Президенту Демократической Социалистической Республики Шри-Ланка. Президент России. [2019-04-21] (俄语). 
  128. ^ Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Sends Cable of Condolence to Sri Lanka's President on Victims of Terrorist Attacks. [2019-04-23]. 
  129. ^ Крвави Ускрс у Шри Ланци: Седам ухапшених, 207 погинулих, 450 рањених [Bloody Easter in Sri Lanka: Seven arrested, 207 dead, 450 wounded]. [2019-04-21] (塞尔维亚语). 
  130. ^ Sri Lanka blasts: PM Lee condemns 'heinous attacks', MFA says no Singaporean casualties. CNA. [2019-04-21]. 
  131. ^ Prezident Kiska vyjadril sústrasť rodinám obetí výbuchov na Srí Lanke. Teraz. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (斯洛伐克语). 
  132. ^ MOFA Spokesperson’s Statement on Bombing Attacks in Sri Lanka (新闻稿). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, South Korea. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-24]. 
  133. ^ SwedishPM. I strongly condemn the horrifying terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka, targeting innocent people celebrating Easter Sunday in their churches, as well as several hotels. Our thoughts are with the victims and their close ones. I am sending condolences to the people of Sri Lanka.. @SwedishPM. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  134. ^ Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip [@RTErdogan]. I condemn in the strongest terms possible the Easter terror attacks in #SriLanka. This is an assault on all of humanity. On behalf of the Turkish people, I offer my condolences to the families of the victims and the people of #SriLanka, and wish a speedy recovery to the injured. (推文). 2019-04-21 –通过Twitter. 
  135. ^ UAE denounces terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka. Khaleej Times. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  136. ^ Theresa May [@theresa_may]. The acts of violence against churches and hotels in Sri Lanka are truly appalling, and my deepest sympathies go out to all of those affected at this tragic time. We must stand together to make sure that no one should ever have to practise their faith in fear. (推文). 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] –通过Twitter. 
  137. ^ Trump, Donald [@realDonaldTrump]. 138 people have been killed in Sri Lanka, with more that 600 badly injured, in a terrorist attack on churches and hotels. The United States offers heartfelt condolences to the great people of Sri Lanka. We stand ready to help! (推文). 2019-04-21 –通过Twitter. 
  138. ^ M, Jorge Arreaza. El gobierno del presidente Nicolás Maduro expresa su profunda condena a los ataques terroristas ocurridos en la República Democrática Socialista de Sri Lanka. Venezuela repudia el terrorismo en cualquiera de sus formas y expresa sus más sentidas condolencias/gGb0bmoDn7. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-24]. 
  139. ^ Guaidó, Juan. Desde Venezuela lamentamos los despreciables hechos terroristas ocurridos en Sri Lanka que dejaron innumerables víctimas inocentes. Expresamos nuestras más sentidas palabras de condolencia y reivindicamos el derecho de todo ser humano a profesar libremente su religión.. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-24]. 
  140. ^ Thanh Nam; Huyen Huong. Vietnamese leaders send condolences after bomb attacks in Sri Lanka. Sài Gòn Giải Phóng. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-24]. 
  141. ^ Finlandia Hall lights up for Sri Lanka victims. News Now Finland. 2019-04-23 [2019-04-25]. 
  142. ^ Opera House lit up in Sri Lankan flag colours. ABC. 2019-04-29 [2019-04-30]. 
  143. ^ Sunderland lights up to show solidarity with Sri Lanka. ITV Hub. 2019-04-25 [2019-04-28]. 
  144. ^ 阿布扎比的地标以斯里兰卡国旗的颜色点亮. 阿联酋通讯社. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-25]. 
  145. ^ Tel Aviv City Hall lights up with Sri Lanka flag. The Jerusalem Post. 2019-04-22 [2019-04-25]. 
  146. ^ WCC condemns terror attacks in Sri Lanka, calls for end to violence. World Council of Churches. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  147. ^ Pope Francis laments Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka. Vatican News. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  148. ^ OIC Secretary General Strongly Condemned the Terrorist Attacks in Sri Lanka. Organization of Islamic cooperation. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. 
  149. ^ Live: Attacks on Sri Lanks churches and hotels. BBC. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21].  Live update at 16:09 "Archbishop of Canterbury: 'Despicable destruction'"
  150. ^ The Lutheran World Federation. Facebook. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21] (英语). 
  151. ^ Patriarch Kirill’s condolences over the terrorist action in Sri Lanka - The Russian Orthodox Church. [2019-04-22]. 
  152. ^ Patriarhul Daniel, despre atacurile din Sri Lanka: Expresia cea mai crudă a violenței și a înstrăinării de Dumnezeu. Adevărul. 2019-04-21 (罗马尼亚语).