3-戊醇

3-戊醇(英語:3-Pentanol),IUPAC系统名戊-3-醇(Pentan-3-ol),是一种仲戊醇,由于没有手性碳原子,不存在对映异构

3-Pentanol[1]
Skeletal formula of 3-pentanol
Ball-and-stick model of the 3-pentanol molecule
别名 3-Pentanol
识别
CAS号 584-02-1  ✓
PubChem 11428
ChemSpider 10947
SMILES
InChI
InChIKey AQIXEPGDORPWBJ-UHFFFAOYAU
ChEBI 77519
性质
化学式 C5H12O
摩尔质量 88.148 g/mol g·mol⁻¹
外观 无色液体
密度 0.815 g/ml
熔点 −8 °C(265 K)(来源A[2]
−69 °C(204 K)(来源B[3]
沸点 115.3 °C(388 K)
溶解性 59 g/L
溶解性 可溶于丙酮
易溶于乙醇乙醚
蒸氣壓 1.10 kPa
热力学
ΔfHmo298K -368.9 kJ·mol−1 (液)
-314.9 kJ·mol−1 (气)
热容 2.719 J·g−1·K−1
危险性
爆炸極限 1.2 – 9%
若非注明,所有数据均出自一般条件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

制备编辑

3-戊醇可由3-戊酮的催化加氢得到。[4]

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Lide, David R., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 87, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press: 3–454, 5–42, 8–102, 15–23, 1998, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2 
  2. ^ "International Chemical Safety Cards" data were obtained from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US). Retrieved from SciFinder. [2019-3-11]
  3. ^ "PhysProp" data were obtained from Syracuse Research Corporation of Syracuse, New York (US). Retrieved from SciFinder. [2019-3-11]
  4. ^ Lihua Zhu, Tuo Zheng, Changlin Yu, Jinbao Zheng, Zhenbiao Tang, Nuowei Zhang, Qing Shu, Bing H. Chen. Platinum-nickel alloy nanoparticles supported on carbon for 3-pentanone hydrogenation. Applied Surface Science. 2017-7, 409: 29–34 [2019-03-11]. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.02.251. (原始内容存档于2018-06-12) (英语).