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星螺屬
Astralium calcar 01.JPG
Several views of Astralium calcar
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
总目: 古腹足总目 Vetigastropoda
目: 鐘螺目 Trochida
科: 蠑螺科 Turbinidae
亚科: 蠑螺亞科 Turbininae
属: 星螺屬 Astralium
Link, 1807[1]
模式种
Turbo calcar Linnaeus, 1758
異名
  • Astralium (Cyclocantha) Swainson, 1840
  • Calcar Montfort, 1810
  • Cyclocantha Swainson, 1840
  • Distellifer Iredale, 1937
  • Foliastralium Habe & Okutani, 1980
  • Macropelmus Gistel, 1848 (Unnecessary substitute name for Calcar Montfort, 1810)
  • Micrastrea Cotton, 1939
  • Okinawastraea Habe & Okutani, 1981
  • Pagocalcar Iredale, 1937
  • Rugastella Iredale, 1937
  • Stella P. Fischer, 1885
  • Turbo (Calcar) Montfort, 1810

星螺屬(學名:Astralium)是軟體動物門腹足綱之下的一個屬,皆為海洋生活的海螺[2]。本物種舊屬原始腹足目星螺科,今屬鐘螺目鐘螺總科蝾螺科[2]

目录

分佈编辑

本屬物種分佈範圍西至印度洋東部的印度東部及馬爾代夫,北至日本,然後南下中國再至東南亞菲律賓印尼,最南達澳大利亞北領地昆士蘭州新南威爾士州維多利亞州塔斯曼尼亞州

物種编辑

根據WoRMS,本屬包括下列物種[2]

下列三個物種亦有在the Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database提及[4]

下列各物種舊屬本屬,今已被劃歸其他屬:

  • Astralium abyssorum Schepman, 1908:是榮光星螺Bolma henica (Watson, 1885))的異名。
  • Astralium americanum (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Lithopoma americanum (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Astralium andersoni E.A. Smith, 1902: synonym of Bolma andersoni (E. A. Smith, 1902)
  • Astralium aureolum Hedley, 1907: synonym of Bolma aureola (Hedley, 1907)
  • Astralium aureum (Jonas, 1844): synonym of Bellastraea aurea (Jonas, 1844)
  • Astralium bathyrhaphe Smith, 1899: synonym of Bolma bathyraphis (E. A. Smith, 1899)
  • Astralium brevispina (Lamarck, 1822): synonym of Lithopoma brevispina (Lamarck, 1822)
  • Astralium cepoides E.A. Smith, 1880: synonym of Turbo cepoides E.A. Smith, 1880
  • Astralium deplanatum Link, H.F., 1807: synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium fimbriatum Tryon, 1888: synonym of Bellastraea squamifera (Iredale, 1924)
  • Astralium gilchristi G.B. Sowerby III, 1903: synonym of Bolma bathyraphis (E. A. Smith, 1899)
  • Astralium guadeloupense Crosse, H., 1865: synonym of Lithopoma tectum (Lightfoot, 1786)
  • Astralium johnstoni Odhner, 1923: synonym of Bolma johnstoni (Odhner, 1923)
  • Astralium mactanense Habe & Okutani, 1980: synonym of Astralium lapillus Reeve, 1863
  • Astralium moniliferum Hedley & Willey, 1896: synonym of Guildfordia monilifera (Hedley & Willey, 1896)
  • Astralium phoebium (Röding, 1798): synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium plicatospinosum Pilsbry, 1889: synonym of Astralium confragosum (Gould, 1851)
  • Astralium roseobasis Kreipl & Dekker, 2003: synonym of Astralium provisorium (Schepman, 1903)
  • Astralium rutidoloma (Tate, 1893) synonym of Bellastraea rutidoloma (Tate, 1893)
  • Astralium semicostatum (P. Fischer, 1875): synonym of Astralium semicostatum (Kiener, 1850)
  • Astralium squamiferum (Koch, 1844): synonym of Bellastraea squamifera (Koch, 1844)
  • Astralium tayloriana Odhner, 1923: synonym of Bolma tayloriana (E. A. Smith, 1880)
  • Astralium titania Röding, P.F., 1798: synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium triumphans (Philippi, 1841): synonym of Guildfordia triumphans (Philippi, 1841)
  • Astralium tuberosum (Philippi): synonym of Astralium rhodostomum (Lamarck, 1822)
  • Astralium (Bolma) modestus var. girgyllus (Reeve, 1843): synonym of Bolma modesta (Reeve, 1843)

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Link (1807). Beschr. Nat. Samml. Univ. Rostock (3): 135.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bouchet, P. Astralium Link, 1807. World Register of Marine Species. 2012 [2012-09-09]. 
  3. ^ 国际贝库:白星螺. 台湾贝类资料库. [2009-08-11]. 
  4. ^ {{cite web |url=http://clade.ansp.org/obis/search.php/7197 |work=OBIS |title=Astralium |date=2006-05-17 |access-date=2018-03-13 |language=en

外部連結编辑

  • 星螺屬. Hardy's Internet Guide to Marine Gastropods (英语).