G.R.霍廷

(重定向自G. R. Hawting

杰拉德·R·霍廷(英语:Gerald R. Hawting,1944-)是一位英国历史学者,主攻伊斯兰学

生平编辑

1978年,霍廷取得博士学位,伯纳德·刘易斯约翰·万斯布鲁英语John Wansbrough是霍廷的导师。他曾任伦敦大学亚非学院近东、中东历史教师,现已荣休[1]

研究编辑

他的研究继承导师约翰·万斯布鲁的路线,专注于研究伊斯兰教诞生的宗教背景。他详细研究了记载前伊斯兰时期阿拉伯半岛宗教情况的史料。他认为,伊斯兰教并不像8-9世纪伊斯兰著作中描写的那样,是从多神教的环境中发展起来的,而是在各种一神教相互斗争的基础上发展起来的。

霍廷的另一个研究领域是在伊斯兰教的发展过程中起了重要作用的倭马亚王朝[2],另外他还有研究伊巴德派的著作[3][4][5]。他学术上属于伊斯兰研究的怀疑派英语Revisionist school of Islamic studies

作品编辑

  • The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750 (1986).
  • "John Wansbrough, Islam, and monotheism" (1997).
  • The Idea of Idolatry and the Emergence of Islam: From Polemic to History (1999).

编辑与共同著作的作品:

  • Approaches to the Quran (1993).
  • The Development of Islamic Ritual (2006).

伊巴德派研究著作编辑

  • Hawting, G.R.: (1978) The significance of the slogan Lā Ḥukma illā li'llāh and the references to the Ḥudūd in the Traditions about the Fitna and the murder of ʿUthmān. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (London), vol. 41 (1978), 453–463.
  • Hawting, G.R., J.A. Mojaddedi, A. Samely: (eds.) (2000) Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern texts and traditions in memory of Norman Calder (d. 1998). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement, 12.

来源编辑

  1. ^ Department of History: Professor G R Hawting. SOAS. [20 January 2011]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-30). 
  2. ^ Norman Calder: Review of: The first dynasty of Islam, by G. R. Hawting, in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies Volume 51 Issue 1 (February 1988), p. 131
  3. ^ Hawting, G.R. The significance of the slogan Lā Ḥukma illā li'llāh and the references to the Ḥudūd in the Traditions about the Fitna and the murder of ʿUthmān. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (London). 1978, 41: 453–463. doi:10.1017/s0041977x00117550. 
  4. ^ Hawting, G.R. Mojaddedi, J.A.; Samely, A. , 编. Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern texts and traditions in memory of Norman Calder (d. 1998). Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement (Oxford: Oxford University Press). 2000, 12. 
  5. ^ Custers, Martin H. Al-Ibāḍiyya: A Bibliography, Volume 3 Second revised and enlarged. Hildesheim-London-N.Y.: Olms Publishing. 2016: 313. ISBN 978-3-487-15354-4.