下表显示了國際音標土耳其語的发音的方式。有关在维基百科文章中添加IPA字符的指南,请参见{{IPA-tr}}和维基百科:格式手册/音标 § Notes


IPA 举例 英语
b bebek about
β vücut[1] 类似 vase, 但是用双唇
c şekil[2] skew
d madde ado
ocak jump
f far food
ɡ gam[2] ago
ɟ gerçek[2] argue
h anahtar home
j hayat, eğri[3] yes
k kabak[2] score
l bilinç[4] late
ɫ kulak[2] tail
m cuma much
n nesne not
ɲ engin[5] canyon
ŋ yangın[6] wing
p pazar span
ɾ anahtarlar AmE atom
s sinek send
ʃ kişi shoe
t Türkçe stable
çivi change
v çivi[1] vase
z pazar zone
ʒ jilet leisure
IPA 举例 英语
a kabak father
æ erkek[7] cat
e erkek bed
i çivi creek
o tokmak story
œ özgürlük 有点像 bird
u ruh soup
ɯ kış 有点像 roses
y Türkçe 有点像 cue
IPA 举例
ˈ torbalı [toɾbaˈɫɯ] '带包'
Torbalı [ˈtoɾbaɫɯ] (一个地名)[8]
ː â, î, û,[9] ğ[3] lan [oːˈɫan] 'boy'
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 /v/ surfaces as [β] when either preceded or followed by a rounded vowel (but not when intervocalic).
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 [c~k], [ɟ~ɡ], and [l~ɫ] contrast only in loanwords before â, û vs. a, u. In native words, [c, ɟ, l] occur before front vowels ([æ, e, i, œ, y]) and [k, ɡ, ɫ] occur before back vowels ([a, o, u, ɯ]); word-finally or preconsonantally, [c, ɟ, l] occur after front vowels and [k, ɡ, ɫ] occur after back vowels.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 In Turkish, the letter ğ (also called yumuşak g, 'soft g') indicates a number of different sounds, depending on context:
    • in syllable-initial positions, is silent and indicates a syllable break, for example: ağır ('heavy') [aˈɯɾ], ağa ('Agha') [aˈa].
    • in other positions, indicates the lengthening of the preceding vowel, for example: dağ ('mountain') [daː], doğru ('true') [doːɾu].
      • if the lengthened vowel is /e/, it sounds like [j], for example: eğlence ('fun') [ejlænˈdʒe]
    • in proper names where it may appear following a consonant, it is treated as a g, for example: Olğun [oɫˈɡun]
  4. ^ [l] is more accurately described as palatalized postalveolar [ʎ̟], but it is conventionally transcribed with ⟨l⟩.
  5. ^ [ɲ] appears as an allophone of /n/ before the consonants [ɟ] and [c].
  6. ^ [ŋ] appears as an allophone of /n/ before the consonants [ɡ] and [k].
  7. ^ Allophone of /e/ before sonorants [l, m, n, ɾ] in the same syllable, and in the suffix -mez.
  8. ^ In Turkish proper, proper nouns are typically stressed on the second or third last syllable (see Sezer stress), and other words (excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses) are stressed on the last syllable.
  9. ^ Düzeltme işareti (Turkish for "correction mark") ˆ is a sign which indicates both the vowel length and indicates if the letter k represents [c], the letter g represents [ɟ] or the letter l represents [l] before back vowels [a] and [u].
    Yet the düzeltme işareti is used primarily to indicate palatalization, instead of length. For example, the word katil means "murder" when it is pronounced as [kaˈtil], but it means "killer" when it is pronounced as [kaːˈtil]. The letter a is left unmarked even if it is long because the sound /k/ does not become /c/ in this case.
    î is an exception, as it indicates only the vowel length.