^ 1.01.1The contrast between [ɣ] and [w] is lost before rounded vowels, and the two phonemes merge then as [w]. Some orthographies of Haitian Creole follow the etymology of the word by using ⟨r⟩ for [w] before a rounded vowel if it comes from an original [ɣ]: gro[ɡwo] ('big' cf. French gros[ɡʁo]). The official orthography follows the modern pronunciation of the word and uses ⟨w⟩ for [w] in all cases and so [ɡwo] is spelled ⟨gwo⟩.
^When [n] follows an oral vowel, a grave accent⟨`⟩ is written on the vowel before ⟨n⟩: ⟨èn⟩ represents [ɛn], ⟨òn⟩ represents [ɔn], and ⟨àn⟩ represents [an]. The oral pronunciation occurs also when ⟨n⟩ is followed by another vowel.