下列图表展示了在维基百科条目中用國際音標(IPA)表示那不勒斯语发音的方式。对于有关在维基百科条目中添加IPA字符的指南,请参见{{IPA-nap}}与Wikipedia:格式手册/音标 § Notes

IPA 示例 英语中的相同或近似发音
b banca, campagna, abbrile[2][3] bike
d dint’â casa, verde[3] done
dz pensiero, canzone, cazetta[3][4][5] dads
maggìa, Francia[2][3] jab
f fatto, fernuto fast
ɡ[6] gatto, negro, manco[3] gas
ɡj[6] ɟ[7] agghiaià, banchiero[3] ague
ʝ famiglia, guaglione[2] 略像 yes,但是更强,或 ague
k puorco, quanno scar
kj c[7] chiesa, muschià masculine
l auciello, luglio[8] lip 或 feel
m maggìa, ammore[9] mother
ɱ infierno[9] symphony
n monte, pensiero[9] nest
ŋ songo, cinco[9] singing
ɲ cugnato, ogne[2] 略像 canyon
p primmo, coppia spin
r grotta, sciore, camorra 颤音r
s sano, presenza, stato[5] sorry
ʃ rascia, pesce, scarparo[2][5] ship
t tanto, rete, fatto star
ts zùccaro, miezzo, pazienza[4] cats
auciello, cerasa, faccia 近似介于 watch 和 wash 之间[10]
v vufero, spavetto, vraccio vent
z snodo, sdignata[5] zipper
ʒ sbagliato, sveglia[5] vision
IPA 示例 英语中的相同或近似发音
j iennaro/jennaro, auciello, cchiù, paisano you
w fuoco, guaglione, caulo wine
IPA 示例 英语中的相同或近似发音
a æ[7] sciaurato, campagna manner
e viento, pecché 略像 pay,但是更短
ɛ spavetto, dente[12] bed
ə nùmmero, coppia, pecché[13] again
i primmo, insieme see,但是更短
o compongo, coppia law (标准英音),但是更短
ɔ còmmodo, Maronna[12] off
u urdemo, nùmmero, Napule tool,但是更短
ɑː ɐː
sciaurato, Napule father 或 bad
insieme, peso late
ɛː scena, vero bear (标准英音) 或 late
tipo, zie see
ammore, dint’ô sciore law (标准英音) 或 low
ɔː soje, cose dog 或 low
ajute, fernuto tool
ɨ[7] [比如?] roses
IPA 示例 解释
ˈ cozze [ˈkɔttsə] 主重音
ˌ lievemente [ˌljevəˈmɛndə] 次重音
. diamante [di.aˈmandə] 音节中断

注释 编辑

  1. ^ If a consonant is doubled after a vowel, it is geminated; all consonants can be geminated except for /z/ and /ʒ/. In IPA, gemination can be represented either by doubling the consonant (fatto [ˈfattə], miezzo [ˈmjettsə]) or by the length marker ⟨ː⟩. Neapolitan, like standard Italian, also has a sandhi phenomenon called syntactic gemination, usually represented graphically: e.g. è ssoje [ˌɛ sˈsɔːjə].
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 /b/, /dʒ/, /ʝ/, /ɲ/ and /ʃ/ are always geminated after a vowel.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 After a nasal, /c/, /p/, /t/, /tʃ/, /k/ and /ts/ are replaced by their voiced counterparts [ɟ], [b], [d], [dʒ], [ɡ], [dz].
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 When not preceded by n, z can represent either /dz/ or /ts/, according to the cases.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 s is pronounced:
    • /s/ when geminated or when not preceded by n and followed by t, a vowel or a semivowel;
    • /ʃ/ when followed by any voiceless consonant except t;
    • /z/ when followed by n, d, r or l;
    • /ʒ/ when followed by any voiced consonant except n, d, r or l;
    • /dz/ when preceded by n.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 If the two characters ⟨ɡ⟩ and   do not match and if the first looks like a ⟨γ⟩, then you have an issue with your default font. See Help:IPA § Rendering issues.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Chiefly occurring in Apulian dialects.
  8. ^ Might be slightly velarized [ɫ].
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/ is a velar [ŋ] and the one in /nf/~/nv/ is a labiodental [ɱ]. A nasal before /b/ and /m/ is always the labial [m].
  10. ^ When not geminated nor following another consonant, /tʃ/ tends to be pronounced [ʃ].
  11. ^ Two diphthongs, uo /wo(ː)/ and ie /je(ː)/, are always stressed, unless they are at the very end of a word.
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Open-mid vowels /ɛ ɔ/ can only appear when the syllable is stressed.
  13. ^ After the stressed syllable, /a e o/ change to [ə]. This sound is sometimes also found before the stressed syllable and spelled e, as is fernì [fərˈni].
  14. ^ Vowels are long when stressed in non-final open syllables: casa [ˈkɑːsə] ~ cassa [ˈkassə], or when compounds of preposition a and an article: a + ’o = ô.