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IEEE電腦先鋒獎 (英語:IEEE Computer Pioneer Award) 是由IEEE電腦學會英语IEEE Computer Society理事會於1981年設立,旨在表彰與榮耀那些具有遠見、致力於電腦產業創新,並持續為電腦產業注入活力的人。這個獎項頒發給至少在十五年前就主要貢獻於電腦領域的觀念與發展的傑出個人。電腦學會會特別將榮譽事項刻在銀製的獎章上。[1]

IEEE電腦先鋒獎
IEEE Computer Pioneer Award
授予对象 在電腦領域的觀念與發展具有傑出貢獻的人
国家或地区  美國
主办单位 IEEE計算機學會[*]
首次颁发 1981
官方网站 IEEE電腦先鋒獎官網

這獎項邀請所有該專業領域的成員來提名他們認為最有資格獲獎的同儕。 提名截止日期為每年的10月15日。

這個獎項分為兩種:

  • 電腦先鋒特別獎獲獎人 - 在這個獎項成立典禮時頒發,主要對象是在1981年以前就已獲得IEEE電腦學會獎項,並符合現有電腦先鋒獎獲獎準則的個人。 
  • 電腦先鋒獎獲獎人 - 從1981年後每年頒發獲獎的個人。

電腦先鋒特別獎獲獎人编辑

獲獎者 主要貢獻 參考文獻
霍華德·艾肯 大型自動化計算 [2]
薩繆爾·N·亞歷山大英语Samuel N. Alexander SEAC英语SEAC (computer) [2]
吉恩·阿姆達爾 大型電腦架構 [2]
約翰·巴科斯 FORTRAN語言 [2]
羅伯特·S·巴頓英语Robert S. Barton Language-Directed Architecture [2]
戈登·貝爾英语C. Gordon Bell 電腦設計 [2]
佛瑞德·布魯克斯 相容的電腦系統家族/IBM360 [2]
韋斯利·A·克拉克英语Wesley A. Clark 第一部個人電腦 [2]
費南多·柯巴托 分時系統 [2]
西摩·R·克雷英语Seymour R. Cray Scientific Computer Systems [2]
艾茲赫爾·戴克斯特拉 Multiprogramming Control [2]
約翰·皮斯普·埃克特 第一台全電子式電腦: ENIAC [2]
傑·萊特·福雷斯特英语Jay W. Forrester First Large-Scale Coincident Current Memory [2]
赫曼·戈爾德史泰英语Herman H. Goldstine 早期電腦設計的貢獻 [2]
理察·衛斯里·漢明 糾錯碼 [2]
金·赫爾尼英语Jean A. Hoerni 平面半導體製造程序 [2]
葛麗絲·霍普 Automatic Programming [2]
阿爾斯通·斯科特·胡澤霍爾德英语Alston S. Householder 數值分析方法 [2]
大衛·霍夫曼 Sequential Circuit Design [2]
肯尼斯·艾佛森 APL語言 [2]
湯姆·基爾本英语Tom Kilburn Paging Computer Design [2]
高德納 Science of Computer Algorithms [2]
赫曼·盧考夫英语Herman Lukoff 早期電子式電腦電路 [2]
約翰·莫奇利 第一台全電子式電腦 : ENIAC [2]
高登·摩爾 積體電路製造技術 [2]
艾倫·紐厄爾 人工智慧的貢獻 [2]
羅伯特·諾伊斯 積體電路製造技術 [2]
勞倫斯·羅伯茲英语Lawrence G. Roberts 封包交換 [2]
喬治·R·斯蒂比茲英语George R. Stibitz 第一個遠端運算 [2]
什穆埃爾·威諾格拉德英语Shmuel Winograd Efficiency of Computational Algorithms [2]
莫里斯·威爾克斯 Microprogramming [2]
康拉德·楚澤 第一台行程控制電腦 [2]

電腦先鋒獎獲獎者编辑

年份 獲獎者 主要貢獻 參考文獻
2019 勞拉·M·哈斯英语Laura Haas For pioneering innovations in the architecture of federated databases and in the integration of data from multiple, heterogeneous sources. [2]
希特德拉·馬利克英语Jitendra Malik For a leading role in developing Computer Vision into a thriving discipline through pioneering research, leadership, and mentorship. [2]
2018 芭芭拉·利斯科夫 for "pioneering data abstraction, polymorphism, and support for fault tolerance and distributed computing in the programming languages CLU and Argus." [2]
(source)
比雅尼·史特勞斯特魯普 For pioneering C++. [2]
2016 葛來迪·布區 For pioneering work in Object Modeling that led to the creation of the Unified Modeling Language (UML). [2]
2015 邁克爾·J·弗林英语Michael J. Flynn For more than 50 years of leadership including the creation of TCCA and SIGARCH. [2]
2015 彼得·考格英语Peter Kogge For developing algorithms for recurrence, development of the multi-core microprocessor chip and the formalization of methods for designing the control of a computer pipeline. [2]
2014 林納斯·托瓦茲 For pioneering development of the Linux kernel using the open-source approach. [2]
2013 愛德華·費根鮑姆 For development of the basic principles and methods of knowledge-based systems and their practical applications. [2]
2012 克里夫·莫勒爾 For improving the quality of mathematical software, making it more accessible and creating MATLAB. [2]
2011 大衛·庫克 For pioneering parallel architectures including the Illiac IV, the Burroughs BSP, and Cedar; and, for revolutionary parallel compiler technology including Parafrase and KAP Tools. [2]
2009 珍·E·薩姆梅特英语Jean E. Sammet For pioneering work and lifetime achievement as one of the first developers and researchers in programming languages. [2]
琳·康維 For contributions to superscalar architecture, including multiple-issue dynamic instruction scheduling, and for the innovation and widespread teaching of simplified VLSI design methods. [2]
2008 珍·巴蒂克英语Jean Bartik Programmer including co-leading the first teams of ENIAC programmers, and pioneering work on BINAC and UNIVAC I [2]
艾華·J·麥克盧斯基英语Edward J. McCluskey sign and synthesis of digital systems over five decades, including the first algorithm for logic synthesis (the Quine-McCluskey method) [2]
卡爾·亞當·佩特里 Petri net theory (1962) and then parallel and distributed computing [2]
2006 Mamoru Hosaka Computing in Japan [2]
阿諾德·斯皮爾伯格英语Arnold Spielberg Real-time data acquisition and recording that significantly contributed to the definition of modern feedback and control processes [2]
2004 法蘭·艾倫 Theory and practice of compiler optimization [2]
2003 馬丁·理察德 System software portability through the programming language BCPL widely influential and used in academia and industry for a variety of prominent system software [2]
2002 泊·派克·漢森 Operating systems and concurrent programming, exemplified by work on the RC 4000 multiprogramming system, monitors, and Concurrent Pascal [2]
鮑伯·貝默英语Robert Bemer ASCII, ASCII-alternate sets, and escape sequences [2]
2001 維儂·沙茨英语Vernon Schatz Electronic Funds Transfer which made possible computer to computer commercial transactions via the banking system [2]
威廉·H·布里奇英语William Bridge Computer and communications technology in the GE DATANET-30 [2]
2000 哈羅德·勞森 Inventing the pointer variable and introducing this concept into PL/I [2]
Gennady Stolyarov Minsk series computers' software, of the information systems' software [2]
喬吉·洛帕多英语Georgy Lopato Belarus of the Minsk series computers' hardware, of the multicomputer complexes and of the RV family of mobile computers for heavy field conditions [2]
1999 赫爾伯特·弗里曼英语Herbert Freeman SPEEDAC of Sperry Corporation, and computer graphics and image processing [2]
1998 I·J·古德英语I. J. Good Field of computing as a Cryptologist and statistician during World War II at Bletchley Park, as an early worker and developer of the Colossus at Bletchley Park and on the University of Manchester Mark I, the world's first stored program computer [2]
1997 巴尼·歐菲爾德英语Homer (Barney) Oldfield Banking applications ERMA, and computer manufacturing [2]
貝蒂·霍爾伯頓英语Betty Holberton Sort-merge generator for the Univac and compilation [2]
1996 Angel Angelov Computer science technologies in Bulgaria [2]
理查德·克萊平格英语Richard F. Clippinger Converted the ENIAC to a stored program at Aberdeen Proving Ground [2]
埃德加·科德 Abstract model for database management [2]
Norber Fristacky Digital devices [2]
維克托·米哈伊洛維奇·格盧什科夫 Digital automation of computer architecture [2]
約瑟夫·格魯斯卡英语Jozef Gruska Theory of computing and organizational activities [2][3]
Jiri Horejs Informatics and computer science [2]
盧博米爾·G·伊利耶夫英语Lubomir Georgiev Iliev Computing in Bulgaria; 1st Bulgarian computers; abstract mathematics and software [2]
羅伯特·卡恩 TCP/IP protocols and the Internet program [2]
拉斯洛·卡爾馬英语László Kalmár 1956 logical machine and the design of the MIR computer in Hungary [2]
安東尼基·利恩斯基德语Antoni Kiliński First commercial computers and informatics (computer science) curriculum in Poland, [2]
拉斯洛·卡爾馬英语László Kozmar 1930 relay machines, and early computers in post-war Hungary [2]
瑟吉·亞歷塞維奇·列別捷夫英语Sergey A. Lebedev Computer in the Soviet Union [2]
阿里克謝·利亞普諾夫英语Alexey Lyapunov Soviet cybernetics and programming [2]
羅穆亞爾德·W·馬爾琴斯基英语Romuald W. Marczynski Polish digital computers and computer architecture [2]
格里戈里·C·莫伊西爾英语Grigore C. Moisil Polyvalent logic switching circuits [2]
伊萬·普蘭德英语Ivan Plander Computer hardware technology into Slovakia and the control computer [2]
阿諾德·雷薩卡斯英语Arnold Reitsakas Estonia's computer age [2]
安東寧·斯沃博達英语Antonín Svoboda Computer research in Czechoslovakia and SAPO and EPOS computers [2]
1995 傑拉德·埃斯特林英语Gerald Estrin Early computers [2]
大衛·C·埃文斯英语David C. Evans Computer graphics [2]
巴特勒·蘭普森 Personal Computer [2]
馬文·閔斯基 Artificial intelligence [2]
肯尼思·奧爾森英语Kenneth Olsen Minicomputers [2]
1994 格里特·布勞烏英语Gerrit Blaauw IBM System/360 Series [2]
哈倫·B·米爾斯英语Harlan Mills Structured Programming [2]
丹尼斯·里奇 Unix [2]
肯·湯普遜 [2]
1993 埃里希·布洛赫 High speed computing [2]
傑克·基爾比 Co-inventing the integrated circuit [2]
威利斯·韋爾英语Willis Ware Design of IAS and JOHNNIAC computers [2]
1992 斯蒂芬·鄧威爾英语Stephen W. Dunwell Project stretch [2]
道格拉斯·恩格爾巴特 Human computer interaction [2]
1991 鮑伯·O·埃文斯英语Bob O. Evans Compatible computers [2]
羅伯特·弗洛伊德 Compilers [2]
托馬斯·卡茨英语Thomas E. Kurtz BASIC [2]
1990 維爾納·巴克霍爾茲英语Werner Buchholz Computer architecture [2]
東尼·霍爾 Programming languages definitions [2]
1989 約翰·科克 Instruction pipelining and RISC concepts [2]
詹姆斯·A·魏丹罕默英语James A. Weidenhammer High speed I/O mechanisms [2]
雷夫·帕爾默英语Ralph L. Palmer IBM 604 electronic calculator [2]
米娜·里斯英语Mina S. Rees ONR Computer R&D development beginning in 1946 [2]
Marshall C. Yovits [2]
弗里茨·約阿希姆·威爾英语F. Joachim Weyl [2]
戈登·D·戈爾茨坦英语Gordon D. Goldstein [2]
1988 弗里德里希·L·鮑爾英语Friedrich L. Bauer Computer stacks [2]
馬辛·霍夫英语Marcian Hoff Microprocessor on a chip [2]
1987 羅伯特·埃弗雷特英语Robert R. Everett Whirlwind [2]
雷諾德·B·約翰遜英语Reynold B. Johnson RAMAC [2]
阿圖·薩繆爾英语Arthur Samuel Adaptive non-numeric processing [2]
尼克勞斯·維爾特 Pascal [2]
1986 庫斯伯特·赫爾德英语Cuthbert Hurd Computing [2]
彼得·諾爾 Computer language development [2]
詹姆斯·H·彭梅林內英语James H. Pomerene IAS and Harvest computers [2]
Adriann van Wijngaarden ALGOL 68 [2]
1985 約翰·凱梅尼 BASIC [2]
約翰·麥卡錫 LISP and artificial intelligence [2]
艾倫·佩利 Computer language translation [2]
伊凡·蘇澤蘭 Graphics Sketchpad [2]
大衛·惠勒英语David Wheeler (computer scientist) Assembly language programming [2]
海因茨·澤馬內克英语Heinz Zemanek Computer and computer languages for Mailüfterl [2]
1984 約翰·文森特·阿塔納索夫 Electronic computer with serial memory [2]
傑里爾·A·哈達德英语Jerrier A. Haddad IBM 701 [2]
尼古拉斯·梅特羅波利斯 Solved atomic energy problems on ENIAC [2]
納撒尼爾·羅切斯特 Architecture of IBM 702 electronic data processing machines [2]
威廉姆·范·德·波爾英语Willem van der Poel Serial computer ZEBRA [2]
1982 哈里·赫斯基英语Harry Huskey Parallel computer SWAC [2]
阿圖·布克斯英语Arthur Burks Electronic computer logic design [2]
1981 朱傳榘 Electronic computer logic design [2]

提名辦法编辑

參見编辑

外部連結编辑

参考文献编辑