Keffals

加拿大Twitch直播主,跨性别权益运动人士

克拉拉·索伦蒂(英語:Clara Sorrenti,1994年3月25日[2],网名Keffals,是一名加拿大Twitch主播、跨性别权益运动人士、政治评论者。她还曾作为加拿大共产党候选人参选安大略省大选联邦大选[3][4][5]

Keffals
Personal information
出生 (1994-03-25) 1994年3月25日28歲)
 加拿大安大略省
國籍 加拿大
網站keffals.gg
Twitch 資料
頻道
建立者克拉拉·索伦蒂
活躍年代2021至今
追隨者數量53万
(2022年11月19日)
YouTube 资料
頻道
訂閱量38,100[1]
總观看量1,630,193[1]

更新于2022年11月19日

索伦蒂是一名跨性别女性,在青少年时期开始性别转换。在美国德克萨斯州州长格雷格·阿博特于2022年2月要求州政府机构将任何提供给跨性别青少年英语Transgender youth性别肯定医疗服务(例如青春期阻滞剂激素替代疗法)都视作虐待儿童之后,她开始积极参与跨性别权益运动[6][7][8]。她在Twitch直播中分享评论自己身为一名跨性别女性的经历,还在她的节目中邀请过切尔西·曼宁等人[4]

索伦蒂在2022年开始受到许多骚扰;这些骚扰主要来自于网络论坛Kiwi Farms英语Kiwi Farms[9]。她在网上遭到恶意弃名错称,还有骚扰者故意多次假报警,以致警察多次上门盘查,甚至破门而入,使她在枪口下被警察拘捕。就此她呼吁各大DDos保护提供商停止为Kiwi Farms提供服务,并于2022年9月3日成功促使Cloudflare终止Kiwi Farms的服务,使Kiwi Farms需更換網路供應商。

早年生活编辑

索伦蒂自小起便使用“Keffals”这个网名玩《军团要塞2》和《盖瑞模组》等电子游戏[4]。她在12岁时意识到自己是跨性别者。2013年她18岁时在父母的陪伴下前往泰国接受性别肯定手术[4]。她大学就读于西安大略大学[10]

职业生涯编辑

索伦蒂是一名跨性别权益运动人士。她经常其跨性别身份而遭到骚扰[11][12][13]

政治生涯(2018年至2019年)编辑

索伦蒂曾为加拿大新民主党做过志愿者[3]。2016年唐纳德·特朗普当选美国总统后,她进入加拿大政界并作为加拿大共产党党员参加了2018年安大略省大选2019年加拿大联邦大选,但两次竞选都失败了[4][14][15][13]。在这期间,她是加拿大共产主义青年团安大略省伦敦分会的组织者[16][17]

选举结果编辑

年份 选举职位 选区 政党 得票 结果 参考来源
得票总数 得票率 得票排名
2018 安大略省议员 伦敦北区中心英语London North Centre 加拿大共产党(安大略) 128 0.24% 7th 失败 [18]
2019 加拿大下议院议员 伦敦北区中心英语London North Centre 加拿大共产党(安大略) 137 0.21% 6th 失败 [19][20]

网络生涯(2020年至今)编辑

索伦蒂最初在Twitch直播玩电子游戏,但在2021至2022年间美国各州立法机构推出一波反跨性别法案后,她转而开始直播政治评论。2022年2月,美国德克萨斯州州长格雷格·阿博特要求德克萨斯州政府机构将所有提供给未成年人的性别肯定疗法(例如青春期阻滞剂激素替代疗法)都视作虐待儿童。对此她公开表示反对。同年4月,阿拉巴马州一项法案规定为18岁以下的人士提供性别肯定医疗是重罪[21];对此,索伦蒂说:“这些人他妈的根本就是想让这些(跨性别)孩子自杀。”[4][6][7][8]在4月的一次直播中,她为美国南方LGBTQ+公益组织南方平等运动(英语:Campaign for Southern Equality)筹集了205,000美元的捐款,以帮助和保护跨性别青少年[4]。一个月后,她呼吁关注一名16岁跨性别女孩在Twitch上的直播录像;这名女孩当时正在家中卧室直播玩《我的世界》,中途突然遭到警察闯入搜查,在此之后又被送入寄养机构[22][23][24]。索伦蒂还在她的直播上批评了佛罗里达州莫谈同性恋法以及尤瓦尔迪小学枪击案阴谋论。该阴谋论声称尤瓦尔迪小学枪击案的凶手是跨性别者,并被美国极右翼阴谋论网站信息战和美国共和党众议员保罗·戈萨拉所推广[12]。2022年6月,《华盛顿邮报》记者泰勒·洛伦兹英语Taylor Lorenz的报道将索伦蒂描述为Twitch平台上的一颗冉冉升起的“新星”[4][25]。洛伦兹写道,索伦蒂“放弃了该平台传统的游戏直播模式,转而利用这一平台来讨论新闻和政治话题”。洛伦兹还称,索伦蒂的Twitch直播是“为数不多的能让观众由一名跨性别者之口听到新闻的媒体。”[4][25]

索伦蒂的Twitch账户于2022年7月18日被封禁28天(后减至14天)。封禁原因是她的直播封面上出现了“重复性的仇恨语言或符号”。索伦蒂说,这些所谓仇恨语言是她过去所受到的骚扰的截图而且她是因为“公开谈论(她所受到的)辱骂”而遭到封禁。在封禁期间,她转而到YouTube上直播[12][26]

索伦蒂于2020年12月开始使用推特,并已在该平台上积累了超过10万名粉丝。索伦蒂还以“Ratio英语Twitter_usage#Ratio”其他推特人物而闻名[27]。在英文推特上,若一条推文的回复表达了与原推相对的观点并获得更多赞,则被称为“ratio”。有时推特用户会有意在回复中反对原推的观点,或者直接回复“ratioed”以期获得比原推更多的赞来刻意“ratio”对方[28][29][30]。索伦蒂还与蒂姆·浦尔坎迪斯·歐文斯英语Candace Owens劳伦·萨瑟恩英语Lauren SouthernJ.K.罗琳等公众人物以及前Twitch直播主Destiny英语Destiny (streamer)发生过网络纠纷[4]

索伦蒂用PatreonPayPal等渠道接受粉丝捐款并以此来支持她的直播事业,并用这些钱雇佣了一名编辑和一名图形设计师[4]

遭受骚扰编辑

2022年8月5日,有人向安大略省伦敦市议员发送电子邮件,谎称自己是索伦蒂并意图杀害她的母亲和伦敦市议员,结果索伦蒂遭警察破门而入并被逮捕。该事件导致她的电脑与手机被警察没收。索伦蒂认为这一事件是仇恨犯罪,并称伦敦市警察局在逮捕过程中对她弃名错称[13][27][31]。据她说,警察与她母亲交谈时,将索伦蒂性别错称为她母亲的“儿子”[32][33]。据伦敦市警方的说法,所有对索伦蒂以前名字的使用都是基于她以前与警方的互动记录,而非故意不尊重她[34]加拿大广播公司报道称,警察部门将重新“审视警察是如何对待(她)的”[35]。在这一由假报警导致的逮捕一周前,多伦多还发生了另一起针对索伦蒂的假报警。索伦蒂称,由于和多伦多警察局缺乏联系,伦敦警察局并不知道早先的这一起假报警[36][37]。这一事件发生后,伦敦警察局起草了关于如何对待跨性别嫌疑人的改革方案[38]。更早先时,她被Kiwi Farms英语Kiwi Farms用户人肉搜索,结果她和她家人的个人信息,包括住址和电话号码,都被公开发到了Kiwi Farm上。Kiwi Farm是一个专门讨论和骚扰网上人物和社区的网络论坛。该网站用户还泄露了她的裸露照片并对她发送了死亡威胁[39][40]

该事件发生后,索伦蒂在加拿大环球电视的采访中说道:“我不会退缩。我知道我所作的工作是非常有价值的,而且……几乎每天都有(跨性别者)告诉我说他们因为我而选择向家人出柜”[36]加拿大新民主党党魁驵勉诚就此发推评论道“跨性别者,尤其是跨性别权益运动人士,应该有让自己的声音被众人听到的自由。而不是遭到人肉和假报警骚扰,在警察枪口下遭到逮捕并且反复弃名错称。谁都不应受到这样的待遇。”[41]

在遭到假报警并被警察错误逮捕后,索伦蒂设立了一个GoFundMe众筹活动,为自己搬家和诉讼提供资金[42][41],并表示她将继续自己的直播事业[5]。之后,索伦蒂发推称她的众筹在遭到大量举报之后被GoFundMe平台冻结了[43]。尽管如此,她最终还是搬到了一家宾馆住。2022年8月17日,这家宾馆的位置被人发到Kiwi Farm上,结果这家宾馆又被骚扰者用索伦蒂的弃名所点的披萨外卖给淹没了。索伦蒂认为宾馆的位置是在她于自己的Discord伺服器上发布了一张她的猫的照片后被发现的;这张照片无意之中暴露了这家宾馆所使用的床单图案纹路,使网络骚扰者得以将图片中的床单和当地宾馆的床单一一对照。伦敦市警察局证实他们正在调查此事,同时也在调查另一起人肉未遂事件。在此之后,索伦蒂搬到了一个新的临时地点,并表示她打算每周搬一次地方,直至她找到永久住所[44][45]。她还说她打算在为Kiwi Farm提供服务的Cloudflare旧金山办公室外举办一次针对Kiwi Farm的抗议活动[46]

在她的Uber账户被黑客入侵,一大堆她没点的食物又被送到她门前之后,面临持续不断的骚扰,索伦蒂宣布她将在一至两个月内搬离加拿大,到欧洲某处居住[47]。后来她在搬到北爱尔兰贝尔法斯特之后又遭人肉[48][49]。2022年9月3日,Cloudflare终止了对Kiwi Farms的服务[50]。该网站曾短暂地只能通过洋葱路由访问。索伦蒂在9月6日宣布胜利,称她的运动已成功实现了关闭Kiwi Farms的目标[51][52]。2022年9月6日,The Daily Dot证实一家名为VanwaTech、专为极右翼网站提供服务的科技公司正为Kiwi Farms提供服务,使其得以重新上线[53][54]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 About Keffals. YouTube. 
  2. ^ Birthday on March 25: Age 28 at the time of publishing:
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  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 Lorenz, Taylor. The trans Twitch star delivering news to a legion of LGBTQ teens. The Washington Post. June 26, 2022 [June 26, 2022]. (原始内容存档于August 7, 2022) (英语). She is part of a new class of stars who have abandoned the platform's traditional game-stream format to talk about news and politics. [...] Her stream is one of the few media outlets where viewers can hear the news from a trans person. [...] 'They literally want these kids to f-----g kill themselves,' she said. 'I don't know what the future looks like.' 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Sung, Morgan. Trans Twitch streamer Keffals says she was swatted and arrested by police in Ontario. NBC News. August 11, 2022 [August 11, 2022]. (原始内容存档于August 11, 2022). 
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  43. ^ Clara Sorrenti [@keffalsbackup]. My gofundme so I can move after being victimized by the police after I was swatted got mass reported and my campaign funds are on hold. People can still donate, but the amount of suffering people try to put me through is cruel. I'm contacting gofundme right now. (推文). August 9, 2022 [August 10, 2022]. (原始内容存档于August 9, 2022) –通过Twitter. 
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  45. ^ Khan, Amar. Twitch streamer and trans woman, Clara Sorrenti allegedly doxxed again. Global News. August 17, 2022 [August 18, 2022]. (原始内容存档于August 18, 2022). 
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