Template:Cite sign

文档图示 模板文档[查看] [编辑] [历史] [清除缓存]
引文格式1模板
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv預印本
{{Cite AV media}}影音媒體
{{Cite AV media notes}}影音媒體內頁說明
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv預印本
{{Cite book}}書籍
{{Cite citeseerx}}CiteSeerX論文
{{Cite conference}}會議論文
{{Cite encyclopedia}}引用百科全書的資料
{{Cite episode}}廣播和電視節目
{{Cite interview}}訪談
{{Cite journal}}學術期刊
{{Cite magazine}}雜誌和期刊
{{Cite mailing list}}公共郵件列表
{{Cite map}}地圖
{{Cite news}}新聞報導
{{Cite newsgroup}}線上新聞群組
{{Cite podcast}}博客
{{Cite press release}}新聞稿
{{Cite report}}報告
{{Cite serial}}廣播和電視節目系列
{{Cite sign}}標誌、匾額、銘牌或徽章
{{Cite speech}}演講
{{Cite ssrn}}SSRN論文
{{Cite techreport}}技術報告
{{Cite thesis}}學位論文
{{Cite web}}上述模板未包含的其他網路資料
參見

引文格式1模板用于为signs, plaques, and other non-video visuals创建引文

用法编辑

複製以下其中一個空白的版本來使用。所有參數名稱必須使用小寫。每個參數之間使用“|”(管道)字符分隔。刪除未使用的參數,以避免在編輯窗口出現。某些範例可能包括當前日期。如果不是當前的日期,請清除缓存

例子编辑

{{Cite sign |title=The Underwater Archaeology Centre |year=2006 |type=Plaque outside museum |publisher=The Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology |location=[[Fort Victoria (Isle of Wight)|Fort Victoria]]}}

  • The Underwater Archaeology Centre (Plaque outside museum). Fort Victoria: The Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology. 2006. 

{{cite sign |author=Michigan Historical Marker Program |url=http://www.jacksonmich.com/markers/mark1.htm |title=Under the Oaks |location=Jackson, MI |publisher=[[Michigan Department of Natural Resources]] |date=February 18, 1956 |access-date=July 25, 2010 |medium=Michigan Historical Marker}}

參數编辑

Syntax编辑

嵌套参数依赖于其母参数:

  • 母参数
  • 或者:母参数2—可以代替母参数使用
    • 子参数 —可以与母参数一同使用(若母参数填写,此参数将被忽略)
    • 或者:子参数2—可以代替子参数使用(若母参数2填写,此参数将被忽略)
在列出别名(aliases)的地方,只能定义一个参数;如果定义了多个别名参数(aliased parameters),那么只有一个会被显示。

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

COinS编辑

该模板将COinS英语COinS元数据嵌入HTML输出中,允许文献管理软件检索书目元数据。参见Wikipedia:COinS英语Wikipedia:COinS。通常,每个参数只有一个数据项。不要包含说明性或替代性文字:

  • use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example  , –, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters编辑

Note: This table of metadata is displayed for all Citation Style 1 templates. Not all of these parameters are supported by every CS1 template. Some of these parameters are mutually exclusive, some are aliases of another parameter, and some require other parameters to be present. Please refer to each template's documentation for a full list of supported parameters, their aliases, and their dependencies.

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=, |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=, |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers: |isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc.

Deprecated编辑

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:含有过时参数的引用的页面.

Description编辑

Authors编辑

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last, author, authors, last1, author1
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first, first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. Aliases: last1, author1 through last9, author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink, authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: authorlink1, author1-link through authorlink9, author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by John Smith" or "Translated by John Smith."
When using Template:Sfnote or Template:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title编辑

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date编辑

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in article references should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher编辑

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume编辑

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

URL编辑

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor编辑

Identifiers编辑

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

Quote编辑

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors编辑

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last, editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link, editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary编辑

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options编辑

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; example: |display-authors=2; "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required编辑

Template:Citation Style documentation/registration

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData编辑

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Cite sign模板数据

This template is used to create citations for signs, plaques, and other non-video visuals, using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
URLurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

字符串可选
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes

字符串必填
Last namelastlast1authorauthor1authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

可选
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

可选
Author linkauthorlinkauthorlink1author-linkauthor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

页面名可选
Last namelast2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

可选
First namefirst2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

页面名可选
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

字符串必填
Workwork

Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

字符串可选
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

字符串可选
Newspapernewspaper

Name of the newspaper; displays after title

字符串可选
URL access dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

字符串可选
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

字符串可选
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

字符串可选
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

字符串可选
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

字符串可选
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

可选
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

可选
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

页面名可选
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

字符串可选
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

字符串可选
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

字符串可选
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

字符串可选
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

字符串可选
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

字符串可选
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

字符串可选
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

字符串可选
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

字符串可选
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

字符串可选
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

字符串可选
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

字符串可选
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

字符串可选
Translated titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

字符串可选
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

字符串可选
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

字符串可选
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

字符串可选
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

字符串可选
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

字符串可选
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

字符串可选
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

字符串可选
DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

字符串可选
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

字符串可选
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

字符串可选
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

字符串可选
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

字符串可选
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

字符串可选
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

字符串可选
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

字符串可选
OLol

Open Library identifier

字符串可选
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

字符串可选
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

字符串可选
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

字符串可选
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

字符串可选
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

字符串可选
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

字符串可选
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

字符串可选
Archive URLarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

字符串可选
Archive datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

字符串可选
Dead URLdeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

字符串可选
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

字符串可选
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

字符串可选
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
.
字符串可选
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

默认值
.
字符串可选
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

字符串可选
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

字符串可选
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

字符串可选
Last namelast3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

可选
First namefirst3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

页面名可选
Last namelast4author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

可选
First namefirst4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

页面名可选
Last namelast5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

可选
First namefirst5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

页面名可选
Last namelast6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

可选
First namefirst6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

页面名可选
Last namelast7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

可选
First namefirst7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

页面名可选
Last namelast8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

可选
First namefirst8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

页面名可选
Last namelast9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

可选
First namefirst9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

页面名可选
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字符串可选
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
,
字符串可选
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
;
字符串可选
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors'

默认值
8
数值可选
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

字符串可选