Template:Coronavirus characteristics comparison

MERS-CoV、SARS-CoV與SARS-CoV-2病毒造成的疾病比較
MERS-CoV SARS-CoV SARS-CoV-2
疾病 MERS SARS COVID-19
疫情 2012年2015年2018年英语2018 Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak SARS疫情 COVID-19疫情
首例時間 2012年6月 2002年11月 2019年12月[1]
首例地點 沙烏地阿拉伯吉达 中國廣東顺德 中國湖北武汉
平均年齡 56 44[2][a] 56[3]
性別比(男:女) 3.3:1 0.8:1[4] 1.6:1[3]
確診數 2494 8096[5] 526,228,343
死亡數 858 774[5] 6,278,929
死亡率 37% 9.2% 2.2%
症狀
發燒 98% 99–100% 87.9%[6]
乾咳 47% 29–75% 67.7%[6]
呼吸困难 72% 40–42% 18.6%[6]
腹瀉 26% 20–25% 3.7%[6]
喉嚨痛 21% 13–25% 13.9%[6]
呼吸机使用 24.5%[7] 14–20% 4.1%[8]

  1. ^ 基於香港的病例統計資料

参考资料

  1. ^ Wang, Chen; Horby, Peter W; Hayden, Frederick G; Gao, George F. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet. 2020-02, 395 (10223): 470–473. PMC 7135038可免费查阅. PMID 31986257. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9 (英语). 
  2. ^ Lau, Eric HY; Hsiung, C Agnes; Cowling, Benjamin J; Chen, Chang-Hsun; Ho, Lai-Ming; Tsang, Thomas; Chang, Chiu-Wen; Donnelly, Christl A; Leung, Gabriel M. A comparative epidemiologic analysis of SARS in Hong Kong, Beijing and Taiwan. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2010-12, 10 (1): 50. ISSN 1471-2334. PMC 2846944可免费查阅. PMID 20205928. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-50 (英语). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Old age, sepsis tied to poor COVID-19 outcomes, death. CIDRAP英语CIDRAP, University of Minnesota. [29 March 2020]. 
  4. ^ Karlberg, J. Do Men Have a Higher Case Fatality Rate of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome than Women Do?. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2004-02-01, 159 (3): 229–231. ISSN 0002-9262. PMC 7110237可免费查阅. PMID 14742282. doi:10.1093/aje/kwh056 (英语). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Summary of probable SARS cases with onset of illness from 1 November 2002 to 31 July 2003. World Health Organization. April 2004. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) (PDF). World Health Organization. February 2020. 
  7. ^ Oh, Myoung-don; Park, Wan Beom; Park, Sang-Won; Choe, Pyoeng Gyun; Bang, Ji Hwan; Song, Kyoung-Ho; Kim, Eu Suk; Kim, Hong Bin; Kim, Nam Joong. Middle East respiratory syndrome: what we learned from the 2015 outbreak in the Republic of Korea. The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine. 2018-02-27, 33 (2): 233–246. ISSN 1226-3303. PMC 5840604可免费查阅. PMID 29506344. doi:10.3904/kjim.2018.031 (English). 
  8. ^ Ñamendys-Silva, Silvio A. Respiratory support for patients with COVID-19 infection. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 2020-04, 8 (4): e18. PMC 7129706可免费查阅. PMID 32145829. doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30110-7 (英语).