User:Aizag/暫存區49

軸心軍入侵南斯拉夫的部隊配置圖。

本條目羅列出軸心國軍入侵南斯拉夫之戰中的戰鬥序列,即第二次世界大戰期間的1941年4月6日起參與該戰役的德國國防軍武裝親衛隊義大利軍以及匈牙利國防軍之所有作戰單位編組。德軍部隊為第2軍團英语2nd Army (Wehrmacht)第12軍團英语12th Army (Wehrmacht)之一部、一支裝甲兵團英语1st Panzer Army以及相關的空軍支援部隊,共計有18個師,包括5個裝甲師、2個摩托化步兵師、2個山地師、2個裝備優異的獨立摩托化步兵團,以及得到超過800架飛機的支援。義軍兵力包括第2軍團英语Second Army (Italy)第9軍團英语Ninth Army (Italy),共計有22個師,另外還有義大利皇家空軍英语Regia Aeronautica超過650架的空中武力支援。匈牙利也派出第3軍團英语Third Army (Hungary)與其空軍英语Hungarian Air Force參戰。

軸心國軍在入侵開始前就已對南斯拉夫王國呈包圍態勢,由1個摩托化師、1個山地師和2個步兵軍組成的德軍第2軍團於匈牙利西南部與奧地利東南部集結兵力,即將向南方與東方進發。第12軍團下轄的1個摩托化軍也於保加利亞的索非亞集中,連同第1裝甲兵團的1個摩托化軍共同肩負打擊南軍派駐於東部邊境沿線的最強部隊之任務。另有1個摩托化步兵軍佈署於羅馬尼亞西部的蒂米什瓦拉一地,準備南下攻進巴納特地區。由1個快速軍(義大利語celere)、1個摩托化軍和3個步兵軍組成的義大利軍第2軍團則佈署於義大利東北方,將南進沿著達爾馬提亞沿海岸挺進。義大利第9軍團轄有2個軍和位在阿爾巴尼亞北部的一處衛戍指揮部。匈牙利第3軍團則匯集於多瑙河蒂薩河間的匈南邊境,目標是奪取巴奇卡巴蘭尼亞地區。

德義匈三國空軍也駐於奧地利、義大利、匈牙利南部、羅馬尼亞南部、保加利亞西部和阿爾巴尼亞為入侵部隊提供空中支援,共超過1500架飛機。海上則交由義大利海軍提供少數驅逐艦在亚得里亚海沿岸支援。

德軍编辑

陸軍编辑

德軍部隊用於進攻南斯拉夫者共投入了超過337,000人,以及2,000門迫擊砲、1,500門火砲、1,100門反戰車砲、875輛戰車和另外740輛的各式裝甲戰鬥車輛[1],由瓦尔特·冯·布劳希奇元帥任陸軍總指揮[2]

第2軍團编辑

 
德軍的SFH 18榴彈砲,被大量用於入侵南斯拉夫的行動中。

第2軍團由一級上將马克西米连·冯·魏克斯指揮,下轄1個摩托化軍、1個山地軍和2個步兵軍,佈署於匈牙利西南方和奧地利南部英语Austria in the time of National Socialism[3][4]第52步兵軍英语LII Corps (Germany)在集結時延遲,原先也只拿來作預備隊[5]。根據軍事歷史學者什利柏(Schreiber)、史泰克曼(Stegemann)和沃葛爾(Vogel)的資料,原計畫第2軍團將會有3個裝甲師、4個步兵師和以及1個摩托化步兵師的強大預備隊,但他們最終沒有用於南斯拉夫之戰中[6],而根據尼霍斯特(Niehorster)的說法,這些師事實上是用作戰區預備隊,或投入指定單位編組之用[7][8] [註 1],第2軍團還另有獨立的3個架橋營以及1個道路修築營的支援[8]

第46摩托化軍有著3個摩托化重砲營、1個摩托化工兵營、1個道路修築營、6個架橋小隊以及2個隸屬空軍防空營。第49山地軍下轄2個摩托化重砲營和1個道路修築營。第51步兵軍下轄7個摩托化重砲營、2個突擊砲營、2個摩托化工兵營、2個架橋營、2個道路修築營和12個架橋小隊[8]

第2軍團編成[6]
軍長 駐地 下轄師
匈牙利西南部瑙吉考尼饒[9]
第8裝甲師
第14裝甲師英语14th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)
第16摩托化步兵師英语16th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
步兵上將路德維克·屈布勒英语Ludwig Kübler
奧地利克拉根福東南方
第1山地師
第79步兵師英语79th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)[註 2]
第538國境衛戍師英语538th Frontier Guard Division (Wehrmacht)
奧地利萊布尼茨
第101獵兵師英语101st Jäger Division (Wehrmacht)[註 3]
第132步兵師英语132nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
第183步兵師英语183rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
第52步兵軍[註 4]
奧地利萊布尼茨
第125步兵師英语125th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)[註 5]

第12軍團编辑

 
An eight-wheeled Sd.Kfz. 231 armoured car of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler in Yugoslav Macedonia in 1941

第12軍團由威廉·利斯特元帥指揮[10],下轄1個山地、3個步兵和2個摩托化軍[11][a]。第12軍團大部兵力都由李斯特指揮、兵力佈署於保加利亞-希臘邊境,準備投入進攻希臘的行動[13],只有兩個摩托化軍用於進攻南斯拉夫。在第一階段入侵展開後,第1裝甲兵團也被指派到第12軍團麾下[11]

第40摩托化軍的支援單位包括1個摩托化反戰車營、3個摩托化重砲營、2個摩托化工兵營、2個架橋營和3個摩托化架橋縱隊。第41摩托化軍則是2個摩托化重砲營和1個摩托化工兵營[12]

第12軍團中派至南斯拉夫的軍級單位[11][12]
軍長 駐地 師/團
保加利亞索非亞西南方丘斯滕迪爾
第9裝甲師
第73步兵師英语73rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
親衛隊「阿道夫·希特勒警衛旗隊」師
親衛隊「國家」摩托化步兵師
「大德意志」摩托化步兵團


第1裝甲兵團编辑

 
German Panzer III tank in Yugoslavia, 1941

第1裝甲兵團由一級上將埃瓦尔德·冯·克莱斯特指揮,根據什利柏、史泰克曼和沃葛爾的資料,該兵團下轄第14摩托化軍英语XIV Panzer Corps,該軍包括2個裝甲師、1個山地師、1個摩托化步兵師和1個步兵師[11]。According to Niehorster, the XLI Motorised Corps was also assigned to First Panzer Group.[12][b] It assembled northwest of 索菲亞, Bulgaria.[11]

第1裝甲兵團編成[11]
軍長
第14摩托化軍
General der Infanterie
Gustav Anton von Wietersheim
第5裝甲師
第11裝甲師英语11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)
第294步兵師英语294th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
第4山地師英语4th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)
第60摩托化步兵師英语60th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

First Panzer Group was supported by one motorised heavy artillery battalion, one motorised pioneer battalion, one pioneer battalion, two bridging battalions and two bridging columns. Supporting units of XIV Motorised Corps included two motorised heavy artillery battalions, a motorised pioneer battalion, two bridging columns and one Luftwaffe motorised anti-aircraft battalion.[12]

空軍编辑

The Luftwaffe operated out of bases in Austria, Romania and Bulgaria during the invasion of Yugoslavia. In total, the Germans had over 809 aircraft available to support the invasion of Yugoslavia, more than half of which were positioned in Bulgaria to support the simultaneous invasion of Greece. In total, the Germans fielded 296 战斗机, 89 light bombers, 26 medium bombers and 23 reconnaissance aircraft, and more than 318 俯冲轰炸机s and 57 heavy fighters. In addition, a reconnaissance squadron equipped with Henschel Hs 126 two-seater reconnaissance aircraft was attached to most of the corps headquarters and every panzer division of the German ground forces.[14][15] Luftwaffe anti-aircraft units were also attached to the German land forces.[15]

第4航空艦隊编辑

 
Junkers Ju 88A divebombers were operated by the 51st Bomber Wing

The Luftwaffe 4th Air Fleet ([Luftflotte] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 IV) was commanded by General der Flieger (Lieutenant General) Alexander Löhr, had its headquarters in 維也納,[16] and direct command units based on airfields in western Austria. These units included one squadron ([Staffel] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助) of the 121st Reconnaissance Group ([Aufklärungsgruppe] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 121), the entire 51st Bomber Wing ([Kampfgeschwader] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 51, KG 51), and four bomber groups ([Kampfgruppen] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助) drawn from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Bomber Wings (KG 2, KG 3 and KG 4). In total, the 4th Air Fleet had 25 medium bombers, 89 light bombers, 55 dive bombers, 6 reconnaissance aircraft and 1 heavy fighter available in Austria to support the invasion of Yugoslavia.[14][15]

Composition of 4th Air Fleet[14] [15]
Unit Location Aircraft type
4th Squadron/121st Long Range Reconnaissance Group 6 × Ju 88轟炸機D Long-range photo-reconnaissance aircraft
1 × Bf 110戰鬥機C heavy fighter
Headquarters 2nd Bomber Wing 6 × Do 17轟炸機Z light bombers
I Group/2nd Bomber Wing
Zwölfaxing
28 × Dornier Do 17Z light bombers
III Group/2nd Bomber Wing
Zwölfaxing
29 × Dornier Do 17Z light bombers
III Group/3rd Bomber Wing 26 × Dornier Do 17Z light bombers
II Group/4th Bomber Wing 25 × He 111轟炸機P medium bombers
Headquarters 51st Bomber Wing 1 × Junkers Ju 88A dive bomber
I Group/51st Bomber Wing
Wiener Neustadt
17 × Junkers Ju 88A dive bombers
II Group/51st Bomber Wing
Wiener Neustadt
18 × Junkers Ju 88A dive bombers
III Group/51st Bomber Wing 19 × Junkers Ju 88A dive bombers

「格拉茲」航空特遣隊编辑

Fliegerführer Graz was commanded by Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Karl Christ, commander of the 3rd Dive Bomber Wing ([Sturzkampfgeschwader] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 3, StG 3). It was located in 格拉茨, Austria, and consisted of the headquarters and II Group of StG 3, the headquarters and II Group ([Jagdgruppe] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助) of the 54th Fighter Wing ([Jagdgeschwader] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 54, JG 54) (less one squadron), and I Group of the 27th Fighter Wing (JG 27). In total, Fliegerführer Graz had 54 fighters, 1 medium bomber and 35 dive bombers available to support the invasion of Yugoslavia.[14][15]

Composition of Fliegerführer Graz[14][15]
Unit Aircraft type
Headquarters 3rd Dive Bomber Wing 1 × Ju 87俯衝轟炸機B dive bomber
1 x Heinkel He 111H medium bomber
II Group/3rd Dive Bomber Wing 34 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
Headquarters 54th Fighter Wing 3 × Bf 109戰鬥機E fighters
II Group/54th Fighter Wing (part) 24 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
I Group/27th Fighter Wing 27 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters

「阿拉德」航空特遣隊编辑

Fliegerführer Arad was commanded by Oberstleutnant Clemens Graf von Schönborn-Wiesentheid, commander of the 77th Dive Bomber Wing (StG 77). With its headquarters in 阿拉德, it consisted of the headquarters, I and III Groups of StG 77, headquarters, II and III Groups of the 77th Fighter Wing (JG 77), one squadron of II Group of JG 54, III Group of JG 54 and I Group of the 26th Heavy Fighter Wing ([Zerstörergeschwader] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 26, ZG 26). In total, Fliegerführer Arad had 116 fighters, 31 heavy fighters and 68 dive bombers available to support the invasion of Yugoslavia.[14][15]

Composition of Fliegerführer Arad[14][15]
Unit Location Aircraft type
Headquarters 77th Dive Bomber Wing
Arad
3 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
4 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
I Group/77th Dive Bomber Wing
Arad
33 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
1 × Messerschmitt Bf 110C heavy fighter
III Group/77th Dive Bomber Wing
Arad
32 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
Headquarters 77th Fighter Wing 6 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
II Group/77th Fighter Wing
代塔
34 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
III Group/77th Fighter Wing
代塔
33 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
4th Squadron/II Group/54th Fighter Wing
Arad
Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
III Group/54th Fighter Wing
Arad
39 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
I Group/26th Heavy Fighter Wing
塞格德, Hungary
30 × Messerschmitt Bf 110C/D heavy fighters

第8航空軍编辑

 
Henschel Hs 123 dive bombers were operated by the 10th Dive Bomber Squadron of the 2nd Demonstration Wing

The VIII Air Corps ([Fliegerkorps] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 VIII) was commanded by General der Flieger 沃尔弗拉姆·冯·里希特霍芬, who had operational control of all air operations for the invasion.[16] With its headquarters in Gorna Dzhumaya, Bulgaria, it was based at various airfields in western Bulgaria, and consisted of one squadron of the 11th Reconnaissance Group, the headquarters, I and II Groups of the 2nd Dive Bomber Wing (StG 2), I Group of StG 3, the headquarters, II and III Groups of the 27th Fighter Wing, a fighter group and a ground attack group from the 1st Demonstration Wing ([Lehrgeschwader] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 1, LG 1), and a reinforced dive bomber group from the 2nd Demonstration Wing. In total, the VIII Air Corps had 126 fighters and 17 reconnaissance aircraft, and more than 25 heavy fighters and 160 dive bombers available to support the invasions of both Yugoslavia and Greece.[14][15]

Composition of VIII Air Corps[14][15]
Unit Location Aircraft type
Headquarters 2nd Dive Bomber Wing 4 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
6 × Dornier Do 17P long-range photo-reconnaissance aircraft
I Group/2nd Dive Bomber Wing
Belitsa and Krainici
30 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
9 × Junkers Ju 87R long-range dive bombers
III Group/2nd Dive Bomber Wing
Belitsa and Krainici
35 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
I Group/3rd Dive Bomber Wing
Belitsa
30 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
9 × Junkers Ju 87R long-range dive bombers
I Group/1st Dive Bomber Wing
Krainici
23 × Junkers Ju 87R long-range dive bombers
II Dive Bomber Group/2nd Demonstration Wing 23 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
10th Dive Bomber Squadron/2nd Demonstration Wing
Krainici
20 × Hs 123俯衝轟炸機A biplane dive bomber
II Group/26th Heavy Fighter Wing
Kraishte and Vrazhdebna
25 × Messerschmitt Bf 110C/E heavy fighters
Headquarters 27th Fighter Wing
Belitsa and 索菲亞
5 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
II Group/27th Fighter Wing
Belitsa and Sofia
37 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
III Group/27th Fighter Wing
Belitsa and Sofia
39 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
I Fighter Group/2nd Demonstration Wing
Vrazhdebna
22 × Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters
I Group/1st Demonstration Wing
Vrazhdebna
Junkers Ju88A dive bombers
2nd Squadron/11th Long Range Reconnaissance Group
Sofia
11 × Dornier Do 17P long-range photo-reconnaissance aircraft
7th Squadron/2nd Demonstration Wing
Vrazhdebna
Messerschmitt Bf 110C heavy fighters
7th Sea Rescue Squadron various floatplanes
IV Group/1st Transport Group Ju 52運輸機/3m transport aircraft

第10航空軍编辑

The X Air Corps ([Fliegerkorps] 错误:{{lang-xx}}:冲突:|links= and |link=(帮助 X) was based in 西西里岛, and consisted of four bomber groups, one heavy fighter group and one fighter squadron with a total of 168 aircraft.[17] It was available to provide on-call support to the 4th Air Fleet as required,[1] but only a few units played any part in supporting the invasion because the primary task of X Air Corps was interdicting Allied supply convoys to Malta.[18] Units earmarked for support to the invasion included 7th Squadron of 26th Fighter Wing (JG 26) equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters, and III Group of ZG 26, flying Messerschmitt Bf 110C/D heavy fighters.[19]

義大利编辑

陸軍编辑

The Italian 2nd Army and 9th Army committed a total of 22 divisions to the operation,[20] comprising around 300,000 troops.[21] The Italian ground forces included the Italian garrison of Zara, which was an Italian enclave on the 達爾馬提亞n coast.[22]

第2軍團编辑

 
The World War I-vintage Obice 149/13 heavy howitzer was used by several Italian artillery battalions during the invasion of Yugoslavia

The Italian 2nd Army (義大利語:2° Armata) was commanded by Generale designato d’Armata (acting General) Vittorio Ambrosio,[23] and consisted of one fast (義大利語:celere) corps, one motorised corps and three infantry corps, and was assembled in northeastern Italy.[24][25] The 2nd Army was supported by a motorised engineer regiment including three bridging battalions, a chemical battalion, fifteen territorial battalions, and two garrison battalions.[26]

Composition of Italian 2nd Army[26]
Corps Commander Division
1st Cavalry Division Eugenio di Savoia
2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro
3rd Cavalry Division Amedeo Duca d'Aosta
15th Infantry Division Bergamo
57th Infantry Division Lombardia
Guardia alla Frontiera (Border Guard)[c]
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
Lorenzo Dalmazzo
12th Infantry Division Sassari
20th Infantry Division Friuli
26th Mountain Infantry Division Assietta
Generale di Divisione
Mario Robotti
13th Infantry Division Re
14th Infantry Division Isonzo
3rd Mountain Infantry Division Ravenna
Guardia alla Frontiera (Border Guard)[d]
3rd Alpine Group[e]
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
Francesco Zingales
9th Motorised Division Pasubio
52nd Motorised Division Torino
133rd Armoured Division Littorio
 
German troops and Italian Bersaglieri in Yugoslavia, 1941

V Corps support units included three motorised artillery regiments comprising thirteen battalions, four machine gun battalions (two motorised and two pack animal), three Blackshirt legions of battalion size, a motorised anti-aircraft battalion, a sapper assault battalion and a road construction battalion. VI Corps included four motorised artillery regiments with a total of sixteen battalions, two machine gun battalions (one motorised, one pack animal) and a motorised anti-aircraft regiment. XI Corps included one motorised artillery regiment comprising four battalions, three machine gun battalions (one motorised, one pack animal and one static), and six Blackshirt legions of battalion size. The Motorised Corps was supported by a motorised artillery regiment consisting of three battalions, and an motorised engineer battalion.[26]

第9軍團编辑

The elements of the Italian 9th Army (義大利語:9° Armata) that were involved in the campaign were commanded by Generale d’Armata (General) Alessandro Pirzio Biroli, and consisted of two infantry corps and some sector troops assembled in northern Albania.[27][28]

Elements of Italian 9th Army[29]
Corps Commander Division
Generale di Divisione
Giovanni Vecchi
38th Infantry Division Puglie
4th Alpine Division Cuneense
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
Giuseppe Pafundi
18th Infantry Division Messina
32nd Infantry Division Marche
131st Armoured Division Centauro
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
Gabriele Nasci
53rd Infantry Division Arezzo
41st Infantry Division Firenze
24th Infantry Division Pinerolo
 
The Fiat M13/40 light tank was employed by the 131st Armoured Division Centauro and other Italian units during the invasion

XIV Corps was supported by a cavalry regiment, three Border Guard battalions, a Finance Guard battalion and two military police (義大利語:Carabinieri Reali) battalions. The XVII Corps included the Diamanti Blackshirt group which incorporated six Blackshirt regiments comprising two battalions each, the Albanian-raised Skanderbeg Blackshirt regiment of two battalions, another Blackshirt regiment of two battalions, a cavalry regiment, a Bersaglieri motorcycle battalion, three Border Guard battalions, one Finance Guard battalion, a motorised artillery regiment of three battalions, a military police battalion, and a tank company equipped with M13/40坦克 light tanks. The Librazhd Sector included a motorised artillery regiment of four battalions, a bicycle-mounted Bersaglieri regiment, a cavalry regiment, the Biscaccianti Blackshirt group which incorporated two Blackshirt regiments with a total of five battalions, the regimental-sized Agostini Blackshirt Forest Militia, and the Briscotto group, a regimental-sized formation consisting of one Alpini battalion and two Finance Guard battalions.[29]

扎拉衛戍部编辑

The Zara garrison numbered about 9,000 men under the overall command of Generale di Brigata (Brigadier) Emilio Giglioli.[30] The garrison consisted of two main groupings and an assortment of supporting units. The two main groupings were the regimental-sized Fronte a Terra (Land Front), which comprised three static machine gun battalions and a bicycle-mounted Bersaglieri battalion, and the battalion-strength Fronte a Mare (Sea Front), which consisted of two machine gun companies, an anti-aircraft battery, a coastal artillery battery and a naval artillery battery. Supporting units consisted of an artillery regiment of three battalions, two independent artillery battalions, a machine gun battalion, a motorised anti-aircraft battalion (less one battery), an engineer battalion, a company of Blackshirts, and a company of L3/35輕型坦克 tankettes.[22]


空軍编辑

The Royal Italian Air Force (義大利語:Regia Aeronautica) operated out of bases in southeastern and northeastern Italy and Albania during the invasion of Yugoslavia. In total, the Italians had 658 aircraft available to support the invasion, 222 of which were positioned in Albania to also support the German invasion of Greece. These aircraft comprised 296 fighter aircraft, 40 dive bombers, 192 medium bombers, 12 bomber floatplanes and 118 reconnaissance aircraft.[31]

第2航空軍编辑

 
Macchi C.200 fighters were operated by several Italian fighter wings and independent fighter groups

The headquarters of the 2nd Air Force (義大利語:2nd Squadra Aerea) was at Padua, in northeastern Italy under the command of Generale di Squadra Aerea (Lieutenant General) Tullio Toccolini. It comprised two fighter wings, one bomber wing, two independent bomber groups, three reconnaissance groups and one independent reconnaissance squadron. In total, the 2nd Air Force had 90 fighters, 61 medium bombers and 49 reconnaissance aircraft available to support the invasion of Yugoslavia.[31]

Composition of Italian 2nd Air Force[31]
Unit Location Aircraft
4th Fighter Wing 46 × MC.200戰鬥機 fighters
54th Fighter Wing 44 × Macchi C.200 fighters
18th Bomber Wing 32 × BR.20轟炸機 medium bombers
25th Bomber Group 15 × Fiat BR.20 medium bombers
99th Bomber Group 14 × Fiat BR.20 medium bombers
61st Reconnaissance Group
Gorizia
8 × Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance aircraft
8 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
63rd Reconnaissance Group
Udine
14 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
71st Reconnaissance Group
Udine
12 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
128th Reconnaissance Squadron
Gorizia
7 × Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance aircraft

第4航空軍编辑

 
Junkers Ju 87 dive bombers were operated by two Italian dive bomber groups

The headquarters of the 4th Air Force (義大利語:4th Squadra Aerea) was at Bari, in southern Italy under the command of Generale di Squadra Aerea Augusto Bonola. It comprised two independent fighter groups and one independent fighter squadron, four bomber wings, one combined bomber and naval bomber wing, two independent bomber groups and one independent dive bomber equipped with German Junkers Ju 87B Stuka aircraft. In total, the 4th Air Force had 73 fighters, 20 dive bombers, 131 medium bombers and 12 bomber floatplanes available to support the invasion of Yugoslavia.[31]

Composition of Italian 4th Air Force[31]
Unit Location Aircraft
8th Independent Fighter Group 14 × Macchi C.200 fighters
153rd Independent Fighter Group 38 × Macchi C.200 fighters
9 × CR.42戰鬥機 biplane fighters
370th Independent Fighter Squadron 12 × Macchi C.200 fighters
13th Bomber Wing 24 × Fiat BR.20 medium bombers
35th Bomber/Naval Bomber Wing
Brindisi
15 × CANT Z.1007轰炸机bis medium bombers
12 × CANT Z.1007bis bomber floatplanes
37th Bomber Wing 20 × Fiat BR.20M medium bombers
7 × Fiat BR.20 medium bombers
38th Bomber Wing 16 × Fiat BR.20 medium bombers
47th Bomber Wing
Grottaglie
26 × CANT Z.1007bis medium bombers
50th Bomber Group
Brindisi
8 × CANT Z.1007bis medium bombers
104th Bomber Group
Foggia
15 × Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 medium bombers
97th Dive Bomber Group
Lecce
20 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers

阿爾巴尼亞航空指揮部编辑

 
Fiat G.50 fighters were operated by two fighter groups of Air Command Albania

The headquarters of Air Command Albania (義大利語:Comando Aeronautica Albania) was located at 地拉那, Albania under the command of Generale di Squadra Aerea Ferruccio Ranza. It comprised five fighter groups, one dive bomber group equipped with German Junkers Ju 87B Stuka aircraft, three independent reconnaissance groups and two independent reconnaissance squadrons. In total, the Italians had 133 fighters, 20 dive bombers and 69 reconnaissance aircraft available in Albania to support the invasions of Yugoslavia and Greece.[31]

Composition of Air Command Albania[31]
Unit Location Aircraft
22nd Fighter Group
Tirana
37 × Macchi C.200 fighters
24th Fighter Group 26 × G.50戰鬥機 fighters
1 × Caproni Ca.111 reconnaissance aircraft
150th Fighter Group 20 × Macchi C.200 fighters
154th Fighter Group
Devoli
20 × Fiat G.50 fighters
160th Fighter Group
Tirana
30 × Fiat CR.42 biplane fighters
101st Dive Bomber Group
Tirana
20 × Junkers Ju 87B dive bombers
5th Reconnaissance Group 18 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
70th Reconnaissance Group
Tirana
17 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
72nd Reconnaissance Group
Valona
9 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
9 × Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance aircraft
35th Reconnaissance Squadron 8 × IMAM Ro.37bis reconnaissance biplanes
87th Reconnaissance Squadron
Tirana
7 × Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance aircraft

海軍编辑

Three 驱逐舰s of the Royal Italian Navy (義大利語:Regia Marina) were deployed into the 亚得里亚海 in direct support of the invasion, and other units were tasked to suppress the Royal Yugoslav Navy.[21]

匈牙利编辑

陸軍编辑

 
The Hungarian Mobile Corps was equipped with Italian-made L3/35輕型坦克 tankettes armed with machine guns

The Hungarian Army (匈牙利語Magyar Honvédség) committed the Mobile, I, IV and V Corps of Altábornagy (Lieutenant General) Elemér Gorondy-Novák's 3rd Army to the invasion. The 1st Parachute Battalion was earmarked for airborne operations.[32] The Hungarian invasion force was deployed along the Yugoslav border largely between the Danube and the 蒂薩河.[33]

Elements of the Hungarian 3rd Army[32]
Formation/Unit Brigade/Battalion
Mobile Corps
1st Motorised Brigade
2nd Motorised Brigade
1st Cavalry Brigade
I Corps
1st Infantry Brigade
13th Infantry Brigade
15th Infantry Brigade
IV Corps
2nd Infantry Brigade
10th Infantry Brigade
12th Infantry Brigade
V Corps
14th Infantry Brigade
19th Infantry Brigade
2nd Cavalry Brigade
Independent Brigade
9th Infantry Brigade
Independent Brigade
11th Infantry Brigade
Independent Battalion
1st Parachute Battalion

空軍编辑

 
Fiat CR.42 biplane fighters were used by the MKHL during the invasion

The Royal Hungarian Air Force (匈牙利語:Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierő, MKHL) committed its 1st Air Brigade to the invasion, consisting of four fighter groups of the 1st and 2nd Air Regiments flying Fiat CR.42 biplane fighters, one reinforced bomber group from the 3rd and 4th Air Regiments with Junkers Ju 86 and Caproni Ca.135bis twin-engined bombers, and one reconnaissance group from the 5th Air Regiment operating Heinkel He 170A reconnaissance aircraft.[32][34] Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 transports were used to transport the 1st Parachute Battalion.[34]

註解编辑

  1. ^ 什利柏等人的資料上提到、作為第2軍團預備隊的師包括第4第12第9裝甲師第20摩托化步兵師英语20th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)第100獵兵師英语100th Jäger Division (Wehrmacht)第169英语169th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)第179英语179th Reserve Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)第197步兵師英语197th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)[6]。尼霍斯特則稱僅那三個裝甲師和第100獵兵師是用作戰區預備隊,第169和197步兵師則是直屬於第2軍團,且並未提到第20摩托化步兵師和第179步兵師在此戰中的序列究竟為何[7][8]
  2. ^ 尼霍斯特稱第79步兵師是配給第52步兵軍[8]
  3. ^ 事實上1941年4月5日時,第101獵兵師僅派出少量單位編入第51步兵軍,其餘者一直到4月10日都並未投入該部[8]
  4. ^ 什利柏等人的資料稱第52步兵軍僅計畫於4月13日調至第2軍團,而事實上直到4月15日也沒有歸其指揮,故僅指揮過第125步兵師和第101獵兵師的少量單位[6]
  5. ^ 什利柏等人的資料稱第125步兵師並未在戰役期間抵達南斯拉夫[6]

註腳编辑

參考文獻编辑

出版書目编辑

期刊論文编辑

網站來源编辑


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