打开主菜单

维基百科:文件版权标志/公有領域

請記住,絕大多數網路圖像並非處於公有領域,即使沒有明確標示著作權狀態也是如此。只有在圖像不符合著作權保護要件、為特定政府雇員所作,或是作者以書面明確聲明放棄著作權權利時,才能算是公有領域作品。

有關美國公有領域的簡單圖表(維基百科的伺服器位於美國,因此需遵守美國相關規範),請參考這裡

目录

通用编辑

  • {{OldOS}}:用於英國地形測量局出版超過50年(目前為1968年)之地圖全部或部分。
  • {{PD-EU-no author disclosure}}:用於出版超過70年(目前為1948年)之圖像,且沒有附加作者權利要求。
  • {{PD-ineligible}}:用於自始不符合著作權保護資格之圖像,因為這類圖像是基於完全沒有原創性元素之普遍知識作品,例如File:F Major key signature.png或是乘法表等物件。如果對於其資格有任何疑問,請詢問社群意見
  • {{PD-old}}:用於由過世超過100年的作者(目前為1918年或更早)所創作之圖像(注意:不是出版超過100年之作品、圖像或主題)。
  • {{PD-US}}:用於1923年於美國出版,或是其部分特定案例之圖像。
  • {{PD-US-1923-abroad}}:用於1923年以前於美國以外出版之圖像。
  • {{PD-US-1996}}:用於1923年至1977年(包含)於美國以外出版之圖像,但於1996年1月1日在來源國已進入公有領域之圖像。更詳細的規則請參考該模板之文字。
  • {{PD-old-70}}:用於由過世超過70年的作者(目前為1948年)所創作之圖像(注意:不是出版超過70年之作品、圖像或主題)。
  • {{Stamp-PD-US-1923-abroad}}:用於1923年以前於美國以外出版之郵票,因此在美國屬於公有領域。
  • {{PD-US-1989}}:用於1978年至1989年3月1日間於美國出版之作品,沒有註明著作權聲明,且在之後沒有進行著作權登記。
  • {{PD-Pre1978}}:用於1978年以前於美國出版之作品,沒有註明「copyright, 出版年, 所有者」或是「©」。
  • {{PD-Pre1964}}:用於1964年以前在美國出版之作品,但沒有在出版日起28年內進行著作權更新。
  • {{PD-anon-1923}}:用於1923年以前在美國以外出版,且未知著作權所有人之圖像。請用參數表明出版年。
  • {{PD-shape}}:用於只含有非常簡單幾何形狀的圖像。
  • {{PD-simple}}:用於只內含字體、個別文字、標語或簡單幾何圖形之圖像。
  • {{PD-chem}}:用於使用常規方式繪製之化學結構式圖像。
  • {{PD-logo}}:用於只內含字體、個別文字、標語或簡單幾何圖形之標誌圖像。

自我捐獻编辑

這些標籤用於作者有意願釋出其作品至公有領域,拋棄任何著作權權利。請參考Wikipedia:授予作品進入公有領域英语Wikipedia: Granting work into the public domain

  • {{PD-link}}:用於作者釋出其自己的作品進入公有領域之狀態,且請求在任何複製該作品的情形下,選擇性地添加維基百科的回鏈。
  • {{PD-self}}:用於作者釋出其自己的作品進入公有領域之狀態。
  • {{PD-user|使用者名稱}}:用於維基百科人將自己的作品釋出至公有領域之狀態。對於非中文維基百科的維基百科人作品,請採用{{PD-user|使用者名稱|語言代碼}},語言代碼為ISO 639-2的小寫2個字母之代碼,可標明其他語言維基百科人的使用者帳號。
  • {{PD-retouched-user|使用者名稱}}:用於由維基百科人將已釋出至公有領域的作品進行數位化加強,並再次釋出至公有領域之作品。
  • {{PD-author|姓名}}:標明已經由作者釋出至公有領域之作品,且提供作者姓名。

藝術编辑

  • {{PD-art}}:用於由過世超過100年之藝術家所創作之二維(平面)藝術作品。
    • {{PD-art-life-70}}:用於由過世超過70年之藝術家所創作之二維(平面)藝術作品。
    • {{PD-art-US}}:用於1923年以前出版之二維(平面)藝術作品。
    • {{PD-art-3d}}:用於由過世超過100年之藝術家所創作之三維藝術作品。本授權條款只用於藝術作品。此類三維作品的照片複製品擁有各自獨立的著作權,因此必須加上合適的圖像授權標籤。

跨國政府機構编辑

  • {{PD-Hubble}}:用於美國太空總署/歐洲太空總署哈伯太空望遠鏡之公有領域圖像,其著作權聲明請參考[1][2]
  • {{PD-USGov}}:用於由美國聯邦政府雇員,依其職責所製作之作品。此種一籃子豁免政策不能套用於其他美國政府機關所出版之內容,如州政府、縣市政府等,通常這類政府機關握有其出版物之著作權,除非聲明放棄。有關其他美國機關政府公有領域之情形,請參考美國各州公有領域模板
  • {{PD-laws}}:此為上述美國政府作品之例外。司法判決、行政規則、立法條例、公共條例與相似的官方法律文書,因為屬於公共政策,所以不具有著作權。此情形可應用於聯邦政府、州政府、地方政府或外國政府之類似作品。
  • {{PD-US-patent}}:一般來說,美國專利之文字與圖像不受著作權保護([3])。在特殊案例中,專利申請者與持有者可能會要求專利文件中的部分內容為著作權所有。Such applicants are required to identify the portions that are protected under copyright, and are additionally required to state the following within the body of the application and patent:[4] [5]

其他國家编辑

Whenever an image is tagged using one of these tags, the image description page should also contain some rationale as to whether and why the image is presumed to be in the public domain in the U.S., too! See also {{PD-US-1996}}, which can be used to state that the copyright on the image was not restored by the URAA.

  • {{PD-AR-Photo}}: for photographs first registered in Argentina over 25 years ago. (Law 11.723, Article 34)
  • {{PD-Albania}}: for works whose author died at least 70 years ago, or for joint works created or published more than 70 years ago.
    • {{PD-Albania-exempt}}: For works exempt from copyright protection under Albanian law as per tag text.
  • {{PD-Australia}}: for published photographs whose creator died at least 70 years ago, or photographs taken prior to 1955.
  • {{PD-AustraliaGov}}: for works published by the Australian government or held under Crown Copyright in Australia more than 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Bangladesh}}: for photographs published in Bangladesh over 60 years ago.
  • {{PD-BrazilGov}}: for "Brazilian official symbols", i.e. flags and symbols.
  • {{PD-BritishGov}}: for images created by the British Government and published prior to 1956.
  • {{PD-Canada}}: for works that have fallen into the public domain in Canada under the Copyright Act of Canada.
  • {{PD-China}}: for photographs taken in China over 50 years ago, or for non-photographic images whose author died more than 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Croatia}}: for works whose author died at least 70 years ago, or for joint works created or published more than 70 years ago, or works under the Agreement on Yugoslav succession issues of Vienna of 29 June 2001, see below {{PD-Yugoslavia}}.
  • {{PD-CzechGov}}: for state symbols and symbols of other self-governing units.
  • {{PD-GermanGov}}: for statutes, ordinances, official decrees or judgments issued by a German federal or state authority, or court
  • {{PD-GreekGov}}: for official legislative, administrative or judicial documents issued by the Greek Government.
  • {{PD-HK}} for images and photographs taken in Hong Kong whose author died more than 50 years ago, or works of unknown authorship published over 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-India}}: for photographs, audio and videos first published by Indian citizens or the Indian government (and international organisations, per section 29) more than 60 years prior to January 1 of the current year (i.e., 截至2012年 (2012-Missing required parameter 1=month!), published prior to 1 January 1952[过时信息]

); see Indian Copyright Act, §§ s:Indian Copyright Law#CHAPTER V : TERM OF COPYRIGHT|25-27.

  • {{PD-Iran}}: for works first published in Iran where all the authors have died more than 30 years ago, or photos or movies first published in Iran and published more than 30 years ago.
  • {{PD-Ireland}}: for works first published in the Republic of Ireland where all the authors died over 70 calendar years ago, or if the authors are not known, where the works were published over 70 calendar years ago. [6]
  • {{PD-Israel-Photo}}: for photographs taken in Israel or the British Mandate of Palestine over 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Italy}}: for photographs taken in Italy over 20 years ago, or artistic photos taken over 70 years ago.
  • {{PD-Lebanon}}
  • {{PD-LithuaniaGov}}: Republic of Lithuania Law on Copyright and Related Rights says: "Copyright shall not apply to official State symbols and insignia (flags, coat-of-arms, anthems, banknote designs, and other State symbols and insignia)."
  • {{PD-Netherlands}}: for
    • works published in the Netherlands, Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands New Guinea over 70 years after the first January 1 following the work's publication and
    • works published more than 70 years after the first January 1 following the author's death.
  • {{PD-NZ}}: for works made in New Zealand whose author died more than 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Pakistan}}: for photographs published in Pakistan over 50 years ago, or for non-photographic images whose author died more than 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Philippines}}: for works whose copyrights have already expired, that have been released into the public domain, or that are ineligible for copyright as stated by Philippine copyright law.
  • {{PD-PhilippinesPubDoc}}: for official public documents (or portions thereof) made in the Philippines of a legislative, administrative or judicial nature.
  • {{PD-Poland}}: for Polish photographs published in Poland without a copyright notice prior to May 23 1994.
  • {{PD-PolishGov}}: for Polish government documents, materials, signs and symbols.
  • {{PD-ROC-GOV}}: For works of the ROC Government under the terms of Article 9 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of China.
  • {{PD-RomaniaGov}}: for Romanian state symbols and symbols of public authorities and organisations, and for Romanian currency.
  • {{PD-RU-exempt}}: exempt from copyright protection under the Russian law as per tag text.
  • {{PD-SerbiaGov}}: for Serbian government documents, materials, pictures, etc.
  • {{PD-Serbia}}: for works whose author died before 1954 or, if anonymous, that were published before 1954 (public domain prior to introduction of the new law in 2004).
  • {{PD-South-Africa}}: For works published in South Africa that are more than 50 years old.
  • {{PD-South Korea}}: For works published in South Korea whose most recently deceased creator died more than 50 years ago.
  • {{PD-Sweden}}: for public domain images taken by Swedish photographers before 1944
  • {{PD-Thailand}}: for works whose copyright has expired in Thailand.
    • {{PD-TH-exempt}}: for works exempt from copyright protection under Thai law as per tag text.
  • {{PD-Trinidad-and-Tobago}}: for public domain images fifty years after the death of the photographer as per the Trinidad and Tobago Copyright Act, Part III, Section 19(1).
  • {{PD-UA-exempt}}: exempt from copyright protection under Ukrainan law as per tag text.
  • {{PD-VenezuelaGov}}: for "Venezuelan official symbols" i.e. flags and symbols.
  • {{PD-Yugoslavia}}: exempt from copyright protection by the Agreement on succession issues; Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, the Republic of Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, being in sovereign equality the five successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, have agreed in Vienna on 29th of June 2001. The Agreement came into force on 2004-03-25. [7] Note: must be used in conjunction with {{PD-Croatia}}, see above.

其他编辑

紐西蘭政府编辑

Publications of the New Zealand government are mostly covered by Crown copyright, which in New Zealand has a 100-year term under Section 26(3)(b) of the Copyright Act 1994. This puts most recent material out of bounds. However, there is an exception to these provisions for some documents:

  • {{PD-NZSection27}}: for works created by some New Zealand government entities, which are covered by Section 27(1) of the Copyright Act 1994 [8]. The section excludes from copyright protection the following NZ works: Bills, Acts, regulations, municipal bylaws, Hansard, select committee reports, court judgments, Royal commission reports, commission of inquiry reports, ministerial inquiry reports and statutory inquiry reports. Note that sourcing these from a third party provider that, say, annotated Acts, is dangerous – they would have copyright in those annotations, and/or copyright in a new typographical arrangement [9].

New Zealand Crown copyright used to only last 50 years, and copyright has expired for government works from 1944 or earlier. Regular copyright provisions (such as a 50-year term) apply to works by Crown entities and state-owned enterprises, not Crown copyright.

棄用(不再使用)编辑

  • {{PD-Russia}}:用於曾依據1993年俄羅斯著作權法規定屬於公有領域的作品。2008年1月1日,因新版俄羅斯著作權立法而過時。