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頂註(Hatnote,或稱頁首註腳)是置於頁面頂部的簡短註解,通常用來提供相似名稱主題或消歧義頁面的連結。

更多關於編寫消歧義項目的辦法,參見Wikipedia:消歧義

目录

格式编辑

大多數情況下,頂註應盡量使用標準消歧義模板(如下列所示)建立。這使註解形式和結構能夠隨時間一致地變化。使用模板時,水平分隔線不需放置在某個註解,或註解列表最末項的下方。

概括與否编辑

有些頂註消歧義模板包括一段該條目主題的摘要,某些模板沒有。例如在en:Honey條目,可以使用模板 {{about}}

關於「大号」的其他意思,詳見「大号 (消歧义)」。

For other uses of the term, see Honey (disambiguation).

這兩種風格都是可接受的,在條目使用哪種風格取決於編者的選擇,以及對讀者來說是否更為清晰而容易。當條目已有頂註存在,除非有更好的理由否則應該避免改變成其他風格。

位置编辑

頂註應該置於條目的最頂端,優先於其他任何物件如圖像、導航模板、維護模板(像是清理、無來源、中立性)等。它們依序地呈現在純文字瀏覽器及顯示器的閱讀者面前。若讀者遭遇到錯誤頁面,通常他們希望知道的是最早顯示出的訊息。

適當使用的範例编辑

相似標題的兩個項目编辑

This article is about the village in England. For H. P. Lovecraft's fictional town, see Dunwich (Lovecraft).

Dunwich (pronounced Dun-Itch) is a town in the county of Suffolk in England, the remnant of what was once a prosperous seaport and centre of the wool trade during the early middle ages, with a natural harbour formed by the mouths of the River Blyth...

當兩個項目擁有相同的標題,一個已消歧義、另一個尚未消歧,未消歧義的項目應該包含一個頂註及通往另一個項目的連結。這時候不需要建立單獨的消歧義頁面。{{about}}模板可能適用此例。在這個例子裡原始碼為 {{about|the village in England|H. P. Lovecraft's fictional town|Dunwich (Lovecraft)}}.

連結至消歧義頁编辑

關於「小甜甜」的其他意思,詳見「小甜甜 (消歧義)」。

小甜甜》是日本兒童文學作家水木杏子名木田惠子)原作,漫畫家五十嵐優美子作畫的少女漫畫作品,亦為以同漫畫改編的電視動畫主題歌。


For other uses, see Monolith (disambiguation).

A monolith is a monument or natural feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock. Erosion usually exposes these formations...

當用語有一個主要的含義,和兩個或更多的意涵,主要題目頁面的頂註應該連結至消歧義頁。 {{otheruses}} 模板可能適用此例。

在許多情況下,頂註還包括一段該條目的簡短介紹,以方便讀者:

本文介紹的是關於希臘神話的迷宮。關於其他用法,詳見「迷宮 (消歧義)」。

迷宮希臘神話中是一座精心製作的建築物,由名匠代達羅斯克里特島的國王米諾斯所設計,建造於克諾索斯。這座迷宮用來囚禁米諾斯的兒子……


This article is about the mazelike labyrinth from Greek mythology. For other uses, see Labyrinth (disambiguation).

In Greek mythology, the Labyrinth was an elaborate maze-like structure constructed for King Minos of Crete and designed by the legendary artificer Daedalus to hold the Minotaur...

{{about}} 模板可能適用此例。在這種情況下,參數為{{about|關於希臘神話的迷宮}}

由曖昧用語重定向至清晰名稱的項目编辑

當有清楚名稱的條目重定向自含糊用語,{{redirect}}或相關模板能夠應用於此:

拿破崙一世


維基百科,自由的百科全書
(重定向自拿破崙

拿破崙」重定向至此。關於其他同名人物或拿破崙的其他意思,詳見「拿破崙 (消歧義)」。

拿破侖·波拿巴Napoléon Bonaparte,1769年8月15日-1821年5月5日),即拿破侖一世Napoléon Ier),出生於科西嘉島法國軍事家政治家法蘭西第一共和國第一執政(1799年1804年)……

Johann Sebastian Bach


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Bach)

"Bach" redirects here. For other uses, see Bach (disambiguation).

Johann Sebastian Bach (发音为/joˈhan/ˈjoːhan zeˈbastjan ˈbax/) (March 21, 1685 O.S.July 28, 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer...

不適當使用的範例编辑

雜學、字義、俚語编辑

註解一個瑣細項目、術語用法,或連結至特定偏頗的要素,是不正當的。以下範例不適合在主條目名稱頁面編寫消歧義:

經濟,意思是

  • 經世濟民,表示治理世事,使富裕民生。
  • 經濟 (經濟學),指一定範圍(國家、區域)內,組織一切生產、分配、流通和消費活動與關係的系統之總稱。
  • 用較少的付出獲得較大的成效。

路人,意思是


上空可以指:

  • 上空或稱無上裝,女性乳房無遮蔽物的狀態。
  • 反向於地面,上方的天空
  • 自己頭頂上的一帶(但一般低於雲層),別人或外物越過這個範圍就會失去安全感或感到騷擾。與天空略有不同。

尺度可以指:

  • 尺度,處事或看待事物的標準
  • 尺度 (天氣),天氣系統的大小及持續時間

包袱可以指:

  • 包袱,出行時用布裹成的行囊,後借指負擔。
  • 包袱 (相聲),一種相聲表演方式。

大号可以指:

  • 大号,一种低音铜管乐器,这种乐器是体积最大、音域最低的铜管乐器,在管弦乐队、管乐队中经常使用。
  • 大号亦可指某种物件在尺寸、重量、体积或容量上很大。
  • 正式名称,同“大名”,和“小名”相对。
  • 中国某些地方,大号指厕所
  • 某些地區稱大便

Investment,意思是

  1. 對壘壕溝包圍城鎮或堡壘,見攻城戰
  2. 金融經濟學密切相關,有數種意思的術語。以下詳述

期盼未來能夠獲得利益,累積某種財富

During a siege, to invest a town or fortress means to surround it with a contravallation and a circumvallation.

Investment is a term with several closely related meanings in finance and economics. It refers to the accumulation of some kind of asset in hopes of getting a future return from it...

更多不良範例:小波吹牛處決庶子

在這種情況下,沒有直接消歧義,而列出的註解必然非大多數讀者的興趣。適當的消歧義只需要連接到一個單獨的頁面——杜松 (消歧義)大号 (消歧义)天花 (消歧义)大陆 (消歧义)en:Invest (disambiguation)

關於主題的合理信息编辑

A previous version of the Aisha article showed:

Ayesha is sometimes used as a woman's name. Once popular only among Muslims, it was briefly popular among English-speakers after it appeared in the book She by Rider Haggard.

Aisha or Ayesha (Arabic عائشه `ā'isha = "she who lives") was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad...

This is a typical and highly improper misuse of disambiguating hatnotes. Instead, the information belongs in the body of the article, or in the articles about the book, or in a separate article about names, or all three places. Hatnotes are meant to reduce confusion and direct readers to another article they might have been looking for, not for information about the subject of the article itself.

連結至與主題高度相關的項目编辑

This article is about the scientific study of extraterrestrial life; for treatment in popular culture, see Extraterrestrial life in popular culture.

Extraterrestrial life is life that may exist and originate outside the planet Earth. Its existence is currently hypothetical: there is as yet no evidence of extraterrestrial life that has been widely accepted by scientists...

Instead of using a hatnote, it is better to summarize Extraterrestrial life in popular culture under a subsection of Extraterrestrial life in conjunction with the {{main}} template. Alternatively, it could be linked to in the See also section.

並非曖昧的清晰項目名稱编辑

Tree (set theory)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Tree (disambiguation).

In set theory, a tree is a partially ordered set (poset) in which there is a single unique minimal element (called the root) and in which the set of elements less than a given element is well ordered...

Here, the problem is that a reader following links within Wikipedia or using Wikipedia's own search engine would not have ended up at tree (set theory) if they were interested in other types of trees, as tree does not redirect there.

However, a hatnote may still be appropriate when even a more specific name is still ambiguous. For example, Matt Smith (comics) might still be confused for the comics illustrator Matt Smith (illustrator).

A hatnote may also be appropriate in an unambiguously named article when an ambiguous term redirects to it, as explained in the "Proper uses" section above.

多餘連結编辑

One should not link terms other than the desired target in the hatnote. For example:

WTIX (980 AM) is a radio station broadcasting a Sports radio format.

In this case, the link to New Orleans, Louisiana in the hatnote is inappropriate. Only the possible other destination (WIST (AM)) should be linked.

外部連結编辑

A previous version of the Hurricane Katrina article contained:

If you are trying to locate someone missing in Hurricane Katrina, or register yourself as found, you can use the site www.disastersearch.org [1]

Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, on August 29, 2005, was one of the most destructive and expensive tropical cyclones to hit the United States...

The use of external help links in Wikipedia, though noble, cannot reasonably be maintained. In special cases, a link to an "External links" section with several links may be appropriate, but POV favoritism can be obstructive. In this case, the hatnote was removed entirely.

不存在的項目编辑

頂註應避免用於不存在的條目,註解的目的是指示用戶到另一個他們可能有意探求的項目。例外情況是如果要立即創建所連結的條目的文章。在這種情況下,考慮先創建新條目,再挽救附加的頂註。

在创建新模板之前...编辑

These templates are used in literally thousands of articles; therefore, changing the syntax could break thousands of articles. If you wish to create or edit a disambiguation or redirection template, first ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Is there already a template that will do this job? Since many disambiguation and redirection templates have already been created, first check: Category:Disambiguation and redirection templates.
  2. Do I really need a new template for this? Will it likely be used on any other articles or should I just use {{Hatnote}} instead? Before creating a new template, see the template namespace guideline.
  3. If I change the parameters around on an existing template, do I know what the result will be? Will it break existing uses of the template and if so, can I fix all of the errors? Before making any changes, see Wikipedia:Template sandbox and test cases.