马尔科·奥雷利奥·索托

马尔科·奥雷利奥·索托(西班牙语:Marco Aurelio Soto,1846年11月13日—1908年2月25日)是一名宏都拉斯政治人物,曾于1876年至1833年担任宏都拉斯总统

马尔科·奥雷利奥·索托
Marco Aurelio Soto
第8任洪都拉斯总统
任期
1876年8月26日—1883年5月9日
前任何塞·玛丽亚·麦迪那英语José María Medina
继任路易斯·博格兰
个人资料
出生(1846-11-03)1846年11月3日
 洪都拉斯特古西加尔巴
逝世1908年2月25日(1908岁—02—25)(61岁)
 法国巴黎
国籍 洪都拉斯
政党洪都拉斯自由党
配偶Celestina Mijango
亲属Maximo Soto Francisca Martínez(父亲)
母校危地马拉圣卡洛斯大学
专业律师
宗教信仰罗马天主教

生平

编辑

1876年,他在危地马拉总统、军事强人胡斯托·鲁菲诺·巴里奥斯·奥延将军的支持下担任洪都拉斯总统。[1]但在1883年,因为索托希望摆脱危地马拉的干预而不再被受到支持,在巴里奥斯的授意下,他被迫辞职。[2]1902年,他曾参加过洪都拉斯总统选举,但仅获4857票而竞选失败。

在他任期内,洪都拉斯进行了一系列的世俗化改革,实现了政教分离,洪都拉斯也正式定都特古西加尔巴。此外,在财政、教育和公共安全方面也实施了一些基本改革。在美国支持下,被废弃的圣胡安西托地区的银矿也得以开采。[3]

现在流通的2伦皮拉纸币上印有他的头像。

参考资料

编辑
  1. ^ PAPERS RELATING TO THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR THE YEAR 1887, TRANSMITTED TO CONGRESS, WITH A MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT, JUNE 26, 1888. 美国国务院历史文献办公室. [2022-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-02-10) (英语). Don Marco Aurelio Soto attained to the presidency of Honduras, as every one here and many abroad well know. I deem it needless to repeat that history. He was sustained in the presidency during seven years by the moral and material aid that General Barrios gave him, and during those seven years he did whatever his own royal pleasure dictated; he banished, imprisoned, flogged, shot, and he enriched himself by taking possession of the treasures of the country. Don Marco Aurelio Soto in Tegucigalpa was, like the Sultan in Constantinople, master of lives and estates. But a day came, a sad one for him, in which Barrios became aware of the treachery of his protégé; he made no mystery of his discovery; he knit his brow and scowled furiously at his pupil; the latter filled with consternation, like a frightened paltroon, conceived that Honduras was no longer a safe place for himself; from all sides he saw the apparitions of approaching armies; he fled secretly, and from a foreign land exchanged humiliating letters with Barrios; from there, also, he sent his resignation as President of the Republic, basing it upon declarations which to-day he denies having made. 
  2. ^ GUSTAVO PEÑA. ZEDES: El peligroso experimento político en la tierra de Marco Aurelio ‘El hondureño’. 洛杉矶时报. 2022-01-14 [2022-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-02-10) (西班牙语). 
  3. ^ Darío A. Euraque. Reinterpreting the Banana Republic: Region and State in Honduras, 1870-1972. : 12 [2022-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-02-10) (英语).