- McClellan, Bill. Remarkable History Surrounded Man's Unremarkable Life (payment for full view). St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 2002-04-07: E1 [2009-07-27]. （原始内容存档于2019-06-21）.
The attorney had grown up in that city, and he was returning for the funeral of one James Fred Blake, who had died at the age of 89. [...] Fred Blake had been the bus driver who had ordered Rosa Parks to give up her seat on that fateful day in December 1955.
- Pretzer, William. "The Power of 2857 （页面存档备份，存于互联网档案馆）" American Heritage, November/December 2005.