基本超幾何函數

第一類基本超幾何函數

${\displaystyle \;_{j}\phi _{k}\left[{\begin{matrix}a_{1}&a_{2}&\ldots &a_{j}\\b_{1}&b_{2}&\ldots &b_{k}\end{matrix}};q,z\right]=\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac {(a_{1},a_{2},\ldots ,a_{j};q)_{n}}{(b_{1},b_{2},\ldots ,b_{k},q;q)_{n}}}\left((-1)^{n}q^{n \choose 2}\right)^{1+k-j}z^{n}}$

${\displaystyle (a_{1},a_{2},\ldots ,a_{m};q)_{n}=(a_{1};q)_{n}(a_{2};q)_{n}\ldots (a_{m};q)_{n}}$

${\displaystyle (a;q)_{n}=\prod _{k=0}^{n-1}(1-aq^{k})=(1-a)(1-aq)(1-aq^{2})\cdots (1-aq^{n-1}).}$

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第二類基本超幾何函數

${\displaystyle \;_{j}\psi _{k}\left[{\begin{matrix}a_{1}&a_{2}&\ldots &a_{j}\\b_{1}&b_{2}&\ldots &b_{k}\end{matrix}};q,z\right]=\sum _{n=-\infty }^{\infty }{\frac {(a_{1},a_{2},\ldots ,a_{j};q)_{n}}{(b_{1},b_{2},\ldots ,b_{k};q)_{n}}}\left((-1)^{n}q^{n \choose 2}\right)^{k-j}z^{n}.}$

關係式

${\displaystyle \lim _{q\to 1}\;_{j}\phi _{k}\left[{\begin{matrix}q^{a_{1}}&q^{a_{2}}&\ldots &q^{a_{j}}\\q^{b_{1}}&q^{b_{2}}&\ldots &q^{b_{k}}\end{matrix}};q,(q-1)*z\right]}$ = ${\displaystyle \;_{j}F_{k}\left[{\begin{matrix}a_{1}&a_{2}&\ldots &a_{j}\\b_{1}&b_{2}&\ldots &b_{k}\end{matrix}};q,z\right]}$

q二項式定理

${\displaystyle _{1}\Phi _{0}([a],[];q;z)=}$ ${\displaystyle \sum _{n=0}^{\infty }}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {(a;q)_{n}}{(q;q)_{n}}}}$

參考文獻

1. ^ Roelof KoeKoek, Peter Lesky,Rene Swarttouw,Hypergeometric Orthogonal Polynomials and Their q-Analogues p15 Springer