不列颠铁器时代

不列颠铁器时代指除独立发展的爱尔兰铁器时代之外的大不列颠铁器时代[1][2],时间在不列颠青铜时代之后,罗马不列颠之前。在此期间生活于这片陆地的是大量的凯尔特不列颠部落[3]

分期编辑

不列颠铁器时代遗址已经出现了100多个[4],时间在公元前8世纪至公元1世纪之间,与公元前8世纪的青铜时代存在重叠[5]。、

以下分期方法由巴里·坎里夫于2005年提出:[6]

名称 时间 欧洲大陆对应时代
最早期 800–600 BC Hallstatt C
早期 600–400 BC Hallstatt D 、一半La Tène I
中期 400–100 BC 剩下的La Tène I、以及全部的La Tène II和一半的La Tène III
晚期 100–50 BC 剩下的La Tène III
最晚期 50 BC – AD 100
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参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Cunliffe (2005) page 27.
  2. ^ Raftery, Barry. O Croinin, Daibhi , 编. Iron-age Ireland. Oxford University Press. 2005: 134–181. ISBN 978-0-19-821737-4. 
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick (1996) page 242: "It is clear, then, that there is no intrinsic 'Celtic' European unity and that the idea of 'Celtic' Iron Age Europe has developed in an almost ad hoc fashion. When examined critically the central idea – of being 'Celtic' – may also be seen to be weakly formulated ...."
  4. ^ Cunliffe (2005) page 20.
  5. ^ Cunliffe (2005) page 32.
  6. ^ Cunliffe (2005) page 652. The dates are the mid-points of Cunliffe's transitional lines. His earliest and latest possibilities have been used for the end points. In the text 750 BC is his summary date for the beginning.

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