亚历山大·瓦西里耶维奇·苏沃洛夫

俄羅斯軍事指揮官

亚历山大·瓦西里耶维奇·苏沃洛夫Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Суво́ров,1729年11月24日-1800年5月18日),俄国大元帅神圣罗马帝国伯爵、雷姆尼克伯爵、意大利亲王。苏沃洛夫是俄国史上最傑出的將領之一,並在其漫長的軍事生涯中保有不敗的名聲,著有军事学名著《制胜的科学》。

亚历山大·瓦西里耶维奇·苏沃洛夫
苏沃洛夫率兵翻越阿爾卑斯山

苏沃洛夫的全部头衔为:亚历山大·瓦西里耶维奇·苏沃洛夫,意大利亲王、雷姆尼克伯爵、神圣罗马帝国伯爵、撒丁尼亚伯爵、俄罗斯陆海军大元帅、奥地利撒丁尼亚陆军元帅。

1942年7月29日,苏联以其名字设立了苏沃洛夫勋章,以表彰在进攻中歼灭敌人优势兵力的军事首长和指挥员。

參見编辑

註釋编辑

延伸阅读编辑

  • Longworth, Philip. 1965. The Art of Victory. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston
  • J.F. Anthing, Versuch einer Kriegsgeschichte des Grafen Suworow (Gotha, 1796–1799)
  • Clausewitz, Carl von (2020). Napoleon Absent, Coalition Ascendant: The 1799 Campaign in Italy and Switzerland, Volume 1. Trans and ed. Nicholas Murray and Christopher Pringle. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-3025-7
  • Clausewitz, Carl von (2021). The Coalition Crumbles, Napoleon Returns: The 1799 Campaign in Italy and Switzerland, Volume 2. Trans and ed. Nicholas Murray and Christopher Pringle. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-3034-9
  • Macready, Edward Nevil. A sketch of Suwarow and his last campaign : with observations on Mr. Alison's opinion of the Archduke Charles as a military critic, and a few objections to certain military statements in Mr. Alison's History of Europe. London: Smith, Elder. 1851. 
  • G. von Fuchs, Suworows Korrespondenz, 1799 (Glogau, 1835)
  • Von Reding-Biberegg, Der Zug Suworows durch die Schweiz (Zürich 1896)
  • F. von Smut, Suworows Leben und Heerzüge (Vilna, 1833–1834) and Suworow and Polens Untergang (Leipzig, 1858,)
  • Lieut.-Colonel Spalding, Suvorof (London, 1890)
  • Souvorov en Italie by Gachot, Masséna's biographer (Paris, 1903)
  • The standard Russian biographies of Polevoi (1853; Ger. trans., Mitau, 1853); Rybkin (Moscow, 1874), Vasiliev (Vilna, 1899), Meshcheryakov and Beskrovnyi (Moscow, 1946), and Osipov (Moscow, 1955).
  • The Russian examinations of his martial art, by Bogolyubov (Moscow, 1939) and Nikolsky (Moscow, 1949).
  • "1799 le baionette sagge" by Marco Galandra and Marco Baratto (Pavia, 1999).
  • "SUVOROV – La Campagna Italo-Svizzera e la liberazione di Torino nel 1799" by Maria Fedotova ed. Pintore (Torino, 2004).
  • Peter Paret, Gordon A. Craig, Felix Gilbert. Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. Princeton University Press, 1986.
  • K. Osipov. Alexander Suvorov. A Biography. London, 1944.

外部链接编辑