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人格性(英語:Personhood),亦作人格,是哲学中指作为个人的状态。人格性的定义在哲学与法学当中是一个具有争议性的话题,并与法定权利、国籍的政治概念、法律面前的平等自由紧密联系。法学领域普遍认为,只有自然人法律主体拥有权利、被保护的资格、普通责任与法律责任[1]

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  1. ^ "Where it is more than simply a synonym for 'human being', 'person' figures primarily in moral and legal discourse. A person is a being with a certain moral status, or a bearer of rights. But underlying the moral status, as its condition, are certain capacities. A person is a being who has a sense of self, has a notion of the future and the past, can hold values, make choices; in short, can adopt life-plans. At least, a person must be the kind of being who is in principle capable of all this, however damaged these capacities may be in practice." Charles Taylor, "The Concept of a Person", Philosophical Papers. Volume 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985, 97.