伊斯兰国-呼罗珊省

国际恐怖组织
(重定向自伊斯兰国呼罗珊省

伊斯兰国呼罗珊省(英語:Islamic State – Khorasan Province,簡稱ISIS-KISIL–KPIS-KISKP;阿拉伯语:الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام – ولاية خراسان‎,羅馬化ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām – Wilayah Khorasan)[1])自称是伊斯兰国中亚南亚的分支,与叙利亚伊斯兰国领导层有联系,活跃于阿富汗巴基斯坦西北部、乌兹别克斯坦塔吉克斯坦等地。呼罗珊是中亞圖蘭波斯阿富汗巴基斯坦等地的古統稱[2]

呼罗珊省
ولاية خراسان
參與阿富汗冲突巴基斯坦西北部战争
伊斯蘭國使用的黑旗
活躍期2015年1月26日 (2015-01-26) – 至今
意識形態瓦哈比主義
薩拉菲主義
聖戰主義
領導人沙哈卜·穆哈吉爾英语Shahab al-Muhajir
(呼罗珊省埃米爾
活動地區阿富汗
塔吉克斯坦
巴基斯坦
隸屬於 伊斯蘭國
對手 阿富汗
 巴基斯坦
 伊朗
 塔吉克斯坦
 美國
 印度
戰役、戰爭阿富汗戰爭 (2001年)

该组织成立于2015年,首任领导人哈菲兹·赛义德·汗英语Hafiz Saeed Khan和大多数成员均自巴基斯坦塔利班运动分裂叛離而出[3][4][5],其勢力壯大後,乌兹别克斯坦伊斯兰运动更宣布归附並加入該組織[6]。在阿富汗,呼罗珊省不仅从乡村、而且还从城市中产阶级及大學知識分子之中招募人员,特别针对宗教相關院校或學科的師生,以致在该国有许多伊斯兰学校教师以及该国最大的喀布尔大学学生參與該組織。除来自巴基斯坦乌兹别克斯坦聖戰者外,该组织的大部分人力均來自挖角而來的前塔利班成員[7]

恐襲記錄列表编辑

参考文献编辑

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  28. ^ One Killed in Afghan Car Bombing Near Airport in Jalalabad. News18. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
  29. ^ 'Daesh bomb' kills 7 civilians in Nangarhar. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
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  31. ^ 2 guards killed in attack on Iraq embassy in Afghanistan. news.am. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-29) (英语). 
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  34. ^ Death Toll From Kabul Mosque Attack Rises To 56. RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2017-11-05) (英语). 
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  36. ^ Afghan channel back on air after attack. BBC News. 2017-11-07 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-04) (英国英语). 
  37. ^ Explosion hits Kabul as political gathering under way. aljazeera.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01) (英语). 
  38. ^ Kabul bombing: TV cameraman succumbs to injuries. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-16). 
  39. ^ 18 Killed In Kabul City Exlosion. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01) (英语). 
  40. ^ Two Policemen Wounded In Daesh Attack On NDS Center. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-24) (英语). 
  41. ^ Suicide attack near Afghan intelligence HQ. BBC News. 2017-12-25 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-04) (英国英语). 
  42. ^ Ibrahimi, Abdul Aziz. Suicide bombers kill dozens at Shi'ite center in Afghan capital. U.S. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-30) (美国英语). 
  43. ^ Kabul bombing: Death toll rises to 50. Anadolu Agency. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
  44. ^ 20 dead in suicide bombing at Kabul police checkpoint. Colorado Springs Gazette. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-05). 
  45. ^ Checkpoint attacks kill 3, wound 8 E. Afghanistan. Kuwait News Agency (KUNA). 2018-01-07 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2019-03-31). 
  46. ^ Safi, Michael. Isis claims attack on Save the Children office in Afghanistan. the Guardian. 2018-01-24 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-29) (英语). 
  47. ^ Children flee as gunmen storm aid group's office in Afghanistan. NBC News. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-22) (美国英语). 
  48. ^ Deadly attack on Kabul military post. BBC News. 2018 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-01) (英国英语). 
  49. ^ 3 killed, 6 injured in Kabul suicide blast: MoI. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-06). 
  50. ^ Death Toll Rises To Three In Kabul City Bombing. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01) (英语). 
  51. ^ Afghan official: Attack on police in southern area kills 1. National Post. 2018-03-07 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-13) (美国英语). 
  52. ^ Adam. IS' Khorasan Province Claims Killing Afghan Official in Jalalabad Suicide Bombing. ent.siteintelgroup.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-03-08) (英国英语). 
  53. ^ Hazaras Protest After an ISIS Attack Kills 10 in Kabul. The New York Times. 2018-03-09 [2018-04-30]. ISSN 0362-4331. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01) (美国英语). 
  54. ^ Blast kills 4, wounds 11 in E. Afghanistan. Kuwait News Agency (KUNA). 2018-03-19 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-03-24). 
  55. ^ Dozens Killed In New Year Attack In Kabul. RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-29) (英语). 
  56. ^ ISIS suicide bomber kills 33 in Kabul as Afghans celebrate new year. Fox News. 2018-03-21 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-03-23) (美国英语). 
  57. ^ Suicide bombers attack Shiite mosque in Afghanistan's Herat; three including two terrorists killed, nine injured - Firstpost. firstpost.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
  58. ^ Reuters. Blast near mosque in western Afghan city of Herat. The Hindu. 2018-03-25 [2018-04-30]. ISSN 0971-751X. (原始内容存档于2020-07-29) (英语). 
  59. ^ Kunar Provincial Council Member Killed In Suicide Attack. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-01) (英语). 
  60. ^ Adam. IS' Khorasan Province Claims Suicide Bombing Killing Kunar Provincial Council Member. ent.siteintelgroup.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-01) (英国英语). 
  61. ^ Jawzjan: Daesh militants behead 12-year-old child. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-13). 
  62. ^ Afghan voter centre blast kills dozens. BBC News. 2018-04-22 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-03) (英国英语). 
  63. ^ Public Health Revises Death Toll To 52 In Kabul Bombing. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-24) (英语). 
  64. ^ Death toll from Kabul attack soars to 69. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
  65. ^ Islamic State militants behead three brothers in eastern Afghanistan, say officials - Firstpost. firstpost.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-25). 
  66. ^ Blast near voter registration center leaves 7 injured. pajhwok.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-05-01). 
  67. ^ Adam. 'Amaq Reports IS Fighters Bombing Voter Registration Center in Jalalabad. ent.siteintelgroup.com. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-30) (英国英语). 
  68. ^ Photographer among dead in Kabul blasts. BBC News. 2018-04-30 [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-30) (英国英语). 
  69. ^ Death Toll Rises To 29 In Kabul Explosion. TOLOnews. [2018-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-30) (英语). 
  70. ^ Death toll of Mastung blast escalates to 131. Dunya News英语Dunya News. 2018-07-14 [2018-07-14]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-26). 
  71. ^ 132 die in Pakistan election violence ahead of ex-prime minister Sharif's return. CNBC. 2018-07-13 [2018-07-14]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-14). 
  72. ^ At least 20 people killed in separate bombings at Kabul wrestling club. The Guardian. [2018-09-05]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-23). 
  73. ^ Afghanistan conflict: Bombers kill 20 at Kabul sports club. BBC News. [2018-09-05]. (原始内容存档于2018-09-05). 
  74. ^ Afghanistan: Deadly blasts target Kabul sports club. AlJazeera. [2018-09-05]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-09). 
  75. ^ Death toll from Kabul sports club attack rises to 26. Pajhwok. [2018-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2018-09-08). 
  76. ^ Two Killed in Suicide Bomb Attack on Kabul Commemorations. News18.com. [2018-09-09]. (原始内容存档于2018-09-09). 
  77. ^ 7 killed, 25 injured in a suicide attack in Kabul. News.am. [2018-09-09]. (原始内容存档于2018-09-10). 
  78. ^ EXCLUSIVE: Two Pakistani soldiers killed while rescuing women and children from ISIS terrorists in Balochistan. itct.org.uk. [2018-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2018-09-30). 
  79. ^ Attack left at least 13 dead in Afghanistan. Tolonews. 2018-10-02 [2018-10-27]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-02). 
  80. ^ Suicide bomber kills 14 at election rally in Afghanistan. APNews. [2018-10-02]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-02). 
  81. ^ Islamic State claims attack targeting USAID office in Nangarhar. itct.org.uk. [2018-10-04]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-06). 
  82. ^ Three civilians killed by IS in a public execution in Nangarhar Province. satp.org. [2018-10-11]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-12). 
  83. ^ Death Toll Rises To 2 In IEC Bombing By Daesh. Tolonews. [2018-10-29]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-29). 
  84. ^ Suicide bomber targets electoral officials in Kabul. AlJazeera. [2018-10-29]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-29). 
  85. ^ Seven killed in suicide attack near Kabul prison. france24.com. [2018-10-31]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-31). 
  86. ^ Seven killed in suicide attack near Kabul prison. thenews.com.pk. [2018-10-31]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-31). 
  87. ^ MoI Confirms 6 Dead In Kabul Explosion. ToloNews. [2018-11-12]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-12). 
  88. ^ At least six killed in Kabul suicide attack: officials. standardmedia.co.ke. [2018-11-12]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-12). 
  89. ^ Top army commander confirms suicide bomber killed 34 in Orakzai. pakistantoday.com.pk. [2018-11-24]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-24). 
  90. ^ Islamic state claims responsibility for Pakistan market suicide bombing. channelnewsasia.com. [2018-11-24]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-24). 
  91. ^ Orakzai bomb blast toll rises to 33, with 56 injured at Friday market. samaa.tv. [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-23). 
  92. ^ 32 killed, 31 injured in explosion in lower Orakzai district: health official - Pakistan. Dawn.Com. 2018-11-23 [2018-11-25]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-23). 
  93. ^ Mohmand, Mureeb. 25 killed, 35 injured in Orakzai market blast | The Express Tribune. Tribune.com.pk. [2018-11-25]. (原始内容存档于2019-07-02). 
  94. ^ Blast at Market in Northwest Pakistan Kills at Least 25 - The New York Times. Nytimes.com. 2018-11-23 [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-23). 
  95. ^ Blast at Afghan army base mosque kills several soldiers. itct.org.uk. [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-24). 
  96. ^ At least 27 killed in explosion at eastern Afghanistan army base. cbc.ca. [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-24). 
  97. ^ Suicide blast kills dozens at mosque in Afghanistan's Khost province. nbcnews.com. [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-23). 
  98. ^ Afghanistan: At least 26 people killed in suicide blast in Khost. scroll.in. [2018-11-23]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-23). 
  99. ^ Car driver killed in magnetic bomb blast in Kabul. Pajhwok. [2019-01-15]. (原始内容存档于2019-01-16). 
  100. ^ Afghanistan ISIS claims targeted assassination with a remote control IED of Afghan Intelligence officer in Green Zone #Kabul. So despite the hunting by Taliban vs IS it continues even if with difficulty in its operations in the heart of Kabul. [2019-01-15]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-13). 
  101. ^ Policeman shot dead by masked gunmen in Nangarhar. Pajhwok. [2019-02-05]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-06). 
  102. ^ IS #Khurasan took credit for assassination in #Jalalabad #Nangarhar #Afghanistan. [2019-02-05]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-13). 
  103. ^ ISIS-K militants kill 2 Taliban group memebers in Laghman province. Khaama Press. [2019-02-26]. (原始内容存档于2019-02-28). 
  104. ^ At Least 17 Killed In Afghanistan Attack As U.S. Sees 'Progress' In Peace Talks. RFE/RL. [2019-03-06]. (原始内容存档于2019-03-06). 
  105. ^ Islamic State claims responsibility for deadly attack in Afghanistan: Amaq. TODAY. [2019-03-06]. (原始内容存档于2019-03-07). 
  106. ^ Three dead after mortar attack on high-profile political gathering in Kabul. Telegraph. [2019-03-07]. (原始内容存档于2019-03-07). 
  107. ^ Islamic State claims attack on Shiite memorial service in Kabul, killing three. Washington Post. [2019-03-07]. (原始内容存档于2019-03-07). 
  108. ^ Pakistan: Deadly explosion rips through Quetta market. aljazeera.com. [2019-04-12]. (原始内容存档于2019-06-11). 
  109. ^ ISIS Khurasan claims responsibility for the attack on telecom ministry in Kabul. The Khaama Press News Agency. 2019-04-21 [2019-04-21]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-21) (美国英语). 
  110. ^ Afghanistan: Scores killed in Kabul wedding blast. Al Jazeera. [2019-08-18]. (原始内容存档于2019-08-18). 
  111. ^ 17 killed in a 'Islamic State' on a Tajik Border Post. VOA News. [2019-11-06]. (原始内容存档于2019-11-06). 
  112. ^ ISIL blamed for deadly attack on Tajik border outpost. Al-Jazeera. 2019-11-06 [2019-12-04]. (原始内容存档于2019-11-29). 
  113. ^ 113.0 113.1 113.2 113.3 113.4 Kabul attack. [2020-11-17]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-07). 
  114. ^ dailyetilaatroz. محقق و خلیلی: حمله بر مراسم سالیاد ترور عبدالعلی مزاری توسط یک هیأت مشترک بررسی شود. روزنامه اطلاعات روز. 2020-03-07 [2020-03-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-27) (fa-IR). 
  115. ^ Dozens killed in Kabul ceremony attack claimed by ISIL. Al Jazeera. 2020-03-06 [2020-03-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-03-07). 
  116. ^ Islamic State Claims Responsibility for Kabul Attack That Killed 27: AMAQ. The New York Times. Reuters. 2020-03-06 [2020-03-07]. 
  117. ^ Militants storm Sikh temple in Afghan capital. BBC News. BBC. 2020-03-25 [2020-05-14]. (原始内容存档于2020-06-06). 
  118. ^ Dozens dead as mothers, infants and mourners targeted in Afghanistan. gulfnews.com. [2020-11-17]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-07). 
  119. ^ Babies killed as gunmen storm maternity ward. 2020-05-12 [2020-11-17]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-23) –通过www.bbc.co.uk. 
  120. ^ Newborns Are Among 37 Killed in Two Attacks in Afghanistan. BNN Bloomberg. 2020-05-12 [2020-05-12]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-19) (英语). 
  121. ^ Afghan attack: Maternity ward death toll climbs to 24. BBC. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-13]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-13) (英语). 
  122. ^ Afghan maternity ward attackers 'came to kill the mothers'. [2020-11-02]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-01). 
  123. ^ Gunmen storm prison in Afghanistan, killing at least 29. Al-Jazeera. 2020-08-03 [2020-08-04]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-04). 
  124. ^ 18 killed in IS attack at Afghan education centre. [2020-11-02]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-13). 
  125. ^ Islamic State claims killing of female TV presenter in Afghanistan. [2020-12-23]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-20). 
  126. ^ Pakistan coal miners kidnapped and killed in IS attack. [2021-01-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-01-08). 
  127. ^ Islamic State says it killed female media workers in east Afghanistan. [2021-03-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-03-03). 
  128. ^ Archived copy. [2021-05-14]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-09). 
  129. ^ 129.0 129.1 Archived copy. [2021-05-28]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-25). 
  130. ^ Archived copy. [2021-05-16]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-15). 
  131. ^ Archived copy. [2021-05-16]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-16). 
  132. ^ Archived copy. [2021-06-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-06-03). 
  133. ^ Archived copy. [2021-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2021-06-09). 
  134. ^ Archived copy. [2021-06-15]. (原始内容存档于2021-06-16). 
  135. ^ https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2021-07-16/pakistan-military-rescues-5-telecom-workers-kidnapped-near-afghan-border
  136. ^ =https://www.indiatvnews.com/amp/news/world/pakistan-taliban-attack-pakistani-soldiers-killed-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-kurram-agency-latest-news-719042
  137. ^ Rockets land near Afghan presidential palace during Eid prayers. Al Jazeera. 2021-07-20 [2021-08-04]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-04). 
  138. ^ Spotlight on Global Jihad (July 29 – August 4, 2021). The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center. [2021-08-06]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-06). 
  139. ^ Spotlight on Global Jihad (July 29 – August 4, 2021). The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center. [2021-08-06]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-06). 
  140. ^ ISKP Claims Killing Pakistani Embassy Employee in Jalalabad. SITE Intelligence Group. [2021-08-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-03). 
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  142. ^ Heratis March against Taliban, Support Afghan Forces. Tolo News. [2021-08-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-03). 
  143. ^ ISKP claimed yesterday they targeted a bus full of Shias in Herat with a sticky bomb.. liveuamap.com. [2021-08-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-03). 
  144. ^ Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 5-11, 2021). The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center. [2021-08-12]. (原始内容存档于2021-08-12). 
  145. ^ US drone attack ‘kills’ ISKP planner in Afghanistan: Live. Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera. [2021-08-28]. 

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