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黑腹菌屬英语Melanogaster (fungus)的假松露黑腹菌Melanogaster tuberiformis

假松露(False truffle, hymenogastrales)是擔子果位於土壤之下,且型態類似子囊菌門松露擔子菌門真菌通稱,從擔子菌門的多個演化支趨同演化而來[1][2]。有部分觀點將子囊菌門中不屬於塊菌屬的松露(如豬塊菌屬)也視為假松露[3][4],也有觀點只將擔子菌門的松露稱為假松露[5]。許多假松露有特別的香氣,可吸引松鼠等小型哺乳動物前來取食,以幫助其散播孢子[6],但有些假松露被認為對人類有毒,只有少數物種可以食用[3][4][7][8][5][9]

參見编辑

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ False_truffle | Define False_truffle at Dictionary.com. Princeton University. 2006 [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2012-10-25). 
  2. ^ Bruns, Thomas D.; Robert Fogel; Thomas J. White; Jeffrey D. Palmer. Accelerated evolution of a false-truffle from a mushroom ancestor. Nature. 1989, 339 (6220): 140–142 [13 June 2010]. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 2716834. doi:10.1038/339140a0. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Rodríguez, Antonio. Trufamania - false truffles. 2008 [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-07). 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Frequently Asked Truffle Questions. North American Truffling Society. 2013-07-30 [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-03-15). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 False truffles. New Brunswick Museum. 2014-04-05 [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-07-17). 
  6. ^ Pegler DN; 等. British puffballs, earthstars and stinkhorns: an account of the British gasteroid fungi. Royal Botanic Gardens. 1995). ISBN 0-947643-81-8. 
  7. ^ O'Reilly, Pat. Elaphomyces granulatus, False Truffle fungus. First Nature. [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-06-16). 
  8. ^ O'Reilly, Pat. Rhizopogon luteolus, Yellow False Truffle fungus. First Nature. [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-07). 
  9. ^ Miller, Danny. Gastroid and Truffle Fungi. Puget Sound Mycological Society. 2017-02-09 [2017-04-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-07).