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共存 (西班牙历史)

共存La Convivencia)是关于西班牙历史的一个学术假说。该假说认为,自8世纪摩尔人征服西班牙起直至1492年驱逐犹太人为止的这一时期是西班牙一个宗教相对宽容的时代。穆斯林基督徒犹太教徒在中世纪的伊比利亚半岛和平共处,形成了一个宗教多元主义的社会,而不同于后来以天主教为绝对主导的西班牙与葡萄牙。

不过,也有一些学者对于该假说持怀疑态度,认为当时不同宗教、文化间并非和谐共存,这一假说源于并不可靠的文献记载。[1][2]

参见编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Dass, Nirmal. Review of The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: Muslims, Christians, and Jews Under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain. Intercollegiate Studies Institute. 20 April 2016 [24 May 2016]. 
  2. ^ [1], Qurtuba: Algunas reflexiones críticas sobre el califato de Córdoba y el mito de la convivencia [Qurtuba: Some Critical Reflections on the Caliphate of Cordova and the Convivencia Myth], by Eduardo Manzano Moreno, Awraq n.° 7. 2013, pp 226-246
  • Ariel, Yaakov: “Was there a Golden Age of Christian-Jewish Relations?” Presentation at a Conference at Boston College, April 2010.
  • Catlos, Brian. The Victors and the Vanquished • Christians and Muslims of Catalonia and Aragon, 1050-1300, 2004. ISBN 0-521-82234-3.
  • Esperanza Alfonso, Islamic culture through Jewish eyes : al-Andalus from the tenth to twelfth century ; 2007, ISBN 978-0-415-43732-5.
  • Fernández-Morera, Darío : "The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise" ; in: the Intercollegiate Review, Fall 2006, pp. 23–31.
  • Mann, Vivian B., Glick, Thomas F., Dodds, & Jerrilynn Denise, Convivencia: Jews, Muslims, and Christians in Medieval Spain. G. Braziller, 1992. ISBN 0-8076-1286-3.
  • O'Shea, Stephen. Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World. Walker & Company, 2006. ISBN 0-8027-1517-6.
  • Pick, Lucy. Conflict and Coexistence: Archbishop Rodrigo and the Muslims and Jews of Medieval Spain. Oxbow Books, 2004. ISBN 0-472-11387-9.
  • María Rosa Menocal, "Ornament of the World • How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain", 2003. ISBN 0-316-56688-8.