典型地区

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典型地区(Type locality),也称为典型区域,是指首次确定的特定岩石类型地层单位矿物种类产地[1]。如果一个地区的地层单位呈层状,则称为层型,而无分层岩石的参考标准则是典型地区[2]

该术语类似考古学中的术语“典型遗址”(type site)或生物学中的术语“标准标本”(type specimen)。

地质典型地区示例编辑

岩石和矿物编辑

构造编辑

另请查看编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Scottish Geology, Glossary: Type locality/area. Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery of the University of Glasgow. [2011-02-05]. (原始内容存档于2002-12-24). 
  2. ^ Stratotypes and Type Localities. International Commission on Stratigraphy. [20 August 2017]. 
  3. ^ Benmoreite. Oxford Index. Oxford University Press. [14 June 2015]. 
  4. ^ Harms U., Koeberl C. & Zoback M. D. Continental Scientific Drilling: A Decade of Progress, and Challenges for the Future. Springer Science & Business Media. 2007: 311. ISBN 978-3540687788. 
  5. ^ Robinson H.H. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 76. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1913: 109. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Rogers, Nick; Stephen Blake; Kevin Burton; Mike Widdowson; Ian Parkinson; Nigel Harris. An introduction to our dynamic planet Co-published. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0521494243. 
  7. ^ State Geologist, Vermont. Report of the State Geologist, Volume 11. 1918: 191. 
  8. ^ Middlemost E. A. K. Magmas and magmatic rocks: an introduction to igneous petrology. Longman. 1985: 89. ISBN 978-0582300804. 
  9. ^ Maier W.D., Lahtinen R. & O'Brien H. Minerals Deposits of Finland. Elsevier. 2015: 302. ISBN 978-0124104761. 
  10. ^ Glikson A.Y. The Archaean: Geological and Geochemical Windows into the Early Earth. Springer. 2014: 75. ISBN 978-3319079080. 
  11. ^ Gill R. Igneous Rocks and Processes: A Practical Guide. John Wiley & Sons. 2010: 328. ISBN 978-1444330656. 
  12. ^ Oftedahl C. Sövite. Encyclopedia of Earth Science. 1989: 544–545. ISBN 978-0-442-20623-9. doi:10.1007/0-387-30845-8_231. 
  13. ^ Dunning G. R. & Grenne T. U-Pb age dating and paleotectonic significance of trondhjemite from the type locality in the Central Norwegian Caledonides (PDF). Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin. 2000, 437: 57–65. 
  14. ^ Senning, Alexander. The Etymology of Chemical Names: Tradition and Convenience vs. Rationality in Chemical Nomenclature. Berlin: De Gruyter. 2019: 391. ISBN 978-3-11-061271-4. 
  15. ^ Temple Butte Limestone, USGS