決明屬

(重定向自决明属

決明屬学名Senna)又名黃槐屬,是豆科決明族的一植物。

決明屬
Cassia senna Ypey80-cropped.jpg
番瀉草 Senna alexandrina
科学分类 e
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 蔷薇类植物 Rosids
目: 豆目 Fabales
科: 豆科 Fabaceae
亚科: 苏木亚科 Caesalpinioideae
族: 决明族 Cassieae
亚族: 決明亞族 Cassiinae
属: 決明屬 Senna
Mill., 1754
模式种
番瀉草
Senna alexandrina
Mill., 1768
多样性[1]
约280种
異名[1]

分類编辑

本屬與山扁豆屬Chamaecrista)過去被當作是阿勒勃屬Cassia)的同物異名,中文都被統稱“決明屬”,但現在這三個近緣類群已被承認為不同的屬,但可以組成決明亞族Cassiinae單系群,屬於蘇木亞科決明族[1]

本屬受承認的280個物種如下[1]

    • Senna acanthoclada (Griseb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna acclinis (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna aciphylla (Benth. ex A.Gray) Randell
    • Senna aculeata (Pohl ex Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna acunae (Borhidi) A.Barreto & Yakovlev
    • Senna acuparata H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna acuruensis (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna acutisepala (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna affinis (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna andrieuxii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna angulata (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna angustisiliqua (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna ankaranensis Du Puy & R.Rabev.
    • Senna anthoxantha (Capuron) Du Puy
    • Senna aphylla (Cav.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna apiculata (M.Martens & Galeotti) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna appendiculata (Vogel) Wiersema
    • Senna apsidoneura (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna araucarietorum H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna argentea (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna arida (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna aristeguietae H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna armata (S.Watson) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna arnottiana (Hook.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna artemisioides (Gaudich. ex DC.) Randell
    • Senna atomaria (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna aurantia (Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna aversiflora (Herb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna aymara H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna baccarinii (Chiov.) Lock
    • Senna bacillaris (L.f.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna barclayana (Sweet) Randell
    • Senna barnebyana Lass.
    • Senna barronfieldii (Colla) Hewson
    • Senna bauhinioides (A.Gray) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna benitoensis (Britton & P.Wilson) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna biglandularis A.O.Araujo & V.C.Souza
    • Senna birostris (Dombey ex Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna bosseri Du Puy & R.Rabev.
    • Senna bracteosa D.B.O.S.Cardoso & L.P.Queiroz
    • Senna brongniartii (Gaudich.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna burkartiana (Villa) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cajamarcae H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cana (Nees & Mart.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna candolleana (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cardiosperma (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna catingae (Harms) L.P.Queiroz
    • Senna caudata (Standl.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cearensis Afr.Fern.
    • Senna centranthera H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cernua (Balb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna chapmanii (Isely) A.Barreto & Yakovlev
    • Senna charlesiana (Symon) Randell
    • Senna chloroclada (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna chrysocarpa (Desv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cladophylla (W.Fitzg.) Randell
    • Senna clavigera (Domin) Randell
    • Senna cobanensis (Britton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna coimbrae M.Nee & Barneby
    • Senna collicola H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna confinis (Greene) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna corifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cornigera H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna coronilloides (Benth.) Randell
    • Senna corymbosa (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna costata (J.F.Bailey & C.T.White) Randell
    • Senna covesii (A.Gray) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna crassiramea (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna crotalarioides (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cruckshanksii (Hook.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cuatrecasasii H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cumingii (Hook. & Arn.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna curvistyla (J.M.Black) Randell
    • Senna cushina (J.F.Macbr.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna cuthbertsonii (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna dardanoi Afr.Fern. & P.Bezerra
    • Senna dariensis (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna davidsonii (V.Singh) V.Singh
    • Senna demissa (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • 长穗决明 Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna divaricata (Nees & Blume) Lock
    • Senna domingensis (Spreng.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna durangensis (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna ellisiae (Brenan) Lock
    • Senna ferraria (Symon) Randell
    • Senna flexuosa (Randell) Randell
    • Senna foetidissima (Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna formosa H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna galeottiana (M.Martens) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna gardneri (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna garrettiana (Craib) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna gaudichaudii (Hook. & Arn.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna georgica H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna glanduligera (H.St.John) A.C.Sm.
    • Senna glaucifolia (Randell) Randell
    • Senna glutinosa (DC.) Randell
    • Senna goniodes (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Randell
    • Senna gossweileri (Baker f.) Lock
    • Senna guatemalensis (Donn.Sm.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna gundlachii (Urb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna hamersleyensis (Symon) Randell
    • Senna harleyi H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna haughtii (J.F.Macbr.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna hayesiana (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna hebecarpa (Fernald) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna heptanthera Randell
    • Senna herzogii (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna hilariana (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • 毛决明 Senna hirsuta (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna holosericea (Fresen.) Greuter
    • Senna holwayana (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna hookeriana Batke
    • Senna huancabambae (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna huidobriana (Phil.) Zoellner & San Martin
    • Senna huilana (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna humifusa (Brenan) Lock
    • Senna incarnata (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna insularis (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna intermedia (B.D.Sharma, Vivek. & Rathakr.) V.Singh
    • Senna italica Mill.
    • Senna itatiaiae H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna koelziana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna kurtzii (Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna lactea (Vatke) Du Puy
    • Senna lasseigniana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna latifolia (G.Mey.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna leandrii (Ghesq.) Du Puy
    • Senna lechriosperma H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna leiophylla (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna leptoclada (Benth.) Randell
    • Senna ligustrina (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna lindheimeriana (Scheele) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna longiglandulosa (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna longiracemosa (Vatke) Lock
    • Senna loretensis (Killip) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna lourteigiana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna macranthera (DC. ex Collad.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna macrophylla (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna magnifolia (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna malaspinae H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna mandonii (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna manicula (Symon) Randell
    • Senna marilandica (L.) Link
    • Senna martiana (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna mensicola (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna meridionalis (R.Vig.) Du Puy
    • Senna mexicana (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna mollissima (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna monilifera H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna monozyx (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna montana (B.Heyne ex Roth) V.Singh
    • Senna morongii (Britton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna mucronifera (Mart. ex Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna multifoliolata (Paul G.Wilson) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna multiglandulosa (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna mutisiana (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna nana (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna neglecta (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna nicaraguensis (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna nitida (Rich.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna notabilis (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna nudicaulis (Burkart) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna obliqua (G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna oblongifolia (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • 決明 Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna oligoclada (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna orcuttii (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna organensis (Glaz. ex Harms) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna oxyphylla (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pachyrrhiza (L.Bravo) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna papillosa (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna paposana (Phil.) Zoellner & San Martin
    • Senna paradictyon (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna paraensis (Ducke) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pendula (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pentagonia (Mill.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna peralteana (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna perrieri (R.Vig.) Du Puy
    • Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock
    • Senna phlebadenia H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna phyllodinea (R.Br.) Symon
    • Senna pilifera (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pilocarina (Symon) Randell
    • Senna pilosior (B.L.Rob.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pinheiroi H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna pistaciifolia (Kunth) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna planitiicola (Domin) Randell
    • Senna pleurocarpa (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna pneumatica H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna podocarpa (Guill. & Perr.) Lock
    • Senna polyantha (Collad.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna praeterita H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna procumbens Randell
    • Senna pumilio (A.Gray) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna punoensis Lass.
    • Senna purpusii (Brandegee) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna quinquangulata (Rich.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna racemosa (Mill.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna reniformis (G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna reticulata (Willd.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna rigidicaulis (Burkart ex L.Bravo) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna ripleyana (H.S.Irwin & Barneby) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna rizzinii H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna robiniifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna roemeriana (Scheele) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna rostrata (Mart.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna rugosa (G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna ruiziana (G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna rupununiensis H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna ruspolii (Chiov.) Lock
    • Senna saeri (Pittier) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna sandwithiana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna santanderensis (Britton & Killip) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna scabriuscula (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna scandens (G.Don) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna sericea (Symon) Albr. & Symon
    • 鐵刀木 Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna silvestris (Vell.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna singueana (Delile) Lock
    • Senna skinneri (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna smithiana (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna sophora Roxb.
    • Senna sousana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna spinescens (Hoffmanns. ex Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna spiniflora (Burkart) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna spinigera (Rizzini) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna splendida (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna stenophylla (Britton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna stipulacea (Aiton) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna stowardii (S.Moore) Randell
    • Senna stricta (Randell) Randell
    • Senna suarezensis (Capuron) Du Puy
    • Senna subtrijuga H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna subulata (Griseb.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • 黄槐 Senna sulfurea (DC. ex Collad.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • 黄槐决明 Senna surattensis (Burm.f.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna symonii (Randell) Randell
    • Senna talpana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna tapajozensis (Ducke) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna tenuifolia (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna timoriensis (DC.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna tocotana (Rose ex Britton & Killip) Silverst.
    • Senna tonduzii (Standl.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna trachypus (Mart. ex Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna trianae H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna trolliiflora H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna tropica (Vell.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna truncata (Brenan) Lock
    • Senna tuhovalyana (Aké Assi) Lock
    • Senna uncata H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna undulata (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna uniflora (Mill.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna unijuga (Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna urmenetae (Phil.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna vargasii (Schery) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna velutina (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna venusta (F.Muell.) Randell
    • Senna versicolor (Meyen ex Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna viarum (Little) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna viciifolia (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna viguierella (Ghesq.) Du Puy
    • Senna villosa (Mill.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna viminea (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna weddelliana H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna williamsii (Britton & Rose) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna wislizeni (A.Gray) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
    • Senna wurdackii H.S.Irwin & Barneby

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Senna Mill.. Plants of the World Online. Kew Science. [2019-12-29]. 

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