區連(?-?)是占城第一王朝的建立者。《後漢書》作區憐[1]梁書》作區達[2]區連可能是占婆碑文中的「釋利摩羅」(Sri Mara),[3][4][5]但也有學者認為「釋利摩羅」實為扶南國王范師蔓[6][7][8]

根據中國史料的記載,區連原為東漢象林縣功曹。137年(永和二年),區連率領占族數千人起兵,攻打象林縣,殺死縣令。隨後佔領了整個日南郡,自稱「林邑王」。交趾刺史樊演交趾郡九真郡的士兵一萬餘人前往征討。漢軍害怕遠征,發生嘩變,因此樊演兵敗。消息傳至雒陽漢順帝欲發四州共四萬人兵力前往鎮壓,被大臣李固勸止。

區連死後,林邑國王位傳數世,其後國王無嗣,立外甥范熊為王。

腳注编辑

  1. ^ 《後漢書卷八十六·南蠻西南夷列傳》:"永和二年,日南、象林徼外蛮夷區憐等数千人攻象林县,烧城寺,杀长吏"
  2. ^ 《梁書卷五十四·諸夷·海南諸國·林邑國》
  3. ^ 邱新民, 东南亚文化交通史 Singapore Society of Asian Studies - 1984- Page 184 "晋书卷九十七林邑国传说: "后汉末,县功曹姓区,有子日连,杀令自立为王,子孙相承"。其详细情形,据水经注卷三十六引林邑记说: "国无文史,失其籌代,世数难详"。但据一般的研究,以为林邑王统的始祖,是碑文中所载的释利摩罗"
  4. ^ Jump up ^Milton Walter Meyer Asia: A Concise History 1997 Page 63 "around the beginning of the third century a Hindu ruler named Sri Mara founded the kingdom of Champa and conquered ..."
  5. ^ The Periphery of China --Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Tibet, and Mongolia. [2009-07-04]. (原始内容存档于2009-05-12). 
  6. ^ Dougald J. W. O'Reilly Early Civilizations of Southeast Asia - 2007 -Page 131 "preferred to identify Sri Mara with Fan Shi-man of Funan (circa 230 C.E.). This view is indirectly supported by Filliozat (1968) and Jacques (1969, 123).
  7. ^ H. R. Chakrabartty Vietnam, Kampuchea, Laos, bound in comradeship: a panoramic study 1988 - Volume 2 - Page 423 "Maintaining his tempo of triumphs, Fan Shih-man, or Sri Mara, conquered most of Siam, central Burma and northern Malaya.5 According to Chinese sources, the Great King died in action while campaigning in Chin-lin, meaning 'Frontier of ."
  8. ^ Kelley Ross webpage "The Periphery of China -- Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Tibet, and Mongolia页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)"
前任:
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占城國國王
137年—?
繼任:
不詳