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卢森尼亚人,与鲁塞尼亚人经常混同,是斯拉夫人的一支。以卢森尼亚语为母语。目前卢森尼亚人的数量大约有55,000人。他们大部分居住罗马尼亚斯洛伐克乌克兰等国。有人[谁?]认为卢森尼亚人不属于东斯拉夫人,也有人[谁?]认为卢森尼亚人只是乌克兰人的一支。大部分卢森尼亚人信奉东正教。但卢森尼亚(Rusynia)一词的词根却跟俄罗斯(Russia)一词的词根同出于罗斯(rus)一词,可见东斯拉夫民族间的历史渊源。

Rusyns

Flag of Carpathian Ruthenia.svg
Flag of Carpathian Ruthenia

Karpatska Ukraina-2 COA.svg
Coat of Arms of Carpathian Ruthenia
總人口
75,000–85,000[a]
分佈地區
 斯洛伐克 33,482[1]
 塞爾維亞 14,246[2]
 烏克蘭 10,183[3]
 美國 8,934 [note 1][4]
 克罗地亚 2,879[5]
 匈牙利 2,342[6]
 捷克 1,109[7]
 波蘭 at 638–10,531 [note 2][8]
 羅馬尼亞 at least 200 [note 3][9][10][11]
語言
Rusyn · Ukrainian · Slovak · Serbian
宗教信仰
Mostly Greek Catholic (Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church) with Eastern Orthodox minority (Russian Orthodox Church and Serbian Orthodox Church)
相關民族
Other Slavs
(especially Ukrainians · Boykos
Hutsuls · Lemkos)

目录

註解编辑

  1. ^ The total figure is merely an estimation; sum of all the referenced populations below.
  1. ^ Respondents in the U.S. census identified as Carpatho Rusyn
  2. ^ According to the 2011 Polish census, 10,531 respondents identified as Lemkos, separately from Rusyns.
  3. ^ While an estimated 200 people identified themselves as "Rusyns" in 2011, in the 2002 Romanian census, 3,890 people identified as Hutsuls (Romanian: Huțuli; Rusyn Hutsuly) – a minority whose members often identifiy or are regarded as a subgroup of the Rusyns. A further 61,091 Romanian citizens identified as Ukrainian (Romanian: Ucraineni). As the archaic exonym "Ruthenians" was applied indiscriminately to both Rusyns and Ukrainians, some Ukrainian-Romanians may also regard themselves as Rusyns in the sense of a subgroup of a broader Ukrainian identity.

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Permanently resident population by nationality and by regions and districts (PDF). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2011. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2012-04-17) (斯洛伐克语). 
  2. ^ Становништво према националној припадности [Population by ethnicity]. Serbian Republic Institute of Statistics. (原始内容存档于2013-04-16) (塞尔维亚语). 
  3. ^ Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова [Number of persons individual ethnographic groups of the Ukrainian ethnicity and their native language]. ukrcensus.gov.ua. 2001 [4 March 2016] (乌克兰语).  Карта говорiв української мови, 10.10.2008; Энциклопедический словарь: В 86 томах с иллюстрациями и дополнительными материалами. Edited by Андреевский, И.Е. − Арсеньев, К.К. − Петрушевский, Ф.Ф. − Шевяков, В.Т., s.v. Русины. Online version. Вологда, Russia: Вологодская областная универсальная научная библиотека, 2001 (1890−1907), 10.10.2008; Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Edited by Gordon, Raymond G., Jr., s.v. Rusyn. Fifteenth edition. Online version. Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.: SIL International, 2008 (2005), 10.10.2008; Eurominority: Peoples in search of freedom. Edited by Bodlore-Penlaez, Mikael, s.v. Ruthenians. Quimper, France: Organization for the European Minorities, 1999–2008, 10.10.2008.
  4. ^ Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported, 2010 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. [November 30, 2012]. 
  5. ^ STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NARODNOSTI, PO GRADOVIMA/OPĆINAMA, POPIS 2001 [Population by ethnicity in cities and municipalities, 2001 Census]. State Institute for Statistics of the Republic of Croatia. (克罗地亚语). 
  6. ^ Vukovich, Gabriella. Mikrocenzus 2016 - 12. Nemzetiségi adatok [2016 microcensus - 12. Ethnic data] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Budapest). 2018 [9 January 2019]. ISBN 978-963-235-542-9 (匈牙利语). 
  7. ^ Rusínská národnostní menšina. [18 March 2015]. 
  8. ^ Ludność. Stan i struktura demograficzno społeczna [State and structure of the social demographics of the population] (PDF). Central Statistical Office of Poland: 91. 2013 [14 April 2013] (波兰语). 
  9. ^ Moser, Michael. "Rusyn". (编) Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi & Catherine Gibson. The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders. Basingstoke UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 2016: 132 (英语). 
  10. ^ Populaţia după etnie (PDF). Institutul Naţional de Statistică. [2011-10-28] (罗马尼亚语). 
  11. ^ Date naţionale. Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank. [2011-10-28]. (原始内容存档于2011-09-29) (罗马尼亚语). 

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