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台湾马醉木学名Pieris taiwanensis Hayata)为杜鹃花科马醉木属下的一个种。別名為台灣梫木台灣桂木。是常綠性的矮灌木,主要生長環境為向陽坡面。全世界馬醉木屬的植物有十種,台灣只有一種,即為台灣馬醉木。是少數台灣原生物種從低海拔一直到三千多公尺海拔都有分布的物種,北部在低海拔山區即有出現,南部則分布在稍高海拔的地區。花期為三月到六月。

 
台湾马醉木
台灣馬醉木的花序
台灣馬醉木的花序
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
門: 木兰植物门 Magnoliophyta
綱: 木兰纲 Magnoliopsida
目: 杜鹃花目 Ericales
科: 杜鹃花科 Ericaceae
屬: 马醉木属 Pieris
種: 台湾马醉木 P. taiwanensis
二名法
Pieris taiwanensis
Hayata, 1911

目录

特徵编辑

葉為革質,全緣倒批針型,葉子為綠色,幼葉為粉紅或紅色,葉叢生。花長約一公分,為白色花瓣,下垂呈現半展開的燈籠狀,總狀或圓錐花序,看起來一大串。

命名编辑

台灣馬醉木全株有毒,馬吃了會像喝醉一樣昏倒不醒,所以稱之。莖葉、種子有劇毒。

參考資料编辑

扩展阅读编辑


Pieris taiwanensis Hayata is a species of the genus Rhododendron. The alias is Taiwanese Elm and Taiwanese Guimu. It is an evergreen shrub with a main growing environment on the sunny slope. There are ten kinds of plants in the world, and there is only one species in Taiwan. It is a small number of native species of Taiwan that have been distributed from low altitude to more than 3,000 meters. The flowering period is from March to June.


Features编辑

The leaves are leathery, the whole needle is inverted, the leaves are green, the young leaves are pink or red, and the leaves are clumped. The flower is about one centimeter long and is a white petal with a semi-expanded lantern-like shape and a large inflorescence.

Name编辑

Taiwan's horse drunk wood is poisonous, and the horse will faint like a drunk, so call it.