吸血鬼蟹屬

吸血鬼蟹屬Geosesarma),又名陸相手蟹屬[2],是短尾下目方蟹總科相手蟹科以下的一個。本屬之前被劃歸方蟹科,今從相手蟹科。本屬物種體形細小,其頭胸甲寬度不超過10毫米(0.4英寸)[3]。本屬物種會在淡水或陸上生活,但在繁殖時無需返回海裡,被認為是真正的陸生蟹[4]

吸血鬼蟹属Infobox info icon2.svg
Vampirkrabbe.jpg
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 节肢动物门 Arthropoda
亚门: 甲殼亞門 Crustacea
纲: 软甲纲 Malacostraca
目: 十足目 Decapoda
科: 相手蟹科 Sesarmidae
属: 吸血鬼蟹属 Geosesarma
De Man英语Johannes Govertus de Man, 1892
模式種
Sesarma noduliferum [1]
de Man, 1892

出沒於印度[5]、到東南亞一帶,遠至所羅門群島夏威夷亦可找到牠們的踪影[3]

物種编辑

根據世界海洋物种目录(WoRMS),本屬包含以下各個物種[1]

  • Geosesarma aedituens Naruse & Jaafar, 2009
  • Geosesarma albomita Yeo & Ng, 1999
  • Geosesarma amphinome (De Man, 1899)
  • Geosesarma angustifrons (A. Milne-Edwards, 1869)
  • Geosesarma araneum (Nobili, 1899)
  • Geosesarma aurantium Ng, 1995
  • Geosesarma bau Ng & Jongkar, 2004
  • 二色陆相手蟹 Geosesarma bicolor Ng & Davie, 1995
  • Geosesarma cataracta Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma celebense (Schenkel, 1902)
  • Geosesarma clavicrure (Schenkel, 1902)
  • Geosesarma confertum (Ortmann, 1894)
  • Geosesarma danumense Ng, 2003
  • 福克斯陆相手蟹 Geosesarma foxi (Kemp, 1918)
  • Geosesarma gordonae (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma gracillimum (De Man, 1902)
  • 婚礼陆相手蟹 Geosesarma hednon Ng, Liu & Schubart, 2003
  • Geosesarma ianthina Pretzmann, 1985
  • Geosesarma insulare Ng, 1986
  • 约翰逊陆相手蟹 Geosesarma johnsoni (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma katibas Ng, 1995
  • Geosesarma krathing Ng & Naiyanetr, 1992
  • Geosesarma lawrencei Manuel-Santos & Yeo, 2007
  • Geosesarma leprosum (Schenkel, 1902)
  • Geosesarma maculatum (De Man, 1892)
  • 马来吸血鬼蟹 Geosesarma malayanum Ng & Lim, 1986
  • 奇异陆相手蟹 Geosesarma mirum Shy & Hg, 2019
  • Geosesarma nannophyes (De Man, 1885)
  • Geosesarma nemesis Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma noduliferum (De Man, 1892)
  • Geosesarma notophorum Ng & C. G. S. Tan, 1995
  • Geosesarma ocypodum (Nobili, 1899)
  • Geosesarma penangense (Tweedie, 1940)
  • Geosesarma peraccae (Nobili, 1903)
  • Geosesarma protos Ng & Takeda, 1992
  • Geosesarma rathbunae (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma rouxi (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma sabanum Ng, 1992
  • Geosesarma sarawakense (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma scandens Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma serenei Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma solomonense (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma starmuhlneri Pretzmann, 1984
  • Geosesarma sumatraense Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma sylvicola (De Man, 1892)
  • Geosesarma ternatense (Serène, 1968)
  • Geosesarma teschi Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma thelxinoe (De Man, 1908)
  • Geosesarma tiomanicum Ng, 1986
  • Geosesarma vicentense (Rathbun, 1914)

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Peter Davie. Geosesarma de Man, 1892. WoRMS. 2012 [2012-11-08] (英语). 
  2. ^ 施習德. 海岸泥灘地的蟹兵日記. 2013-09-17 [2014-06-10]. (原始内容存档于2016-07-08) (中文(繁體)). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Richard G. Hartnoll. Evolution, systematics, and geographical distribution. Warren W. Burggren & Brian R. McMahon (编). Biology of the Land Crabs. Cambridge University Press. 1998: 6–54. ISBN 9780521306904. [永久失效連結]
  4. ^ Christoph D. Schubart, Hung-Chand Liu & José A. Cuesta. A new genus and species of tree-climbing crab (Crustacea: Brachyura: Sesarmidae) from Taiwan with notes on its ecology and larval morphology (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2003, 51 (1): 49–59 [2014-06-10]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2012-02-06). 
  5. ^ S. K. Pati, M. K. Dev Roy & R. M. Sharma. Freshwater crabs (PDF). Checklist of Indian fauna. Zoological Survey of India. [2012-08-11]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2013-09-17).