埃希氏菌属

埃希氏菌属學名Escherichia)為肠杆菌目肠杆菌科的一[2]。本属成员是两端钝圆的革兰氏阴性杆菌,为人和动物肠道中较多见的正常菌群之一,能合成维生素B、K等。一般不致病,偶而引起肠外感染(如尿路感染)。某些血清型能导致腹泻等肠道症状。是国际上广泛使用的卫生监督指示菌,可作为饮水、食品等卫生检定的指标。[3][4][5][6][7][8]

埃希氏菌属
EscherichiaColi NIAID.jpg
大腸桿菌
科学分类 e
界: 原核生物界 Bacteria
门: 變形菌門 Proteobacteria
纲: γ-變形菌綱 Gammaproteobacteria
目: 肠杆菌目 Enterobacterales
科: 肠杆菌科 Enterobacteriaceae
属: 埃希氏菌属 Escherichia
Castellani & Chalmers, 1919
模式种
大肠杆菌
Escherichia coli
(Migula, 1895) Castellani & Chalmers, 1919

人類大腸中常見的大肠杆菌Escherichia coli)是本屬的模式種

下属物种编辑

  • Escherichia adecarboxylata Leclerc 1962 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • 艾伯特埃希菌 Escherichia albertii Huys et al. 2003
  • Escherichia blattae Burgess et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • 大肠杆菌 Escherichia coli (Migula 1895) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • 费格森埃希菌 Escherichia fergusonii Farmer et al. 1985
  • 赫尔曼埃希菌 Escherichia hermannii Brenner et al. 1983
  • 旱獭埃希菌 Escherichia marmotae Liu et al. 2015
  • Escherichia ruysiae van der Putten et al. 2021
  • 傷口埃希菌 Escherichia vulneris Brenner et al. 1983

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Genus: Escherichia. LPSN. [2020-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2020-10-31). 
  2. ^ Madigan M; Martinko J (编). Brock Biology of Microorganisms 11th. Prentice Hall. 2005. ISBN 0-13-144329-1. 
  3. ^ Leung, J. M.; Gallant, C. V., Infections due to Escherichia and Shigella☆, Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences (Elsevier), 2014-01-01 [2020-08-21], ISBN 978-0-12-801238-3 (英语) 
  4. ^ Guentzel MN. Baron S; 等 , 编. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter, and Proteus. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology 4th. Univ of Texas Medical Branch. 1996. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. (via NCBI Bookshelf). 
  5. ^ Ronald A. The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens. Disease-a-Month. 2003, 49 (2): 71–82. PMID 12601338. doi:10.1067/mda.2003.8. 
  6. ^ Pien, FD; Shrum, S; Swenson, JM; Hill, BC; Thornsberry, C; Farmer JJ, 3rd. Colonization of human wounds by Escherichia vulneris and Escherichia hermannii.. Journal of clinical microbiology. 1985-08, 22 (2): 283–5. PMID 3897270. doi:10.1128/JCM.22.2.283-285.1985. 
  7. ^ Chaudhury A, Nath G, Tikoo A, Sanyal SC. Enteropathogenicity and antimicrobial susceptibility of new Escherichia spp. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1999, 17 (2): 85–7. PMID 10897892. 
  8. ^ Bennett, John. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. 2015. ISBN 9781455748013; Access provided by the University of Pittsburgh