天才

具有卓越智力,創造力或原創性的人

天才[1][2](英語:Genius)是指某人展現了卓越的智力創意。而此創意則通常指在某一或某些領域展現前所未有的洞察力。有天才在風格和獨創性規則創造性的高效率,普遍性。在科學上,對天才兩個字並沒有準確的定義。而天才這個用語模棱两可,也依舊是爭論性的議題。天才可以形容一個人的某種特殊才能,也可以用在通曉各方面學問的博學家(通才),例如:亞里斯多德萊布尼茲艾薩克·牛頓李奧納多·達文西高斯尤拉龐加萊,或是一個領域的佼佼者,例如:阿爾伯特·愛因斯坦史蒂芬·霍金

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ genius. Oxford English Dictionary 2. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 1989. 
  2. ^ Pam Peters, Pam. The Cambridge guide to English usage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004: 226. ISBN 0-521-62181-X. The Latin plural genii is only used in reference to mythical spirits... 

延伸閱讀编辑

  • Harold Bloom. Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds. Warner Books. November 2002. ISBN 0-446-52717-3. 
  • Clifford A. Pickover. Strange Brains and Genius: The Secret Lives of Eccentric Scientists and Madmen. Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1998-05-01. ISBN 0-306-45784-9. 
  • James Gleick. Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman. Pantheon. 1992-09-29. ISBN 0-679-40836-3. 
  • Stephen Jay Gould. The Mismeasure of Man, revised and expanded. W. W. Norton. 1991. ISBN 0-393-03972-2. 
  • David Galenson. Old Masters and Young Geniuses: The Two Life Cycles of Artistic Creativity. Princeton University Press. 2005-12-27. ISBN 0-691-12109-5. 
  • Francis Galton. Hereditary Genius. ISBN 0312369891. 
  • Simonton, Dean Keith. Origins of genius: Darwinian perspectives on creativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1999. ISBN 0195128796. 
  • Simonton, Dean Keith. Creativity in Science: Chance, Logic, Genius, and Zeitgeist. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2004. ISBN 052154369X. 
  • Simonton, Dean Keith. Genius 101. New York: Springer. 2009. ISBN 978-0-8261-0627-8. Lay summary (28 July 2010). 

参見编辑

外部連結编辑