奧里維亞

奧里維亞希臘語Óλβια)是米利都人在南布格河河口建立的殖民地,與別列贊島隔海相望。是此地主要的商業中心,將黑海的穀物、魚、奴隸等出口到希臘雅典的貨物進口到斯基泰

古希臘人在黑海-亞速海沿岸的殖民地。左三為奧里維亞

內部编辑

大體上呈三角形,佔地約五十公頃,被石牆與塔所圍繞。下城主要是船塢、工匠住處,上城則主要是由住宅區構成,並大多分散在公共辯論場所與神廟附近。

延伸閱讀编辑

  • Classical Olbia and the Scythian World: From the Sixth Century BC to the Second Century AD (Proceedings of the British Academy, 142). Edited by David Braund and S.D. Kryzhitskiy. Oxford: Oxford University Press/British Academy, 2007 (hardcover, ISBN 978-0-19-726404-1).
  • Krapivina, Valentina; Diatroptov, Pavel. "An Inscription of Mithradates VI Eupator's Governor from Olbia", Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, Vol. 11, Issue 3/4. (2005), pp. 167–180.