弗拉芒利益

比利時政黨

弗拉芒利益(荷兰语:Vlaams Belang),比利时荷兰语极右翼政党,成立于2004年。由于其种族主义及反移民的言行,所有其他比利时荷语区及法語區均宣称不会在联合政府中与其合作。

弗拉芒利益
Vlaams Belang
领袖布魯諾·瓦克尼耶
成立2004年11月14日
前身弗拉芒集團
总部Madouplein 8 bus 9
1210 Brussels
青年组织Vlaams Belang Jongeren
意识形态弗拉芒民族主義[1][2]
分離主義[1][2]
民族保守主義[3]
社会保守主义[4]
歐洲懷疑主義[5]
右翼民粹主義[2][6]
政治立场右派[7]极右翼[8]
欧洲议会党团無所屬
官方色彩黃色、黑色
眾議院
12 / 150
參議院
3 / 40
弗拉芒議會
20 / 124
布鲁塞尔-首都大区议会
3 / 89
歐洲議會
2 / 22
官方网站
www.vlaamsbelang.org
比利時政治
政党 · 选举

1978年12月,弗拉芒国家党弗拉芒人民党合并为弗拉芒集团(Vlaams Blok)。2004年,更名为弗拉芒利益党。现任党主席布鲁诺·瓦克尼耶(Mr. Bruno Valkeniers)

书目编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Wingfield, George. Belgium. Infobase Publishing. 2008: 104 [2011-12-18]. ISBN 9780791096703. (原始内容存档于2014-07-07). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Nordsieck, Wolfram. Flanders/Belgium. Parties and Elections in Europe. 2019 [2019-05-30]. (原始内容存档于2019-08-31). 
  3. ^ Thompson, Wayne C. Western Europe 2008. Stryker Post Pubns. 2008: 201. ISBN 9781887985987. 
  4. ^ Bèland, Daniel. Nationalism and Social Policy. Oxford University Press. 2008: 196. 
  5. ^ Belgians' pride in EU role quells euroscepticism 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆. EUobserver. Published 6 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  6. ^ Hans-Jürgen Bieling. Uneven development and 'European crisis constitutionalism', or the reasons for and conditions of a 'passive revolution in trouble'. (编) Johannes Jäger; Elisabeth Springler. Asymmetric Crisis in Europe and Possible Futures: Critical Political Economy and Post-Keynesian Perspectives. Routledge. 2015: 110 [2020-05-25]. ISBN 978-1-317-65298-4. (原始内容存档于2016-06-10). 
  7. ^ Political Geography 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
    p.145
    Google Books.
    Authors - Joe Painter and Alex Jeffery.
    Published by Sage in Los Angeles, United States.
    First published in 2009.
  8. ^
    • Art, David. Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe. Cambridge University Press. 2011: 106–107. 
    • Coffé, Hilde; Dewulf, Jeroen. Wavering between Radical and Moderate: The Discourse of the Vlaams Belang in Flanders (Belgium). Doublespeak: The Rhetoric of the Far Right since 1945 (ibidem). 2014: 162–163. 
    • Downs, William M. Political Extremism in Democracies: Combating Intolerance. Palgrave Macmillan. 2012: 6, 85. 
    • Erk, Jan. From Vlaams Blok to Vlaams Belang: The Belgian Far-Right Renames Itself. West European Politics. 2005, 28 (3): 493–502. doi:10.1080/01402380500085681. 
    • Hainsworth, Paul. The Extreme Right in Western Europe. Routledge. 2008: 6. 
    • Jamin, Jérôme. Extreme-Right Discourse in Belgium: A Comparative Regional Approach. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe: From Local to Transnational (Routledge). 2012: 68. 
    • Laible, Janet. 'Back to the Future' with Vlaams Belang? Flemish Nationalism as a Modernizing Project in a Post-Modern European Union. Multiplicity of Nationalism in Contemporary Europe (Lexington Books). 2010: 136, 142. 
    • Leman, Johan. 'Flemish Interest' (VB) and Islamophobia: Political, legal and judicial dealings. From the Far Right to the Mainstream: Islamophobia in Party Politics and the Media (Campus Verlag). 2012: 69–90. 
    • Vogt, Roland. Belgium: A Nation-State without a National Identity?. European National Identities: Elements, Transitions, Conflicts (Transaction). 2014: 14. 

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