性別分化障礙


性別分化障礙(英語: Disorders of sex development, DSDs)是涉及生殖系统的医学症狀。[1]更具体地说,这些术语是指“染色体,性腺不符合男性或女性身體的典型二元概念的先天性症狀”。[2]

Disorders of sex development
类型先天性障碍
分类和外部资源
醫學專科泌尿外科婦產科學內分泌學
MeSHD012734
Orphanet90771

该术语一直存在争议,研究表明,受影响的人士会受到负面影响,术语会影响医疗服务提供者的選擇和采用。[3]世界卫生组织和许多医学期刊仍将DSD列为双性人的特征或条件。[4]歐洲理事會和美洲人权委员会呼吁对医疗分类进行审查,以免对双性人特征进行不必要的医学治疗。[5][6][7]

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Diamond, Milton; Hazel G. Beh. Changes in the management of children with intersex conditions. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. January 2008, 4 (1): 4–5 [18 September 2012]. PMID 17984980. doi:10.1038/ncpendmet0694. 
  2. ^ Lee P. A., Houk C. P., Ahmed S. F., Hughes I. A.; Houk; Ahmed; Hughes. Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders. Pediatrics. 2006, 118 (2): e488–500. PMID 16882788. doi:10.1542/peds.2006-0738. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Emilie K.; Rosoklija, Ilina; Finlayson, Courtney; Chen, Diane; Yerkes, Elizabeth B.; Madonna, Mary Beth; Holl, Jane L.; Baratz, Arlene B.; Davis, Georgiann. Attitudes towards “disorders of sex development” nomenclature among affected individuals. Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2017-12, 13 (6): 608.e1–608.e8. ISSN 1477-5131. doi:10.1016/j.jpurol.2017.03.035 (英语). 
  4. ^ Rebecca Jordan-Young, Peter Sönksen, and Katrina Karkazis. Sex, health, and athletes. British Medical Journal. 2014, 348: g2926. PMID 24776640. doi:10.1136/bmj.g2926. 
  5. ^ Council of Europe; Commissioner for Human Rights. Human rightsand intersex people. 
  6. ^ Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos. ViolenciaPersonasLGBTI (PDF). 
  7. ^ European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. The fundamental rights situation of intersex people (PDF).