朱顶红属

石蒜科的一属植物

朱顶红屬学名Hippeastrum),属单子叶植物天門冬目石蒜科,为多年生鳞茎植物。分類上有時會與孤挺花属Amaryllis)混淆,甚至有時作為其異名使用。

朱頂紅屬Infobox info icon.svg
Hippeastrum reginae.jpg
Hippeastrum reginae
科学分类 e
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 维管植物 Tracheophyta
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 单子叶植物 Monocots
目: 天門冬目 Asparagales
科: 石蒜科 Amaryllidaceae
亚科: 石蒜亚科 Amaryllidoideae
属: 朱頂紅屬 Hippeastrum
Herb.[1][2][3]
模式种
Hippeastrum reginae
(L.) Herb.[4]
異名[5]

叶6-8枚,呈宽带型,顶生伞状花序。每年春夏之交开,花漏斗状,似百合花,花色鲜艳,大多为红色,也有粉、白等色。通常用鳞茎种子繁殖,鱗莖大小在5-12釐米左右,有毒。[16]

性较喜阴,不耐寒,原产于南美洲热带地区,17世纪传入欧洲。因其花期长,花型美观而倍受人们喜爱。現在世界許多國家有栽培。

命名编辑

其學名取自古希臘語,意思是“騎士之星”。其中“ἱππεύς”(hippeus)的意思是騎士,“ἄστρον”(astron)的意思是星星。[17]

分類编辑

 
Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium. 白肋朱頂紅,台灣台中市。

該屬下分數個亞屬,但存在爭議,現在生物分類學上通常不使用這些命名:[18][19]

該屬下有近百種植物,[1],此外還有Hippeastrum x johnsonii等雜交種。

  • Hippeastrum aglaiae (A.Cast.) Hunz. & A.A.Cocucci
  • Hippeastrum amaru (Vargas) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum andreanum Baker
  • Hippeastrum angustifolium Pax
  • Hippeastrum apertispathum (Traub) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum arboricola (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum argentinum (Pax) Hunz.
  • Hippeastrum aulicum (Ker Gawl.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum aviflorum (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum blossfeldiae (Traub & J.L.Doran) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum brasilianum (Traub & J.L.Doran) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum breviflorum Herb.
  • Hippeastrum bukasovii (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum caiaponicum (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum calyptratum (Ker Gawl.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum canastrense Dutilh & R.S.Oliveira
  • Hippeastrum canterae Arechav.
  • Hippeastrum canterai Arechav.
  • Hippeastrum cardenasii R.Vásquez & R.Lara
  • Hippeastrum caupolicanense (Cárdenas) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum cipoanum (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum condemaitae (Vargas & E.Pérez) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum correiense (Bury) Worsley
  • Hippeastrum curitibanum (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum cuzcoense (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum cybister (Herb.) Benth. ex Baker
  • Hippeastrum damazianum Beauverd
  • Hippeastrum diniz-cruziae Dutilh & Semir
  • Hippeastrum divifrancisci (Cárdenas) R.Lara & R.Vásquez
  • Hippeastrum divijulianum (Cárdenas) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum doraniae (Traub) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum elegans (Spreng.) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum espiritense (Traub) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum evansiae (Traub & I.S.Nelson) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum evansii (Traub & I.S.Nelson) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum ferreyrae (Traub) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum flavum (Phil.) Christenh. & Byng, 2018
  • Hippeastrum flavus Phil.
  • Hippeastrum forgetii Worsley
  • Hippeastrum fragrantissimum (Cárdenas) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum fuscum Kraenzl.
  • Hippeastrum gertianum (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum glaucescens (Mart. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum goianum (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum guarapuavicum (Ravenna) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum harrisonii (Lindl.) Hook.f.
  • Hippeastrum haywardii (Traub & Uphof) R.Lara & R.Vásquez
  • Hippeastrum hemographes (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum hugoi (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum hybr
  • Hippeastrum hybridum hort. ex Velenovsky
  • Hippeastrum idimae Dutilh & R.S.Oliveira
  • Hippeastrum iguazuanum (Ravenna) T.R.Dudley & M.Williams
  • Hippeastrum incachacanum (Cárdenas) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum intiflorum (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum johnsonii (Gowen) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum kromeri (Worsley) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum lapacense (Cárdenas) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum lavrense (Ravenna) R.S.Oliveira & Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum leonardii (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum leopoldii T.Moore
  • Hippeastrum leucobasis (Ravenna) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum lunaris Campos-Rocha & Meerow
  • Hippeastrum macbridei (Vargas) Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum machupijchense (Vargas) D.R.Hunt
  • Hippeastrum mandonii Baker
  • Hippeastrum maracasum (Traub) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum marumbiense (Ravenna) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum mauroi Campos-Rocha & Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum menesesii R.Vásquez & R.Lara
  • Hippeastrum minasgerais (Traub) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum miniatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum mollevillquense (Cárdenas) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum monanthum (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum morelianum Lem.
  • Hippeastrum nelsonii (Cárdenas) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum oconequense (Traub) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum organense Hook.
  • Hippeastrum papilio (Ravenna) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum paquichanum (Cárdenas) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum paradisiacum (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum paranaense (Traub) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum pardinum (Hook.f.) Dombrain
  • Hippeastrum pardinum J.J.Veitch, 1867
  • Hippeastrum pardinum Lem.
  • Hippeastrum parodii Hunz. & A.A.Cocucci
  • Hippeastrum peruvianum Meerow & Campos-Rocha
  • Hippeastrum petiolatum Pax
  • Hippeastrum pseudopardinum (Cárdenas) R.Vásquez & R.Lara
  • Hippeastrum psittacinum (Ker Gawl.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss
  • Hippeastrum ramboi R.E.Bastian & Büneker
  • Hippeastrum regina-vittatum Herb.
  • Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum reginae Linnaeus, 1759
  • Hippeastrum reticulatum (L'Hér.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum robustum A.Dietr., 1852
  • Hippeastrum roseoalbum R.S.Oliveira & Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum rubropictum (Ravenna) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum sanfranciscanum Dutilh & R.S.Oliveira
  • Hippeastrum santacatarina (Traub) Dutilh
  • Hippeastrum scopulorum Baker
  • Hippeastrum starkiorum (I.S.Nelson & Traub) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum stylosum Herb.
  • Hippeastrum sylvatica Mart.
  • Hippeastrum teyucuarense (Ravenna) Van Scheepen
  • Hippeastrum traubii (Moldenke) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum umabisanum (Cárdenas) Meerow
  • Hippeastrum unguiculata Mart.
  • Hippeastrum vanleestenii (Traub) H.E.Moore
  • Hippeastrum variegatum Gereau & Brako
  • Hippeastrum verdianum Büneker & R.E.Bastian
  • Hippeastrum viridiflorum Rusby
  • Hippeastrum vittatum (L'Hér.) Herb.
  • Hippeastrum wilsoniae L.J.Doran & F.W.Mey.
  • Hippeastrum wilsonii L.J.Doran & F.W.Mey.
  • Hippeastrum yungacense (Cárdenas & I.S.Nelson) Meerow
杂交种
  • Hippeastrum ×batemannii Herb. Herb.
  • Hippeastrum ×benthamii Herb. Herb.
  • Hippeastrum ×brookesii Herb. Herb.
  • Hippeastrum ×gravianae M.Roem. M.Roem.
  • Hippeastrum ×hendersonii
  • Hippeastrum ×hortorum Maatsch Maatsch
  • Hippeastrum ×splendens Herb. Herb.
归入本属的物种:
  • Carlotea formosissimum Arruda
  • Carlotea speciosa Arruda
  • Moldenkea lateritia Traub

参考文献编辑

書籍编辑

一般性编辑

分類學编辑

期刊論文编辑

網站编辑

數據庫编辑