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出土的刻有铭文的舍利罐

比普羅瓦(Piprahwa),印度鄉鎮,位於北方邦錫達特那加爾縣,以生產火山黑鹽,卡拉那瑪克(Kala Namak)而聞名。

古代相傳釋迦牟尼入滅後,火化所得舍利分至八個窣堵坡,分別奉祠,此地為其中之一。1897年,英國人佩普(William Claxton Peppé)在此地發現了古代窣堵坡遺址,并根據碑銘研究專家George Bühler對舍利罐銘文的解讀而撰寫了“发现佛陀骨灰”的报告,此後學者们對此銘文的解讀進行了持久的爭論。

大英博物館早期南亞及喜馬拉雅收藏前館長Michael Willis在2012年提出指控,稱發掘出的骨灰罐上的銘文,是德国人类学家費洛英语Alois Anton Führer偽造而成[1]。歷史學家Charles Allen,在他2013年的記錄片《Bones of the Buddha》和著作《What happened at Piprahwa》中,研究舉證這種偽造是不可能的[2]印度學教授Harry Falk也在記錄片種聲稱這種偽造不可能。

引用编辑

  1. ^ . In his review of Harry Falks new book "Aśokan Sites and Artefacts", Dr Michael D. Willis comments: "As the question of fakes is raised by Falk himself, it is noteworthy that the author has side-stepped the Piprahwa reliquary in the India Museum, Calcutta, in all likelihood a forgery made by A.A. Führer whose activities are explored elsewhere in this JRAS special issue. The decision to side-step this problem was a wise one as its inclusion would only detract from the volume as a reference work." in Dr Michael D. Willis (2012) in reviewing H. Falk, Asokan Sites and Artefacts. A Source-book with Bibliography (Monographien zur Indischen Archäologie, Kunst und Philologie, Band 18), Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (JRAS), 3rd series, Vol. XXII, Part 1, 2012, p. 188
  2. ^ Allen, Charles. What Happened at Piprahwa (PDF).