水塔花属

凤梨科的一属植物

水塔花属学名Billbergia)是凤梨科下的一个属,为无茎草本植物。该属共有约60种,分布于热带美洲[1] 水塔花屬植物需要充足的陽光,但過強的陽光會造成葉色變黃,甚至造成日曬病,所以陽光太強時需要遮蔭。生長適溫大約攝氏20到28度,超過30度會使開花減少。冬天進入休眠期後,溫度低於10至15度時會造成花期後延,高於20度也會影響來年生長。

水塔花屬Infobox info icon2.svg
Bromeliad spike.jpg
Billbergia
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 维管植物 Tracheophyta
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 单子叶植物 Monocots
演化支 鸭跖草类植物 Commelinids
目: 禾本目 Poales
科: 凤梨科 Bromeliaceae
亚科: 鳳梨亞科 Bromelioideae
属: 水塔花屬 Billbergia
Billbergia pyramidalis
條紋水塔花

编辑

  1. Billbergia acreana瑞典语Billbergia acreana H. Luther - Acre
  2. Billbergia alfonsi-joannis英语Billbergia alfonsi-joannis Reitz - from Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina
  3. Billbergia amandae瑞典语Billbergia amandae W.Weber - Brazil, but probably extinct
  4. Billbergia ambigua瑞典语Billbergia ambigua (L.B.Sm. & Read) Betancur & N.R.Salinas - Antioquia
  5. Billbergia amoena英语Billbergia amoena (Loddiges) Lindley - Brazil
  6. Billbergia brachysiphon瑞典语Billbergia brachysiphon L.B. Smith - Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
  7. Billbergia bradeana英语Billbergia bradeana L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  8. Billbergia brasiliensis英语Billbergia brasiliensis L.B. Smith - Rio de Janeiro
  9. Billbergia buchholtzii瑞典语Billbergia buchholtzii Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Brazil, but probably extinct
  10. Billbergia cardenasii英语Billbergia cardenasii L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  11. Billbergia castelensis英语Billbergia castelensis E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  12. Billbergia chlorantha英语Billbergia chlorantha L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  13. Billbergia × claudioi Leme - Brazil
  14. Billbergia cylindrostachya英语Billbergia cylindrostachya Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Rio de Janeiro
  15. Billbergia dasilvae瑞典语Billbergia dasilvae Leme - Rondônia
  16. Billbergia decora英语Billbergia decora Poeppig & Endlicher - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  17. Billbergia distachya英语Billbergia distachya (Vellozo) Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - southern Brazil
  18. Billbergia domingosmartinsis瑞典语Billbergia domingosmartinsis E.Gross - Espírito Santo
  19. Billbergia elegans英语Billbergia elegans Martius ex Schultes f. - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  20. Billbergia eloiseae英语Billbergia eloiseae L.B. Smith & R.W. Read - Colombia
  21. Billbergia euphemiae英语Billbergia euphemiae E. Morren英语Charles Jacques Édouard Morren - southeastern Brazil
  22. Billbergia formosa英语Billbergia formosa Ule - Peru
  23. Billbergia horrida英语Billbergia horrida Regel - southeastern Brazil
  24. Billbergia incarnata瑞典语Billbergia incarnata (Ruiz & Pavón) Schultes f. - Peru
  25. Billbergia iridifolia英语Billbergia iridifolia (Nees & Martius) Lindley - southeastern Brazil
  26. Billbergia issingiana瑞典语Billbergia issingiana T. Krömer & E. Gross - Bolivia
  27. Billbergia jandebrabanderi瑞典语Billbergia jandebrabanderi R. Vásquez & Ibisch - Bolivia
  28. Billbergia kautskyana英语Billbergia kautskyana E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  29. Billbergia kuhlmannii英语Billbergia kuhlmannii L.B. Smith - Brazil, Bolivia
  30. Billbergia laxiflora英语Billbergia laxiflora L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  31. Billbergia leptopoda英语Billbergia leptopoda L.B. Smith - Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  32. Billbergia lietzei英语Billbergia lietzei E. Morren英语Charles Jacques Édouard Morren - Espírito Santo
  33. Billbergia lymanii英语Billbergia lymanii E. Pereira & Leme - southeastern Brazil
  34. Billbergia macracantha英语Billbergia macracantha E. Pereira - Rio de Janeiro
  35. Billbergia macrocalyx英语Billbergia macrocalyx Hooker - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  36. Billbergia macrolepis英语Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Smith - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
  37. Billbergia magnifica英语Billbergia magnifica Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Brazil, Paraguay
  38. Billbergia manarae英语Billbergia manarae Steyermark - Venezuela
  39. Billbergia meyeri英语Billbergia meyeri Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Brazil, Bolivia
  40. Billbergia microlepis英语Billbergia microlepis L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  41. Billbergia minarum英语Billbergia minarum L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  42. Billbergia morelii英语Billbergia morelii Brongniart - eastern Brazil
  43. Billbergia nana英语Billbergia nana E. Pereira - Bahia, Espírito Santo
  44. 垂花水塔花 Billbergia nutans H. Wendland ex Regel:見於巴西、阿根廷、烏拉圭及巴拉圭。
  45. Billbergia oxysepala英语Billbergia oxysepala Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Acre, Ecuador
  46. Billbergia pallidiflora英语Billbergia pallidiflora Liebmann - Mexico and Central America from Sinaloa to Nicaragua
  47. Billbergia pohliana英语Billbergia pohliana Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Minas Gerais
  48. Billbergia porteana英语Billbergia porteana Brongniart ex Beer - Brazil, Paraguay
  49. 紅筆鳳梨 Billbergia pyramidalis (Sims) Lindley:巴西、委內瑞拉、法屬圭亞那、小安的列斯群岛古巴;亦已在毛里求斯歸化
  50. Billbergia reichardtii英语Billbergia reichardtii Wawra英语Heinrich Wawra von Fernsee - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  51. Billbergia robert-readii英语Billbergia robert-readii E. Gross & Rauh - Peru
  52. Billbergia rosea英语Billbergia rosea hortus ex Beer - Trinidad, Venezuela
  53. Billbergia rubicunda瑞典语Billbergia rubicunda Mez英语Carl Christian Mez - Suriname
  54. Billbergia rupestris瑞典语Billbergia rupestris L.B. Smith - Colombia, Acre
  55. Billbergia sanderiana英语Billbergia sanderiana E. Morren英语Charles Jacques Édouard Morren - southeastern Brazil
  56. Billbergia seidelii英语Billbergia seidelii L.B. Smith & Reitz - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  57. Billbergia stenopetala英语Billbergia stenopetala Harms - Ecuador, Peru
  58. Billbergia tessmannii英语Billbergia tessmannii Harms - Peru
  59. Billbergia tweedieana英语Billbergia tweedieana Baker - southeastern Brazil
  60. Billbergia velascana英语Billbergia velascana M. Cardenas - Bolivia
  61. Billbergia violacea英语Billbergia violacea Beer - Guianas, Brazil
  62. Billbergia viridiflora英语Billbergia viridiflora H. Wendland - Belize, Guatemala, Tabasco
  63. 條紋水塔花 Billbergia vittata Brongniart:見於巴西東部
  64. Billbergia zebrina英语Billbergia zebrina (Herbert) Lindley - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ 中国种子植物科属词典. 中国数字植物标本馆. (原始内容存档于2012-04-11). 

参考資料编辑