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法醫昆蟲學Forensic entomology),為應用昆蟲及其他自然科學的理論與技術,研究並解決司法實踐中有關昆蟲問題的一門科學。

自然界中,昆蟲不僅取食動物屍體,還在其屍體中活動,促使大量微生物進入屍體,使之加速崩潰。為法醫昆蟲學一切工作的基礎。

歷史编辑

宋朝法醫學家宋慈淳祐七年(1247年)成書的法醫學案例著作《洗冤集錄》含括了已知最古老的法醫昆蟲學案件。[1]該謀殺案於端平二年(1235年)發生,一名村民被人用刀刺死。仵作們認為死者的創傷是由鐮刀造成的,而鐮刀是種在收穫季節用於割稻的工具,這一事實使他們懷疑同伴農工涉有重嫌。[1]地方縣令將村民都聚集在衙門廣場,以便暫時收繳鐮刀。[1]幾分鐘內,一大群蒼蠅循著人類無法識別的跡氣味而來,圍著一把鐮刀,對其他的不屑一顧。[1]很顯然地,該鐮刀的所有者便是罪魁禍首,後來該農工被捕快拿下後請求寬恕。[1]

註釋编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Haskell (2006), 432.

參考文獻编辑

  • 《法醫昆蟲學》,胡萃著,重慶出版社出版,2000年
  • Haskell, Neal H. (2006). "The Science of Forensic Entomology," in Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice, 431–440. Edited by Cyril H. Wecht and John T. Rago. Boca Raton: CRC Press, an imprint of Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN 0849319706.

延伸閱讀编辑

  • Bass, William; Jon Jefferson. Death's Acre: Inside the Legendary Forensic Lab The Body Farm. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-425-19832-2. 
  • Byrd, J. H.; J. L. Castner. Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 2001. ISBN 0-8493-8120-7. 
  • Catts, E. P. & N. H. Haskell (编). Entomology & Death: A Procedural Guide. Clemson, SC: Joyce's Print Shop, Inc. 1990. ISBN 0-9628696-0-0.  Spiralbound also aimed at professional entomologists, but shorter and with a popular style.
  • Catts, E. P.; M. L. Goff. Forensic entomology in criminal investigations. Annual Review of Entomology. 1992, 37: 253–272. PMID 1539937. doi:10.1146/annurev.en.37.010192.001345. 
  • Eisner, Thomas, Maria Eisner & Melody Siegler. Secret Weapons. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01882-2. 
  • Gennard, Dorothy E., 2007 Forensic entomology : an introduction ISBN 978-0-470-01478-3 [1] assumes no prior knowledge
  • Goff, M. L. A Fly for the Prosecution: How Insect Evidence Helps Solve Crimes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2000. ISBN 0-674-00220-2. 
  • Greenberg, B.; J. C. Kunich. Entomology and the Law: Flies as Forensic Indicators. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. 2002. ISBN 0-521-80915-0. 
  • Jakubec, P. Thermal summation model and instar determination of all developmental stages of necrophagous beetle, Sciodrepoides watsoni (Spence) (Coleoptera: Leiodidae: Cholevinae). PeerJ. 2015. doi:10.7717/peerj.1944. 
  • Leclerque, M. Entomologie médicale et Médecine légale Datation de la Mort. Paris: Masson. 1978. 
  • Liu, D.; B. Greenberg. Immature stages of some flies of forensic importance. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 1989, 82 (1): 80–93. 
  • Nuorteva, P. Sarcosaprophagous insects as forensic indicators. (编) C. G. Tedeschi; W. G. Eckert; L. G. Tedeschi. Forensic Medicine: a Study in Trauma and Environmental Hazards II. New York: W. B. Saunders. 1977: 1072–1095. 
  • Smith, K. G. V. A Manual of Forensic Entomology. Ithaca, NY: Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press. 1986. ISBN 0-8014-1927-1.  A technical hardback designed for professional entomologists.
  • Wells, J. D.; J. R. Stevens. Application of DNA-based methods in forensic entomology (PDF). Annual Review of Entomology. 2008, 53: 103–120. PMID 17685848. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.52.110405.091423. 

外部連結编辑

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