澳大利亞聯邦下議院選舉分區

澳大利亞的聯邦選民

澳大利亞聯邦下議院乃由151個選舉分區所各別選舉出的議員所組成;各選區當選名額為1席,英語稱以Divisions,或稱electorates、seats亦可。英國西敏寺制的常用詞「constituencies」於澳大利亞相關法律中則不常見。

澳大利亞聯邦下議院選舉分區的選舉結果(2010年)
澳大利亞聯邦下議院選舉分區(2019年)
澳大利亞聯邦下議院選區人口

規定编辑

澳大利亞憲法》第24 條要求,澳大利亞眾議院議員總數應“盡可能地”成為澳大利亞參議院議員人數的兩倍。本節還要求選民應按各州的人口比例在各州之間分配;前提是每個州在眾議院中至少有5名議員,這一規定賦予塔斯馬尼亞州比其人口具有更高的代表性。還有三個選區在澳大利亞首都直轄區,兩個在北領地,領地區至少為1名。

如果由於人口的變動或成員總數的增加而使一個州或地區有權參加的議會代表的人數發生變化,則以州的最少分區數為準。如果一個州中超過三分之一的選區或首都地區或北領地中一個分區的選民人數在兩個月以上的時間內偏離州平均選區人數超過10%便會改變。即使選區席次不變,超過7年仍會進行重新區劃。

選區重整编辑

上一次重新分配於2018年完成,正好趕在2019年聯邦大選之前。在此重新分配中,AEC在維多利亞州和澳大利亞首都特區增加了一個席位,並且還確定了南澳大利亞州將失去席位。因此,眾議院的席位總數增加到151個。維多利亞州,塔斯馬尼亞州和南澳大利亞州的席位也被廢除了,以便為位置相似但名稱不同的席位讓路。

選舉分區的命名编辑

與聯邦下議院有關的選舉分區於命名時,皆以澳大利亞歷史上對社會有貢獻者之姓氏為命名原則,參考範圍包括歷任總理探險家藝術家工程師等,僅極少數選區以地理名詞為命名原則:[1]

  • 對社會貢獻崇隆者,如已逝前任總理的姓氏;
  • 保留1901年聯邦成立以來所使用的分區原名;
  • 避用地理名詞;(除了少數如:南回歸線
  • 若適宜,使用澳大利亞原住民語言
  • 不與州選區名重覆

選區的廢立與重新劃定是澳大利亞選舉委員會的責任。

聯邦下議院選舉分區(2019年起)编辑

在新南威爾士州有47個分區,在維多利亞州有38個分區,在昆士蘭州有30個分區,在西澳大利亞州有16個分區,在南澳大利亞州有10個分區,在塔斯馬尼亞州有5個分區,在首都地區有3個分區,在北領地有2個分區。

總表编辑

名稱 成立 名字來自於 出名於 著名議員
阿德萊德 1903 南澳大利亞 阿德萊德城市 地理位置 Charles Kingston, premier of 南澳大利亞
阿斯頓 1984 維多利亞 蒂莉·阿斯頓 教師
Ballarat 1901 維多利亞 巴拉瑞特城市 地理位置 艾爾弗雷德·迪金, 首相
Banks 1949 新南威爾斯 Joseph Banks 植物學家
Barker 1903 南澳大利亞 Collet Barker 探險家 John Langdon Bonython, owner and editor of The Advertiser
Archie Cameron, leader of the Country Party
Barton 1922 新南威爾斯 Edmund Barton 首相 H. V. Evatt, leader of the ALP and Justice of the High Court
Linda Burney, first indigenous woman in the House of Representatives
Bass 1903 塔斯馬尼亞 George Bass 探險家
Bean 2019 澳大利亞首都特區 Charles Bean 戰地記者
歷史學者
Bendigo 1901 Victoria City of Bendigo 地理位置 Billy Hughes, 首相
George Rankin, major general in the Army Reserve
John Brumby, premier of Victoria
Bennelong 1949 New South Wales Bennelong 原住民長者 John Howard, Prime Minister
Maxine McKew, Walkley and Logie winning journalist
John Alexander, professional tennis player
Berowra 1969 New South Wales Suburb of Berowra Geographic location
Blair 1998 Queensland Harold Blair Aboriginal singer
Blaxland 1949 New South Wales Gregory Blaxland Explorer Paul Keating, Prime Minister
Bonner 2004 Queensland Neville Bonner Aboriginal politician
Boothby 1903 南澳大利亞 William Boothby Electoral commissioner Steele Hall, premier of 南澳大利亞
Bowman 1949 Queensland David Bowman Politician
Braddon 1955 Tasmania Edward Braddon Premier of Tasmania Ray Groom, VFL player and premier of Tasmania
Bradfield 1949 New South Wales John Bradfield Designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge Billy Hughes, Prime Minister
Brendan Nelson, leader of the Liberal Party and president of the AMA
Brand 1984 Western Australia David Brand Premier of Western Australia Kim Beazley, leader of the ALP
Brisbane 1901 Queensland City of Brisbane
Bruce 1955 Victoria Stanley Bruce Prime Minister Billy Snedden, leader of the Liberal Party
Burt 2016 Western Australia Archibald Burt
Septimus Burt
Francis Burt
Members of a significant WA family
Calare 1906 New South Wales Aboriginal name for the Lachlan River Geographic location Neville Howse, major general in the ADF
Calwell 1984 Victoria Arthur Calwell Leader of the opposition
Canberra 1974 Australian Capital Territory City of Canberra Geographic location
Canning 1949 Western Australia Alfred Canning Surveyor of the Rabbit-proof fence
Capricornia 1901 Queensland Tropic of Capricorn Geographic location Frank Forde, Prime Minister
Casey 1969 Victoria Richard Casey Governor General
Chifley 1969 New South Wales Ben Chifley Prime Minister Ed Husic, first Muslim elected to parliament
Chisholm 1949 Victoria Caroline Chisholm Philanthropist Wilfrid Kent Hughes, represented Australia at the 1920 Olympics
Gladys Liu, first Chinese woman in parliament
Clark 2019 Tasmania Andrew Inglis Clark Co-author of the Australian Constitution
Cook 1969 New South Wales James Cook Explorer Scott Morrison, Prime Minister
Cooper 2019 Victoria William Cooper 原住民活動家 Ged Kearney, president of the ACTU
Corangamite 1901 Victoria Lake Corangamite Geographic location James Scullin, Prime Minister
Sarah Henderson, Walkley award winning journalist
Corio 1901 Victoria Corio Bay Geographic location Richard Casey, Governor General
Hubert Opperman, professional cyclist
Cowan 1984 Western Australia Edith Cowan Politician and activist Anne Aly, first Muslim woman in parliament
Cowper 1901 New South Wales Charles Cowper NSW premier Earle Page, Prime Minister
Cunningham 1949 New South Wales Allan Cunningham Explorer Michael Organ, first member of the Greens elected to the House of Representatives
Curtin 1949 Western Australia John Curtin Prime Minister Paul Hasluck, Governor General
Dawson 1949 Queensland Anderson Dawson Premier of Queensland
Deakin 1937 Victoria Alfred Deakin Prime Minister
Dickson 1992 Queensland James Robert Dickson Premier of Queensland Cheryl Kernot, leader of the Democrats
Dobell 1984 New South Wales William Dobell Painter
Dunkley 1984 Victoria Louisa Margaret Dunkley Labour unionist and
women's rights campaigner
Durack 2010 Western Australia Mary Durack Author
Eden-Monaro 1901 New South Wales Town of Eden
Region of Monaro
Geographic location
Fadden 1977 Queensland Arthur Fadden Prime Minister
Fairfax 1984 Queensland Ruth Fairfax Founder of the Country Women's Association Clive Palmer, businessman and leader of United Australia Party
Farrer 1949 New South Wales William Farrer Scientist Tim Fischer, leader of the National Party
Fenner 2016 Australian Capital Territory Frank Fenner Scientist Andrew Leigh, professor of economics
Fisher 1949 Queensland Andrew Fisher Prime Minister
Flinders 1901 Victoria Matthew Flinders Explorer William Irvine, premier of Victoria and Chief Justice of Victoria
Stanley Bruce, Prime Minister
Flynn 2006 Queensland John Flynn Founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service
Forde 1984 Queensland Frank Forde Prime Minister
Forrest 1922 Western Australia John Forrest Explorer
Premier of Western Australia
Fowler 1984 New South Wales Lilian Fowler Mayor of Newtown
Franklin 1903 Tasmania John Franklin Explorer William McWilliams, leader of the Country Party
Fraser 2019 Victoria Malcolm Fraser Prime Minister
Fremantle 1901 Western Australia City of Fremantle Geographic location Elias Solomon, first Jewish member of parliament
John Curtin, Prime Minister
Carmen Lawrence, premier of Western Australia
Gellibrand 1949 Victoria Joseph Gellibrand Attorney General of Tasmania
Gilmore 1984 New South Wales Mary Gilmore Poet and author
Gippsland 1901 Victoria Region of Gippsland Geographic location Allan McLean, premier of Victoria
Goldstein 1984 Victoria Vida Goldstein Suffragette
Gorton 2004 Victoria John Gorton Prime Minister
Grayndler 1949 New South Wales Edward Grayndler Politician and unionist Anthony Albanese, leader of the Opposition
Greenway 1984 New South Wales Francis Greenway Architect
Grey 1903 南澳大利亞 George Grey Governor of 南澳大利亞
Griffith 1934 Queensland Samuel Griffith Premier of Queensland
Chief Justice of Australia
Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister
Groom 1984 Queensland Littleton Groom Politician
Hasluck 2001 Western Australia Paul Hasluck
Alexandra Hasluck
Governor General
Author
Herbert 1901 Queensland Robert Herbert Premier of Queensland
Higgins 1949 Victoria H. B. Higgins Politician and judge Harold Holt, Prime Minister
John Gorton, Prime Minister
Hindmarsh 1903 South Australia John Hindmarsh Governor of South Australia
Hinkler 1984 Queensland Bert Hinkler Aviator
Holt 1969 Victoria Harold Holt Prime Minister William Yates, also a member of House of Commons in the UK
Hotham 1969 Victoria Charles Hotham Governor of Victoria Don Chipp, founder and leader of the Democrats
Simon Crean, leader of the ALP
Hughes 1955 New South Wales Billy Hughes Prime Minister
Hume 1901 New South Wales Hamilton Hume Explorer William Lyne, premier of NSW
Hunter 1901 New South Wales John Hunter NSW Governor Edmund Barton, Prime Minister and Justice of the High Court
Matthew Charlton, leader of the ALP
H. V. Evatt, leader of the ALP, Chief Justice of NSW and Justice of the High Court
Indi 1901 Victoria Aboriginal name for the Murray River Geographic location Isaac Isaacs, Chief Justice, Governor General
John Leckie, played in the VFA
John McEwen, Prime Minister
William Bostock, Air vice-marshal in the RAAF
Mac Holten, played in the VFL
Isaacs 1969 Victoria Isaac Isaacs Governor General
Chief Justice
Jagajaga 1984 Victoria Three Wurundjeri elders
Kennedy 1901 Queensland Edmund Kennedy Explorer Bob Katter, leader of Katter's Australian Party
Kingsford Smith 1949 New South Wales Charles Kingsford Smith Aviator Peter Garrett, lead singer of Midnight Oil
Kingston 1949 South Australia Charles Kingston Premier of South Australia Jim Handby, SANFL player and coach
Kay Brownbill, media personality
Kooyong 1901 Victoria Suburb of Kooyong Geographic location William Knox, secretary of BHP
John Latham, leader of the Opposition, Chief Justice
Robert Menzies, Prime Minister
Andrew Peacock, leader of the Opposition
La Trobe 1949 Victoria Charles La Trobe Governor of Victoria Richard Casey, Governor General
Lalor 1949 Victoria Peter Lalor Leader of the Eureka Rebellion Barry Jones, quiz champion and radio host
Julia Gillard, Prime Minister
Leichhardt 1949 Queensland Ludwig Leichhardt Explorer
Lilley 1913 Queensland Charles Lilley Premier and Chief Justice of Queensland Elaine Darling, first Queensland woman in the House of Representatives
Lindsay 1984 New South Wales Norman Lindsay Artist Jackie Kelly, professional rower
Lingiari 2001 Northern Territory Vincent Lingiari 原住民活動家
Longman 1996 Queensland Irene Longman Politician Wyatt Roy, youngest ever member of the House of Representatives
Lyne 1949 New South Wales William Lyne NSW premier Mark Vaile, leader of the National Party
Lyons 1984 Tasmania Joseph Lyons
Enid Lyons
Prime Minister
Politician
Eric Hutchinson, administrator of Norfolk Island
Macarthur 1949 New South Wales John Macarthur
Elizabeth Macarthur
Pioneer of white settlement John Fahey, premier of NSW and president of WADA
Pat Farmer, ultra-marathon runner
Mackellar 1949 New South Wales Charles Mackellar
Dorothea Mackellar
Politician
Poet
Macnamara 2019 Victoria Jean Macnamara Scientist
Macquarie 1901 New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie Governor of NSW Ben Chifley, Prime Minister
Makin 1984 South Australia Norman Makin Politician
Mallee 1949 Victoria Region of The Mallee Geographic location
Maranoa 1901 Queensland Maranoa River Geographic location
Maribyrnong 1906 Victoria Maribyrnong River Geographic location Bill Shorten, leader of the ALP
Mayo 1984 South Australia Helen Mayo Doctor Alexander Downer, leader of the Liberal Party
McEwen 1984 Victoria John McEwen Prime Minister Arthur Fadden, Prime Minister
Charles Barnes, race horse owner
McPherson 1949 Queensland McPherson Range Geographic location
McMahon 2010 New South Wales William McMahon Prime Minister
Melbourne 1901 Victoria City of Melbourne Geographic location Malcolm McEacharn, businessman and Mayor of Melbourne
Arthur Calwell, leader of the ALP
Adam Bandt, leader of the Greens
Menzies 1984 Victoria Robert Menzies Prime Minister
Mitchell 1949 New South Wales Thomas Mitchell Explorer
Monash 2019 Victoria John Monash General and head of the armed forces
Moncrieff 1984 Queensland Gladys Moncrieff Singer
Moore 1949 Western Australia George Fletcher Moore Early WA settler
Moreton 1901 Queensland Moreton Bay Geographic location
New England 1901 New South Wales Region of New England Geographic location Ian Sinclair, leader of the Nationals
Barnaby Joyce, leader of the Nationals
Newcastle 1901 New South Wales City of Newcastle Geographic location
Nicholls 2019 Victoria Douglas Nicholls
Gladys Nicholls
原住民活動家 Damian Drum, AFL player and coach
North Sydney 1901 New South Wales Suburb of North Sydney Geographic location Granville Ryrie, Major General in the army
Billy Hughes, Prime Minister
Trent Zimmerman, first openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives
O'Connor 1980 Western Australia C. Y. O'Connor Engineer
Oxley 1949 Queensland John Oxley Explorer Bill Hayden, Governor General, leader of the ALP
Pauline Hanson, leader of One Nation
Page 1984 New South Wales Earle Page Prime Minister
Parkes 1984 New South Wales Henry Parkes Governor of NSW
Parramatta 1901 New South Wales Suburb of Parramatta Geographic location Joseph Cook, Prime Minister
Garfield Barwick, Chief Justice of the High Court
Nigel Bowen, Chief Justice Federal Court of Australia
Paterson 1949-1984
1993
New South Wales Banjo Paterson Author and poet
Pearce 1989 Western Australia George Pearce Politician
Perth 1901 Western Australia City of Perth Geographic location Ric Charlesworth, cricket professional, hockey player and coach, competed at the 1976 Olympics
Petrie 1949 Queensland Andrew Petrie Architect
Rankin 1984 Queensland Annabelle Rankin Politician
Reid 1922 New South Wales George Reid Prime Minister Jack Lang, premier of NSW
Richmond 1901 New South Wales Richmond River Geographic location Doug Anthony, leader of National Party
Riverina 1901-84
1993
New South Wales Region of The Riverina Geographic location Michael McCormack, leader of the Nationals
Robertson 1901 New South Wales John Robertson Premier of NSW
Ryan 1949 Queensland T. J. Ryan Premier of Queensland
Scullin 1968 Victoria James Scullin Prime Minister
Shortland 1949 New South Wales John Shortland Explorer
Solomon 2000 Northern Territory Vaiben Louis Solomon Premier of South Australia
Spence 2019 South Australia Catherine Helen Spence Politician
Author
Stirling 1955 Western Australia James Stirling Governor of Western Australia Eoin Cameron, radio presenter
Sturt 1949 South Australia Charles Sturt Explorer
Swan 1901 Western Australia Swan River Geographic location John Forrest, premier of Western Australia
Kim Beazley, leader of the ALP
Sydney 1968 New South Wales City of Sydney Geographic location
Tangney 1974 Western Australia Dorothy Tangney Politician
Warringah 1922 New South Wales Warringah Council Geographic location Granville Ryrie, Major General in the army
Tony Abbott, Prime Minister
Zali Steggall, alpine skier at 1998 Winter Olympics
Wannon 1901 Victoria Wannon River Geographic location Malcolm Fraser, Prime Minister
Watson 1992 New South Wales Chris Watson Prime Minister
Wentworth 1901 New South Wales William Wentworth Explorer Peter Coleman, leader of the NSW Liberal Party
John Hewson, leader of the Liberal Party
Malcolm Turnbull, Prime Minister
Kerryn Phelps, president of the AMA
Werriwa 1901 New South Wales Aboriginal name for Lake George Geographic location Walter McNicoll, Brigadier General in the army
Gough Whitlam, Prime Minister
Mark Latham, leader of the ALP
Whitlam 2016 New South Wales Gough Whitlam Prime Minister
Wide Bay 1901 Queensland Region of Wide Bay–Burnett Geographic location Andrew Fisher, Prime Minister
Warren Truss, leader of the National Party
Wills 1949 Victoria William John Wills Explorer Bob Hawke, Prime Minister
Wright 2009 Queensland Judith Wright Poet

新南威爾斯州编辑

共劃定48個選區:

 
悉尼市區選舉分區
 
悉尼郊區選舉分區
 
新南威尔士州選舉分區

維多利亞州编辑

共劃定37個選區:

 
墨爾本市区選舉分區
 
墨爾本郊区選舉分區
 
維多利亞州選舉分區

昆士蘭州编辑

共劃定30個選區:

 
布里斯班市區選舉分區
 
布里斯班郊區選舉分區
 
昆士蘭州選舉分區

西澳大利亚州编辑

共劃定15個選區:

 
珀斯市区選區
 
珀斯郊区選區
 
西澳大利亚州選舉分區

南澳大利亚州编辑

共劃定10個選區:

 
阿德萊德選舉分區
 
南澳大利亚州選舉分區

塔斯曼尼亞州编辑

共劃定5個選區:

 
塔斯曼尼亞州選舉分區

領地编辑

 
坎培拉選區
 
芬納選區
 
比恩選區
 
林吉阿里選區
 
所羅門選區

澳大利亞首都特區 共劃定3個選區:

北領地

共劃定2個選區:

歷史選區编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Australian Electoral Commission. Guideline for Naming Divisions. August 3, 2007. Accessed May 5, 2008.

外部連結编辑