美國衰落

美國衰落是一種觀點。該觀點支持者認為美国在地缘政治军事金融经济社会、医疗保健或环境議題上的實力正在衰落 [1][2][3]。对于衰落的程度,以及它是相对衰落还是绝对衰落,一直存在着争论。那些认为美国正在衰落的人被認為衰落论者 [4][5]

中华人民共和国的崛起正在挑战美国的全球主导地位,是关于美国衰落爭論中的一个核心因素 [6][7][8]。美国不再是唯一在世界各个地区的各个领域都占据主导地位的无争议的超级大国 [9][10][11]。根据2020年亚洲实力指数英语Asia Power Index顯示,在亚洲范围内,美国在军事能力、文化影响力等領域仍然处于领先地位,但在经济资源、经济关系和外交影响力等領域落后于中国[12]

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Friedman, Hershey H.; Hertz, Sarah. Is the United States Still the Best Country in the World? Think Again. SSRN Electronic Journal (Elsevier BV). 2015. ISSN 1556-5068. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2622722 (英语). 
  2. ^ The Hidden Meaning Of American Decline. Huffington Post. 2018-05-24 [2019-03-08]. 
  3. ^ ROSENBERG, MARK. Biden's opportunity to flip the script on U.S. decline. 2021-01-22 [2021-02-02]. 
  4. ^ McArdle, Megan. America's Perpetual Decline. The Atlantic. 2010-10-07 [2019-03-29]. 
  5. ^ Edelman, Eric S. Understanding America's Contested Primacy (PDF). Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments英语Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. 2010 [2021-04-23]. 
  6. ^ Wyne, Ali. Is America Choosing Decline?. The New Republic. 2018-06-21 [2019-03-28]. 
  7. ^ Brown, Stuart S. The Future of US Global Power: Delusions of Decline. Palgrave Macmillan. 2013 [2019-03-24]. ISBN 9781137023155 (英语). 
  8. ^ Rapoza, Kenneth. The Future: China's Rise, America's Decline. Forbes. [2019-03-28] (英语). 
  9. ^ Does China Outspend US on Defense?. The Unz Review. [2020-05-06]. 
  10. ^ Allison, Graham. China Is Now the World's Largest Economy. We Shouldn't Be Shocked.. The National Interest. 2020-10-15 [2020-10-23] (英语). 
  11. ^ US. power.lowyinstitute.org. [2020-10-20] (英语). The United States remains the most powerful country in the region but registered the largest fall in relative power of any Indo–Pacific country in 2020. A ten-point overall lead over China two years ago has been narrowed by half in 2020. 
  12. ^ China - Lowy Institute Asia Power Index. Lowy Institute Asia Power Index 2020. [2020-10-21] (英语).