- ^ Robert McNamara. History of Ship Christenings With Champagne. About.com Education. [2021-11-11]. （原始内容存档于2016-09-14）.
- ^ (This article includes material from "Ships of the United States Navy: Christening, Launching and Commissioning, Second Edition," which was prepared for and published by the Naval History Division of the Department of the Navy, Washington, D.C., 1975, and therefore is in the public domain as federal government work). Reilly, John C. Christening, Launching, and Naming of U.S. Navy Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. 31 May 2001 [2013-06-05]. （原始内容存档于11 June 2001）.
- ^ Basic Ship Theory Volume 1, Fifth Edition Butterworth-Heinemann; 5 edition | November 21, 2001 | ISBN 0750653965