- ^ 
- ^ Moua, Dr. Mai. 2010 Census Hmong Populations by State. 2010年美國人口普查. Hmong American Partnership. 2010. （原始内容存档于2012-12-14）.
- ^ Hmong Americans. Cultural Aspects of Healthcare. The College of St. Scholastica. 1996 [15 February 2013]. （原始内容存档于2013年6月30日）.
Primary religious/spiritual affiliation. A recent study found that 75% of Hmong people practiced traditional religion which is animistic. Many Hmong also practice Buddhism or Christianity with membership to various churches such as Catholic, Missionary Alliance, Baptist, Mormon, and others.
- Moua, Mai Neng (editor). Bamboo Among the Oaks: Contemporary Writing by Hmong Americans. 明尼蘇達州歷史學會出版社, 2002. ISBN 0873514378, 9780873514378.
- "The violence of Hmong gangs and the crime of rape." 聯邦調查局執法公報. 2003年2月1日.