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英语世界

(重定向自英文世界
英语作为官方语言、通用语的国家和地区
  英语圈
  官方语言,多数人使用
  官方语言,少数人使用
  第二官方语言,多数人使用
  第二官方语言,少数人使用
  非官方语言
  非官方语言,多数人使用
  非官方语言,少数人使用

英语世界指使用英语作为官方语言或官方语言之一的国家。世界上的英语国家有:英国美国加拿大澳大利亞紐西蘭等国家。同时,英语世界也可以指使用英语的地区。

世界主要國家以英語為母語的使用人數编辑

该饼图显示了英语“核心圈”的使用者人数比例。然而英语的二语使用者(本图不统计)遍布全球,很可能已超过母语使用者人数。[1]

  美国 (64.3%)
  英国 (16.7%)
  加拿大 (5.3%)
  澳大利亚 (4.7%)
  南非 (1.3%)
  爱尔兰 (1.1%)
  新西兰 (1.1%)
  其他 (5.5%)
國家 母語使用者
1   美國 300,809,000[2]
2   英國 60,200,000[3]
3   加拿大 25,232,195[4]
4   澳大利亚 20,581,334[5]
5   爱尔兰 4,200,000+(估計)[3]
6   南非 3,673,203[6]
7   新西蘭 3,500,000+(估計)[7]

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Data are from national censuses conducted in 2010 or 2011 in the reported countries.
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003, Section 1 Population (pdf). U.S. Census Bureau: 59 pages (英语).  Table 47 gives the figure of 214,809,000 for those five years old and over who speak exclusively English at home. Based on the American Community Survey, these results exclude those living communally (such as college dormitories, institutions, and group homes), and by definition exclude native English speakers who speak more than one language at home.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, Second Edition, Crystal, David; Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, [1995 (2003-08-03).]
  4. ^ Population by mother tongue and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data, Census 2006, Statistics Canada.
  5. ^ [1] Main Language Spoken at Home. The figure is the number of people who only speak English at home.
  6. ^ Census in Brief 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-08-09., page 15 (Table 2.5), 2001 Census, Statistics South Africa.
  7. ^ Languages spoken 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-03-29., 2006 Census, Statistics New Zealand. No figure is given for the number of native speakers, but it would be somewhere between the number of people who spoke English only (3,008,058) and the total number of English speakers (3,673,623), if one ignores the 197,187 people who did not provide a usable answer.

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