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萨莫奈人

古代意大利南部的部落
(重定向自萨姆奈特人
公元前400年时的意大利

萨莫奈人拉丁語Samnite),一译萨谟奈人萨姆奈特人萨莫内人,是居住在意大利亞平寧山脈南部萨莫奈的一支萨贝利人部落。萨莫奈人使用奧斯坎語印欧语系的一种)。萨莫奈人最早记录于跟罗马人的一个协议。萨莫奈人的帝国在公元前361年达到颠峰,之后其实力逐渐被罗马人消弱。公元前82年, 罗马终身独裁官苏拉(Lucius Cornelius Sulla)屠杀了萨莫奈人并奴役了他们,后来萨莫奈人成了角斗士的一种。

参考资料编辑

  • Forsythe, Gary. A Critical History of Early Rome: From Prehistory to the First Punic War. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
  • Jones, Howard. Samnium: Settlement and Cultural Change: the Proceedings of the Third E. Togo Salmon Conference On Roman Studies. Providence, RI: Center for Old World Archaeology and Art, 2004.
  • Paget, R. F. Central Italy: An Archaeological Guide; the Prehistoric, Villanovan, Etruscan, Samnite, Italic, and Roman Remains, and the Ancient Road Systems. 1st U.S. ed. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Press, 1973.
  • Salvucci, Claudio R. A Vocabulary of Oscan: Including the Oscan and Samnite Glosses. Southampton, Pa.: Evolution Pub., 1999.
  • Stek, Tesse. Cult Places and Cultural Change In Republican Italy: A Contextual Approach to Religious Aspects of Rural Society After the Roman Conquest. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2010.