蘇格蘭裔美國人

蘇格蘭裔美國人(Scottish Americans、Scots Americans) 是具有蘇格蘭血統的美國人[8]蘇格蘭-愛爾蘭裔美國人跟他們類似,但其祖先在抵達美國之前還在愛爾蘭停留了幾代。

蘇格蘭裔美國人
總人口
2000–2500萬[1][2][3][4](美國人口的8.3%)
蘇格蘭-愛爾蘭裔美國人:
2700–3000萬[5][6](美國人口的10%)
分佈地區
主要在新英格蘭阿帕拉契亚美國深南部[7]
語言
主要為美式英語,很少有人還說蘇格蘭蓋爾語低地蘇格蘭語
宗教信仰
基督教

18世紀蘇格蘭人開始大量向美國移民,1745年詹姆斯黨叛亂以及高地清洗之後速度加快。大規模的遷徙使得蘇格蘭部分地區人口為之一空,引發了高地清洗。這些移民一開始主要定居在南卡羅來納州弗吉尼亞州,後來散佈到其他各州。

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ James McCarthy and Euan Hague, 'Race, Nation, and Nature: The Cultural Politics of "Celtic" Identification in the American West', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Volume 94 Issue 2 (5 Nov 2004), p. 392, citing J. Hewitson, Tam Blake and Co.: The Story of the Scots in America (Edinburgh: Canongate Books, 1993).
  2. ^ Tartan Day 2007页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), scotlandnow, Issue 7 (March 2007). Accessed 7 September 2008.
  3. ^ Scottish Parliament: Official Report, 11 September 2002, Col. 13525. Scottish.parliament.uk. [2012-08-25]. (原始内容存档于2011-08-07). 
  4. ^ Scottish Parliament: European and External Relations Committee Agenda, 20th Meeting 2004 (Session 2), 30 November 2004, EU/S2/04/20/1 (PDF). Scottish.parliament.uk. 2011-08-14 [2012-08-25]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-06-05). 
  5. ^ James Webb, Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America (New York: Broadway Books, 2004), front flap: 'More than 27 million Americans today can trace their lineage to the Scots, whose bloodline was stained by centuries of continuous warfare along the border between England and Scotland, and later in the bitter settlements of England's Ulster Plantation in Northern Ireland.' ISBN 0-7679-1688-3
  6. ^ James Webb, Secret GOP Weapon: The Scots Irish Vote页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), Wall Street Journal (23 October 2004). Accessed 7 September 2008.
  7. ^ Scottish and Scotch-Irish Americans - History, the scotch-irish, Immigration, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and Assimilation. [2019-05-20]. (原始内容存档于2018-08-25). 
  8. ^ Celeste Ray, 'Introduction', p. 6, id., 'Scottish Immigration and Ethnic Organization in the United States', pp. 48-9, 62, 81, in id. (ed.), The Transatlantic Scots (Tuscaloosa, AL:University of Alabama Press, 2005).

外部連接编辑