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位于圣何塞埃及博物馆的记梦碑复制品(半月形装饰部位的细节)

记梦碑或称斯芬克斯碑是在圖特摩斯四世在位的第一年(公元前1401年)由其树立的。和其他新王国时期的法老一样,这座石碑的作用是像世人宣扬法老神圣王权的合法性。[1]

目录

碑文编辑

部份碑文:

"Now the statue of the very great Khepri [the Great Sphinx ] rested in this place, great of fame, sacred of respect, the shade of Ra resting on him. Memphis and every city on its two sides came to him, their arms in adoration to his face, bearing great offerings for his Ka. One of these days it happened that prince Thutmose came travelling at the time of midday. He rested in the shadow of this great god. [Sleep and] dream [took possession of him] at the moment the sun was at zenith. Then he found the majesty of this noble god speaking from his own mouth like a father speaks to his son, and saying: "Look at me, observe me, my son Thutmose. I am your father Horemakhet-Khepri-Ra-Atum. I shall give to you the kingship [upon the land before the living]....[Behold, my condition is like one in illness], all [my limbs being ruined]. The sand of the desert, upon which I used to be, (now) confronts me; and it is in order to cause that you do what is in my heart that I have waited." "[2]
  • 译文:这时,伟大的神凱布利的雕像(狮身人面像)在这里,他声名显赫,备受尊敬,的阴影停留在他的身上。孟菲斯以及在他两边的所有城池都走向他,双手崇敬的伸向他的脸庞,向他的献上贡品。有一天,图特摩斯王子中午的时候在这里骑射。他在这位古老神灵的阴影中休息。正午的时候,王子在不知不觉中睡着了。在梦中,他发现这位崇高而有威严的神在开口与自己说话,就像一位父亲与自己的儿子说话一样。他说道“注视我,看着我,我的儿子图特摩斯。我是你的父亲荷露斯-艾姆-艾赫特-拉-阿图姆。我将把(这片土地上)的王位赐予你...(看啊,我现在就像是一位病人),所有(我的四肢都成了废墟)。我曾经屹立的这片黄沙,(现在)却快将我掩埋;我是为了让你照我心里想的那样去做才一直等待着。[3]
 
记梦碑的复制品

石碑的描述编辑

记梦碑高144厘米,宽40厘米,长70厘米。石碑的上半部分成两部分,展现了图特摩斯四世(右边拿着焚香,左边拿着奠酒,可能是酒,也可能是水装在壶里)向荷鲁斯(以狮身人面像代替)献上祭品的场景。[4]

对石碑进行的医学分析编辑

最近,一位帝国理工学院的外科医生Hutan Ashrafian分析了图特摩斯四世的以及其他第18王朝法老们(包括图坦卡蒙和阿肯那顿)的英年早逝。他发现他们的早逝有可能是家族性颞叶癫痫的结果。这个癫痫症所导致的强烈精神幻想和虔诚能解释图特摩斯四世过早的死亡和他在记梦碑中描述的宗教幻象。[5]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Shaw, 2000, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, p.254.
  2. ^ Shaw, 2000, p.254.
  3. ^ 图特摩斯四世记梦碑 申精. 万古诸天大幻灭. [2014-04-30]. 
  4. ^ Christiane Zivie-Coche, 2004, Sphinx : History of a Monument p.48
  5. ^ Ashrafian, Hutan. Familial epilepsy in the pharaohs of ancient Egypt's eighteenth dynasty. Epilepsy & Behavior. 2012, 25. doi:10.1007/s12020-011-9581-z.