赫耳墨斯主义

宗教传统
(重定向自赫密士主義

赫密斯主義(英語:HermeticismHermetism)是個宗教性與哲學性的傳統,主要是基於被歸為赫密斯·特里斯密吉斯托斯(三重而偉大的赫耳墨斯)所著的偽典[1]。這些著作深深地影響了西方秘教,並被認為在文藝復興[2]宗教革命[3]時期有著極大的重要性。

许多作家,包括拉克坦提乌斯居普良希波的奥古斯丁马尔西利奥·费奇诺乔瓦尼·皮科·德拉·米兰多拉焦尔达诺·布鲁诺托马索·康帕内拉托马斯·布朗爵士和拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生,认为赫尔墨斯是一个智慧的信使,预见了基督教的到来。

關於赫耳墨斯·特里斯密吉斯托斯為什麼會得到「三重而偉大」之名的理由出自《赫密斯·特里斯密吉斯托斯的翡翠石板》,那裡記載著祂知道整個宇宙智慧的三個部份[4]。這三個部份分別是煉金術占星術神通術

因為赫密斯主義和西元1300到1600年科學發展的關聯,它的重要性大大地提昇了。令人注意的是,赫密斯主義帶來了影響或控制自然的想法,使得許多科學家去注意魔法與相關的技術(例如煉金術和占星術),這些技術在思考上,可以將自然用於實驗意義上的測驗。必然地,赫密斯主義著作的實用價值吸引了科學家的目光。[5]

语源学编辑

“赫耳墨斯的”一词源于中世纪的拉丁文“hermeticus”,由希腊神话中神祇赫耳墨斯的名字演化而来。英语中,该词被证实起源于17世纪,如“赫耳墨斯的作者”(如罗伯特·弗拉德)

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Churton p. 4
  2. ^ "Hermeticism" The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions
  3. ^ Heiser, James D., Prisci Theologi and the Hermetic Reformation in the Fifteenth Century, Repristination Press, Texas: 2011. ISBN 978-1-4610-9382-4
  4. ^ Scully p. 322.
  5. ^ Tambiah, Magic, Science, Religion, and the scope of Rationality, pp. 25-26

相關條目编辑

參考書目编辑

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  • Hanegraaff, Wouter J. How Hermetic was Renaissance Hermetism? (PDF). Aries. 2015, 15 (2): 179–209. doi:10.1163/15700593-01502001. 
  • Hoeller, Stephan A. On the Trail of the Winged God: Hermes and Hermeticism Throughout the Ages, Gnosis: A Journal of Western Inner Traditions (Vol. 40, Summer 1996). Also at Hermes and Hermeticism. Gnosis.org. [2009-11-09]. (原始内容存档于2009-11-26). 
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  • Mahé, Jean-Pierre. The Definitions of Hermes Trismegistus to Asclepius. Salaman, Clement; Van Oyen, Dorine; Wharton, William D.; Mahé, Jean-Pierre (编). The Way of Hermes: New Translations of The Corpus Hermeticum and The Definitions of Hermes Trismegistus to Asclepius. London: Duckworth. 1999: 99–122. ISBN 978-0-7156-2939-0. 
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  • Newman, William R.; Principe, Lawrence M. Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2002. ISBN 978-0-226-57711-1. 
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  • Pilhofer, Peter. Presbyteron kreitton: Der Altersbeweis der jüdischen und christlichen Apologeten und seine Vorgeschichte. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr. 1990. ISBN 978-3-16-145584-1. 
  • Powell, Robert A. Christian Hermetic Astrology: The Star of the Magi and the Life of Christ. Hudson: Anthroposohic Press. 1991. 
  • Principe, Lawrence M. The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and His Alchemical Quest. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1998. ISBN 978-0-691-01678-8. 
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  • Scully, Nicki. Alchemical Healing: A Guide to Spiritual, Physical, and Transformational Medicine. Rochester: Bear & Company. 2003. 
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外部連結编辑